House Bill No. 327
Introduced By _______________________________________________________________________________
A Bill for an Act entitled: "An Act providing that the taking and results of a drug test imposed as a condition of probation are admissible in a proceeding in which the youth is alleged to have possessed dangerous drugs; allowing a youth 16 years of age or more to be tried as an adult for criminal possession of dangerous drugs; changing from 21 to 16 the age at which a person convicted of possession of dangerous drugs for the first time is presumed to be entitled to a deferred incarceration sentence; providing that the convicted person pay the maximum fine allowable for possession of dangerous drugs; and amending sections 41-5-206 and 45-9-102, MCA."
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Montana:
NEW SECTION. Section 1. Failure of drug test imposed as condition of probation -- use in evidence. If testing for drugs is imposed as a condition of probation under 41-5-401, 41-5-523, or 41-5-524, the taking and results of the test are admissible in evidence in a youth court proceeding in which the youth is alleged to have violated 45-9-102 or in a criminal proceeding for violation of 45-9-102 if the youth is transferred to the district court for trial as an adult.
Section 2. Section 41-5-206, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-206. Transfer to criminal court prior to prosecution. (1) After a petition has been filed alleging delinquency, the court may, upon motion of the county attorney, before hearing the petition on its merits, transfer the matter of prosecution to the district court if:
(a) (i) the youth charged was 12 years of age or more at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act would constitute sexual intercourse without consent as defined in 45-5-503, deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-102, mitigated deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-103, or the attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of either deliberate or mitigated deliberate homicide if the act had been committed by an adult; or
(ii) the youth charged was 16 years of age or more at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act is one or more of the following:
(A) negligent homicide as defined in 45-5-104;
(B) arson as defined in 45-6-103;
(C) aggravated or felony assault as defined in 45-5-202;
(D) robbery as defined in 45-5-401;
(E) burglary or aggravated burglary as defined in 45-6-204;
(F) aggravated kidnapping as defined in 45-5-303;
(G) possession of explosives as defined in 45-8-335;
(H) criminal sale of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-101;
(I) criminal possession of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-102;
(I)(J) criminal production or manufacture of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-110; (J)(K) attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of any of the acts enumerated in subsections (1)(a)(ii)(A) through (1)(a)(ii)(I)
(b) a hearing on whether the transfer should be made is held in conformity with the rules on a hearing on a petition alleging delinquency, except that the hearing must be conducted by the youth court without a jury;
(c) notice in writing of the time, place, and purpose of the hearing is given to the youth, the youth's counsel, and the youth's parents, guardian, or custodian at least 10 days before the hearing; and
(d) the court finds upon the hearing of all relevant evidence that there is probable cause to believe that:
(i) the youth committed the delinquent act alleged;
(ii) the seriousness of the offense and the protection of the community require treatment of the youth beyond that afforded by juvenile facilities; and
(iii) the alleged offense was committed in an aggressive, violent, or premeditated manner.
(2) In transferring the matter of prosecution to the district court, the court may also consider the following factors:
(a) the sophistication and maturity of the youth, determined by consideration of the youth's home, environmental situation, and emotional attitude and pattern of living;
(b) the record and previous history of the youth, including previous contacts with the youth court, law enforcement agencies, and youth courts in other jurisdictions, prior periods of probation, and prior commitments to juvenile institutions. However, lack of a prior juvenile history with youth courts is not of itself grounds for denying the transfer.
(3) The court shall grant the motion to transfer if the youth was 16 years old or older at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act would constitute deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-102, mitigated deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-103, or the attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of either deliberate or mitigated deliberate homicide if the act had been committed by an adult.
(4) Upon transfer to district court, the judge shall make written findings of the reasons why the jurisdiction of the youth court was waived and the case transferred to district court.
(5) The transfer terminates the jurisdiction of the youth court over the youth with respect to the acts alleged in the petition. A youth may not be prosecuted in the district court for a criminal offense originally subject to the jurisdiction of the youth court unless the case has been transferred as provided in this section. A case may be transferred to district court after prosecution as provided in 41-5-208 or 41-5-1105.
(6) Upon order of the youth court transferring the case to the district court under subsection (5), the county attorney shall file the information against the youth without unreasonable delay.
(7) Any offense not enumerated in subsection (1) that arises during the commission of a crime enumerated in subsection (1) may be:
(a) tried in youth court;
(b) transferred to district court with an offense enumerated in subsection (1), upon motion of the county attorney and order of the youth court judge.
(8) If a youth is found guilty in district court of any of the offenses transferred by the youth court and is sentenced to the state prison, the commitment must be to the department of corrections. The department shall confine the youth in whatever institution that it considers proper, including a state youth correctional facility under the procedures of 52-5-111. However, a youth under 16 years of age may not be confined in the state prison.
(9) A youth whose case is transferred to district court may not be detained or otherwise placed in a jail or other adult detention facility before final disposition of the youth's case unless:
(a) alternative facilities do not provide adequate security; and
(b) the youth is kept in an area that provides physical, as well as sight and sound, separation from adults accused or convicted of criminal offenses."
Section 3. Section 45-9-102, MCA, is amended to read:
"45-9-102. Criminal possession of dangerous drugs. (1) A person commits the offense of criminal possession of
dangerous drugs if
he the person possesses any dangerous drug, as defined in 50-32-101.
(2) A person convicted of criminal possession of marijuana or its derivatives in an amount the aggregate weight of which does not exceed 60 grams of marijuana or 1 gram of hashish is, for the first offense, guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 or more than $500 and by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than 6 months. The minimum fine must be imposed as a condition of a suspended or deferred sentence. A person convicted of a second or subsequent offense under this subsection is punishable by a fine not to exceed $1,000 or imprisonment in the county jail for a term not to exceed 1 year or in the state prison for a term not to exceed 3 years or both such fine and imprisonment.
(3) A person convicted of criminal possession of an anabolic steroid as listed in 50-32-226 is, for the first offense, guilty of
a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not less than $100 or more than $500,
or by imprisonment in the county
jail for not more than 6 months, or both.
(4) A person convicted of criminal possession of an opiate, as defined in 50-32-101(19), shall be imprisoned in the state prison for a term of not less than 2 years or more than 5 years and may be fined not more than $50,000, except as provided in 46-18-222.
(5) A person convicted of criminal possession of dangerous drugs not otherwise provided for in subsection (2), (3), or (4) shall be imprisoned in the state prison for a term not to exceed 5 years or be fined an amount not to exceed $50,000, or both.
(6) A person of the age of
21 16 years or under convicted of a first violation under this section is presumed to be entitled to
a deferred imposition of sentence of imprisonment, but the maximum fine allowable for the offense must be imposed and
the youth is solely responsible for payment of the fine.
(7) Ultimate users and practitioners and agents under their supervision acting in the course of a professional practice, as defined by 50-32-101, are exempt from this section."
NEW SECTION. Section 4. Codification instruction. [Section 1] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 41, chapter 5, part 1, and the provisions of Title 41, chapter 5, apply to [section 1].