House Bill No. 519
Introduced By wyatt
A Bill for an Act entitled: An Act allowing an advanced practice registered nurse that is a nurse practitioner or a clinical nurse specialist to provide services as a treating provider and a primary care provider under the workers' compensation act; and amending section 39-71-116, MCA.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Montana:
Section 1. Section 39-71-116, MCA, is amended to read:
"39-71-116. Definitions. Unless the context otherwise requires, words and phrases used in this chapter have the following meanings:
(1) "Actual wage loss" means that the wages that a worker earns or is qualified to earn after the worker reaches maximum healing are less than the actual wages the worker received at the time of the injury.
(2) "Administer and pay" includes all actions by the state fund under the Workers' Compensation Act and the Occupational Disease Act of Montana necessary to:
(a) investigation, review, and settlement of claims;
(b) payment of benefits;
(c) setting of reserves;
(d) furnishing of services and facilities; and
(e) use of actuarial, audit, accounting, vocational rehabilitation, and legal services.
(3) "Aid or sustenance" means any public or private subsidy made to provide a means of support, maintenance, or subsistence for the recipient.
(4) "Average weekly wage" means the mean weekly earnings of all employees under covered employment, as defined and established annually by the department. It is established at the nearest whole dollar number and must be adopted by the department prior to July 1 of each year.
(5) "Beneficiary" means:
(a) a surviving spouse living with or legally entitled to be supported by the deceased at the time of injury;
(b) an unmarried child under 18 years of age;
(c) an unmarried child under 22 years of age who is a full-time student in an accredited school or is enrolled in an accredited apprenticeship program;
(d) an invalid child over 18 years of age who is dependent upon the decedent for support at the time of injury;
(e) a parent who is dependent upon the decedent for support at the time of the injury if a beneficiary, as defined in subsections (5)(a) through (5)(d), does not exist; and
(f) a brother or sister under 18 years of age if dependent upon the decedent for support at the time of the injury but only until the age of 18 years and only when a beneficiary, as defined in subsections (5)(a) through (5)(e), does not exist.
(6) "Casual employment" means employment not in the usual course of the trade, business, profession, or occupation of the employer.
(7) "Child" includes a posthumous child, a dependent stepchild, and a child legally adopted prior to the injury.
(8) "Construction industry" means the major group of general contractors and operative builders, heavy construction (other than building construction) contractors, and special trade contractors, listed in major groups 15 through 17 in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual. The term does not include office workers, design professionals, salespersons, estimators, or any other related employment that is not directly involved on a regular basis in the provision of physical labor at a construction or renovation site.
(9) "Days" means calendar days, unless otherwise specified.
(10) "Department" means the department of labor and industry.
(11) "Fiscal year" means the period of time between July 1 and the succeeding June 30.
(12) "Household or domestic employment" means employment of persons other than members of the household for the purpose of tending to the aid and comfort of the employer or members of the employer's family, including but not limited to housecleaning and yard work, but does not include employment beyond the scope of normal household or domestic duties, such as home health care or domiciliary care.
(13) "Insurer" means an employer bound by compensation plan No. 1, an insurance company transacting business under compensation plan No. 2, or the state fund under compensation plan No. 3.
(14) "Invalid" means one who is physically or mentally incapacitated.
(15) "Limited liability company" is as defined in 35-8-102.
(16) "Maintenance care" means treatment designed to provide the optimum state of health while minimizing recurrence of the clinical status.
(17) "Medical stability", "maximum healing", or "maximum medical healing" means a point in the healing process when further material improvement would not be reasonably expected from primary medical treatment.
(18) "Objective medical findings" means medical evidence, including range of motion, atrophy, muscle strength, muscle spasm, or other diagnostic evidence, substantiated by clinical findings.
(19) "Order" means any decision, rule, direction, requirement, or standard of the department or any other determination arrived at or decision made by the department.
(20) "Palliative care" means treatment designed to reduce or ease symptoms without curing the underlying cause of the symptoms.
(21) "Payroll", "annual payroll", or "annual payroll for the preceding year" means the average annual payroll of the employer for the preceding calendar year or, if the employer has not operated a sufficient or any length of time during the calendar year, 12 times the average monthly payroll for the current year. However, an estimate may be made by the department for any employer starting in business if average payrolls are not available. This estimate must be adjusted by additional payment by the employer or refund by the department, as the case may actually be, on December 31 of the current year. An employer's payroll must be computed by calculating all wages, as defined in 39-71-123, that are paid by an employer.
(22) "Permanent partial disability" means a physical condition in which a worker, after reaching maximum medical healing:
(a) has a permanent impairment established by objective medical findings;
(b) is able to return to work in some capacity but the permanent impairment impairs the worker's ability to work; and
(c) has an actual wage loss as a result of the injury.
(23) "Permanent total disability" means a physical condition resulting from injury as defined in this chapter, after a worker reaches maximum medical healing, in which a worker does not have a reasonable prospect of physically performing regular employment. Regular employment means work on a recurring basis performed for remuneration in a trade, business, profession, or other occupation in this state. Lack of immediate job openings is not a factor to be considered in determining if a worker is permanently totally disabled.
(24) The "plant of the employer" includes the place of business of a third person while the employer has access to or control over the place of business for the purpose of carrying on the employer's usual trade, business, or occupation.
(25) "Primary medical services" means treatment prescribed by a treating
physician physician, for conditions resulting from
the injury, necessary for achieving medical stability.
(26) "Public corporation" means the state or any county, municipal corporation, school district, city, city under a commission form of government or special charter, town, or village.
(27) "Reasonably safe place to work" means that the place of employment has been made as free from danger to the life or safety of the employee as the nature of the employment will reasonably permit.
(28) "Reasonably safe tools and appliances" are tools and appliances that are adapted to and that are reasonably safe for use for the particular purpose for which they are furnished.
(29) (a) "Secondary medical services" means those medical services or appliances that are considered not medically necessary for medical stability. The services and appliances include but are not limited to spas or hot tubs, work hardening, physical restoration programs and other restoration programs designed to address disability and not impairment, or equipment offered by individuals, clinics, groups, hospitals, or rehabilitation facilities.
(b) (i) As used in this subsection (29), "disability" means a condition in which a worker's ability to engage in gainful employment is diminished as a result of physical restrictions resulting from an injury. The restrictions may be combined with factors, such as the worker's age, education, work history, and other factors that affect the worker's ability to engage in gainful employment.
(ii) Disability does not mean a purely medical condition.
(30) "Sole proprietor" means the person who has the exclusive legal right or title to or ownership of a business enterprise.
(31) "Temporary partial disability" means a physical condition resulting from an injury, as defined in 39-71-119, in which a worker, prior to maximum healing:
(a) is temporarily unable to return to the position held at the time of injury because of a medically determined physical restriction;
(b) returns to work in a modified or alternative employment; and
(c) suffers a partial wage loss.
(32) "Temporary service contractor" means a person, firm, association, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation conducting business that hires its own employees and assigns them to clients to fill a work assignment with a finite ending date to support or supplement the client's workforce in situations resulting from employee absences, skill shortages, seasonal workloads, and special assignments and projects.
(33) "Temporary total disability" means a physical condition resulting from an injury, as defined in this chapter, that results in total loss of wages and exists until the injured worker reaches maximum medical healing.
(34) "Temporary worker" means a worker whose services are furnished to another on a part-time or temporary basis to fill a work assignment with a finite ending date to support or supplement a workforce in situations resulting from employee absences, skill shortages, seasonal workloads, and special assignments and projects.
physician" physician" means a person who is primarily responsible for the treatment of a worker's
compensable injury and is:
(a) a physician licensed by the state of Montana under Title 37, chapter 3, and has admitting privileges to practice in one or more hospitals, if any, in the area where the physician is located;
(b) a chiropractor licensed by the state of Montana under Title 37, chapter 12;
(c) a physician assistant-certified licensed by the state of Montana under Title 37, chapter 20, if there is not a physician, as defined in subsection (35)(a), in the area where the physician assistant-certified is located;
(d) an osteopath licensed by the state of Montana under Title 37, chapter 5;
(e) a dentist licensed by the state of Montana under Title 37, chapter 4; or
(f) an advanced practice registered nurse licensed by the state of Montana under Title 37, chapter 8, recognized by the board of nursing as a nurse practitioner or a clinical nurse specialist, and practicing in consultation with a physician licensed under Title 37, chapter 3, if there is not a treating physician, as defined in subsection (35)(a), in the area in which the advanced practice registered nurse is located.
(36) "Year", unless otherwise specified, means calendar year."