Montana Code Annotated 2015

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     72-2-1002. Statutory rule against perpetuities. (1) A nonvested property interest is invalid unless:
     (a) when the interest is created, it is certain to vest or terminate no later than 21 years after the death of an individual then alive; or
     (b) the interest either vests or terminates within 90 years after its creation.
     (2) A general power of appointment not presently exercisable because of a condition precedent is invalid unless:
     (a) when the power is created, the condition precedent is certain to be satisfied or become impossible to satisfy no later than 21 years after the death of an individual then alive; or
     (b) the condition precedent either is satisfied or becomes impossible to satisfy within 90 years after its creation.
     (3) A nongeneral power of appointment or a general testamentary power of appointment is invalid unless:
     (a) when the power is created, it is certain to be irrevocably exercised or otherwise to terminate no later than 21 years after the death of an individual then alive; or
     (b) the power is irrevocably exercised or otherwise terminates within 90 years after its creation.
     (4) In determining whether a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment is valid under subsection (1)(a), (2)(a), or (3)(a), the possibility that a child will be born to an individual after the individual's death is disregarded.
     (5) If, in measuring a period from the creation of a trust or other property arrangement, a clause in a governing instrument purports to postpone the vesting or termination of any interest or trust until, purports to disallow the vesting or termination of any interest or trust beyond, purports to require all interests or trusts to vest or terminate no later than, or operates in any similar fashion upon the later of:
     (a) the expiration of a period of time that exceeds 21 years or that exceeds or might exceed 21 years after the death of the survivor of lives in being at the creation of the trust or other property arrangement; or
     (b) the death of, or the expiration of a period not exceeding 21 years after the death of, the survivor of specified lives in being at the creation of the trust or other property arrangement, then the portion of the clause pertaining to the period of time that exceeds 21 years or that exceeds or might exceed 21 years after the death of the survivor of lives in being at the creation of the trust or other property arrangement must be disregarded, and the clause operates upon the death of, or upon the expiration of the period not exceeding 21 years after the death of, the survivor of the specified lives in being at the creation of the trust or other property arrangement.

     History: En. Sec. 2, Ch. 250, L. 1989; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 26, L. 1991; Sec. 70-1-802, MCA 1991; redes. 72-2-1002 by Code Commissioner, 1993.

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