Senate Bill No. 313
Introduced By _______________________________________________________________________________
A Bill for an Act entitled: "An Act generally revising the laws relating to the Montana university system; allowing a public school teacher to receive compensation from a college or university for supervising student teachers while employed by a public school district; adding a member to the student loan advisory council; changing the date by which a community college must submit its budget to the board of regents; changing the residency requirement for montana high school graduates seeking admission to the montana university system; making changes to the guaranteed student loan program to reflect changes in federal regulations; removing the statutory limitations on building fees; removing the date by which Montana educational telecommunications network (METNET) fees must be deposited with the commissioner of higher education; amending sections 2-2-104, 2-15-1520, 17-8-306, 20-15-312, 20-25-302, 20-25-503, 20-26-103, 20-26-1101, 20-26-1102, 20-26-1103, 20-26-1104, 20-26-1105, 20-26-1106, 20-26-1107, and 20-32-103, MCA; and providing an effective date."
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Montana:
Section 1. Section 2-2-104, MCA, is amended to read:
"2-2-104. Rules of conduct for public officers, legislators, and public employees. (1) Proof of commission of any act enumerated in this section is proof that the actor has breached the actor's public duty. A public officer, legislator, or public employee may not:
(a) disclose or use confidential information acquired in the course of official duties in order to further substantially the individual's personal economic interests; or
(b) accept a gift of substantial value or a substantial economic benefit tantamount to a gift:
(i) that would tend improperly to influence a reasonable person in the person's position to depart from the faithful and impartial discharge of the person's public duties; or
(ii) that the person knows or that a reasonable person in that position should know under the circumstances is primarily for the purpose of rewarding the person for official action taken.
(2) An economic benefit tantamount to a gift includes without limitation a loan at a rate of interest substantially lower than the commercial rate then currently prevalent for similar loans and compensation received for private services rendered at a rate substantially exceeding the fair market value of the services. Campaign contributions reported as required by statute are not gifts or economic benefits tantamount to gifts.
(3) (a) Except as provided in subsection (3)(b), a public officer, legislator, or public employee may not receive salaries from two separate public employment positions that overlap for the hours being compensated, unless:
(i) the public officer, legislator, or public employee reimburses the public entity from which the employee is absent for the salary paid for performing the function from which the officer, legislator, or employee is absent; or
(ii) the public officer's, legislator's, or public employee's salary from one employer is reduced by the amount of salary received from the other public employer in order to avoid duplicate compensation for the overlapping hours.
(b) Subsection (3)(a) does not prohibit:
(i) a public officer, legislator, or public employee from receiving income from the use of accrued leave or compensatory time during the period of overlapping employment; or
(ii) a public school teacher from receiving payment from a college or university for the supervision of student teachers who are enrolled in a teacher education program at the college or university if the supervision is performed concurrently with the school teacher's duties for a public school district.
(c) In order to determine compliance with this subsection (3), a public officer, legislator, or public employee subject to this subsection (3) shall disclose the amounts received from the two separate public employment positions to the commissioner of political practices."
Section 2. Section 2-15-1520, MCA, is amended to read:
Guaranteed student Student loan advisory council -- terms -- compensation. (1) There is a student loan
advisory council appointed by the board of regents.
(2) The council consists of
seven eight members. Each member must be appointed for a term of 3 years.
(3) Appointments to the council must conform to the following requirements:
(a) One member must be a representative of a private eligible educational institution, as defined in 20-26-1101.
(b) Two members must be representatives of a public eligible educational institution, as defined in 20-26-1101.
(c) Two members must be representatives of approved lenders.
(d) One member must be a full-time student registered at an eligible educational institution, as defined in 20-26-1101.
(e) One member, nonvoting, must be a representative of the office of the commissioner of higher education.
(f) One member must be a representative of the nonprofit corporation designated by the governor as the sole and exclusive nonprofit corporation in the state to provide a student loan acquisition program.
(4) A presiding officer must be selected by the council from its membership at the first meeting of each fiscal year.
(5) Each member of the council is entitled to compensation and reimbursement for travel expenses as provided in 2-15-122(5)."
Section 3. Section 17-8-306, MCA, is amended to read:
"17-8-306. Issuance of duplicate warrant. (1) The state treasurer may issue a duplicate warrant whenever any warrant drawn by the state is lost or destroyed. This duplicate warrant must be in the same form as the original, except that it must have plainly printed across its face the word "duplicate". A duplicate warrant may not be issued or delivered unless the person entitled to receive it deposits with the state treasurer a bond in double the amount for which the duplicate warrant is issued indemnifying the state and its officers and employees from any loss resulting from the issuance of the duplicate warrant.
(2) A bond of indemnity is not required when:
(a) the payee is the United States government, a state of the United States, any agency, instrumentality, or officer of the
United States government or of a state, county, city, city and county, town, district, or other political subdivision of a state
or any officer
thereof of a political subdivision;
(b) the owner or custodian is the state of Montana or
any an agency or officer of the state;
(c) the owner or custodian is a bank, savings and loan association, admitted insurer, or trust company whose financial condition is regulated by the United States government or by the state of Montana;
(d) the state treasurer has chosen to waive the requirement upon receipt of evidence that the original warrant has been lost or destroyed as a result of a disaster or other major occurrence;
(e) the amount of the lost or destroyed warrant is less than $300;
(f) it can be established that a crime has been committed and that as a result a Montana warrant has been stolen or destroyed;
(g) it can be established that a Montana warrant has been mailed to an incorrect payee;
(h) the payee is a vendor or contractor doing business with the state of Montana;
(i) the payee is a recipient of public assistance under Title 53;
(j) the payee is a recipient of a monthly annuity under Title 19;
(k) the payee is a recipient of student financial assistance administered or insured by the
guaranteed student loan program
pursuant to Title 20, chapter 26; or
(l) a state agency approves the issuance of the duplicate warrant and agrees to assume the risk of the original warrant being cashed.
(3) Whenever the owner or custodian applies under the provisions of subsection (2)(d), (2)(f), (2)(g), (2)(h), (2)(i), (2)(j), (2)(k), or (2)(l), a stop-payment order must be placed on the original warrant by the state treasurer.
(4) Whenever the owner or custodian applies under the provisions of subsection (2)(c), (2)(d), (2)(e), (2)(f), (2)(g), (2)(h), (2)(i), (2)(j), (2)(k), or (2)(l), the application must include an agreement to indemnify the state and its officers and employees from any loss resulting from the issuance of a duplicate warrant. Any loss incurred in connection with the issuance of a duplicate warrant must be charged against the account from which the payment was derived."
Section 4. Section 20-15-312, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-15-312. Calculation and approval of operating budget. (1) Annually by
June 15 September 1, the board of trustees
of a community college shall submit an operating budget to the board of regents for their review. The operating budget of
the community college must be financed in the following manner:
(a) The general fund appropriation must represent a specific percentage of the budget amount per full-time equivalent student, as determined by the legislature. This percentage must be specified in the appropriations act appropriating funds to the community colleges for each biennium. This percentage does not apply to any portion of the unrestricted budget in excess of the budget amount per full-time equivalent student, as determined by the legislature.
(b) The mandatory levy amount must represent a specific percentage of the budget amount per full-time equivalent student, as determined by the legislature. This percentage must be specified for each community college by the board of trustees of the district and approved by the board of regents.
(c) The funding obtained in subsections (1)(a) and (1)(b) plus the revenue derived from tuition and fee schedules approved by the board of regents and unrestricted income from any other source is the amount of the unrestricted budget. A detailed expenditure schedule for the unrestricted budget must be submitted to the board of regents for their review and approval.
(d) The amount estimated to be raised by the voted levy must be detailed separately in an expenditure schedule.
(e) The spending of each restricted funding source
shall must be detailed separately in an expenditure schedule.
(f) The expenditure schedules provided in subsections (1)(c) through (1)(e) represent the total operating budget of the community college.
(2) The board of regents shall review the proposed total operating budget and all its components and make any changes it determines necessary. The board of trustees of a community college district shall operate within the limits of the operating budget approved by the board of regents."
Section 5. Section 20-25-302, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-25-302. Revenue-producing facilities -- powers of regents. The regents of the Montana university system may:
(1) purchase, construct, equip, or improve, at any unit of the Montana university system, any of the following types of revenue-producing facilities:
(b) residence halls, dormitories, houses, apartments, and other housing facilities;
(c) dining rooms and halls, restaurants, cafeterias, and other food service facilities;
(d) student union buildings and facilities; and
(e) those other facilities specifically authorized by joint resolution of the legislature;
(2) rent housing facilities and provide food and other services to the students, officers, guests, and employees of the unit at
rates that will ensure a reasonable net income over operating expenses and will provide for debt service and reserves and
provide for the collection of charges, admissions, and fees for the use of other facilities by students and other persons
which The charges, admissions, and fees shall are not be deemed to be considered tuition within the meaning of 20-25-421
and may be collected from any or all students. Student building fees established and in effect on January 1, 1965, which are
imposed uniformly upon all students or upon all of a specified class of students in attendance at any unit of the Montana
university system shall not be increased without authorization by law unless absolutely necessary and then only to the
extent necessary to pay principal or interest due on obligations for which such fees have been or shall be pledged or to
maintain reserves securing the payment of such obligations in accordance with the indentures, resolutions, contracts, or
other instruments authorizing the issuance of such obligations; provided that at any unit of the Montana university system
where the aggregate amount of student building fees in effect on January 1, 1965, was less than $50 per student per
academic year, such fees may be increased or additional student building fees may be established to an aggregate amount
not exceeding $50 per student per academic year and provided further that additional student building fees may be
established or existing student building fees may be increased at the university of Montana-Missoula to an aggregate
amount not to exceed $90 per student per academic year. This limitation shall not affect admission or use charges which are
made to individual students or others in proportion to their use or occupancy of particular facilities or services and shall not
affect any student building fees or other charges which are made pursuant to 20-25-421 for nonresident students.
(3) hold the net income derived from the operation of
such the facilities and the charges, admissions, and fees so collected
and devote the revenues revenue from these sources to debt service and reserves, repairs, replacements, and betterments of
the facilities or, so far as such the revenues have revenue has not been previously obligated for these purposes, to the
acquisition, erection, equipping, enlarging, or improvement of additional facilities of the types described in this section;
(4) exercise full control and complete management of
such the facilities;
(5) rent the facilities to other public or private persons, firms, and corporations for
such uses, at such times, for such
periods, and at such rates as in the regents' judgment will be consistent with the full use thereof of the facilities for
academic purposes and will add to the revenues revenue available for capital costs and debt service;
(6) do all things necessary to plan for and propose financing, including all necessary loan applications, for:
(a) classroom, laboratory, library, bookstore, and other instructional facilities;
(b) office, recordkeeping, storage, equipment maintenance, and other administrative and operational facilities;
(c) stadiums, fieldhouses, armories, arenas, gymnasiums, swimming pools, and other facilities for athletic and military instruction, exhibitions, games, and contests;
(d) auditoriums, theaters, music halls, and other assembly, theatrical, musical, and entertainment facilities;
(e) hospital, nursing, and other health instruction and service facilities;
(f) nurseries, barns, arenas, pavilions, and other facilities for agricultural and livestock breeding, development, and exhibition;
(g) parking lots and ramps and other parking facilities; and
(h) land needed for
such the facilities."
Section 6. Section 20-25-503, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-25-503. Presumptions and rules as to domicile. (1) Unless the contrary appears to the unit registering authority, it is presumed the domicile of a minor is that:
(a) of the parents or, if one of them is deceased or they do not share the same domicile, of the parent having legal custody or, if neither parent has legal custody, the parent with whom the minor customarily resides; or
(b) of the minor's guardian when the court appointing the guardian certifies that the primary purpose of the appointment is not to qualify the minor as a resident of this state.
(2) A resident student who marries a nonresident does not by that fact alone lose resident status for tuition and fee purposes for a period of 4 years after marriage.
(3) Residence is not lost because of relocation as a member of the armed forces of the United States.
(4) A new domicile is established by a qualified person if the person is physically present in Montana with no intention to acquire a domicile outside of Montana.
(5) Domicile is not lost by absence from Montana with no intention to establish a new domicile.
(6) Montana high school graduates who are citizens or resident aliens of the United States are resident students of the system for 4 consecutive years of attendance if:
(a) they apply for admittance to the system within 1 year after graduation;
(b) their parents or the parent having legal custody or, if neither parent has legal custody, the parent with whom they customarily reside has resided in Montana in one of the 2 years immediately preceding the graduation.
(7) Upon moving to Montana, an adult employed on a full-time basis within the state of Montana may apply for in-state tuition classification for the adult's spouse or any dependent minor child, or both. If the person meets the requirement of full-time employment within the state of Montana and files for the payment of Montana state income taxes or files estimates of those taxes or is subject to withholding of those taxes and renounces residency in any other state and is not in the state primarily as a student, the person's spouse or any dependent minor child, or both, may at the next registration after qualifying be classified at the in-state rate so long as the person continues a Montana domicile. In the administration of this subsection, neither the full-time employee or spouse is eligible for in-state tuition classification if the primary purpose for coming to Montana was the education of the employee or spouse."
Section 7. Section 20-26-103, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-26-103. Definitions. As used in parts 1 and 2, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Postsecondary institution" includes the units of the university system and any postsecondary institution accredited or licensed under chapter 30 of this title.
(2) "Program advisory council" means the
guaranteed student loan advisory council created by 2-15-1520.
(3) "Resident student" means a person who was a resident of Montana prior to enrolling and who is attending a qualified postsecondary institution within Montana."
Section 8. Section 20-26-1101, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-26-1101. Definitions. As used in this part, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following definitions apply:
"Board" means the board of regents of higher education. (2) "Corporation" "Agency" means the corporation entity designated by the board to administer student loans.
(2) "Board" means the board of regents of higher education.
(3) "Council" means the
guaranteed student loan advisory council established in 2-15-1520.
(4) "Eligible educational institution" means any institution approved by the United States
commissioner secretary of
education as eligible to participate in the guaranteed student loan program pursuant to Title IV of the Higher Education Act
of 1965, as amended.
(5) "Eligible lender" means any lender as defined under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended.
(5)(6) "Guaranteed student "Student loan program" means the program established by the board pursuant to this part."
Section 9. Section 20-26-1102, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-26-1102. Authorization to establish
guaranteed student loan program. (1) The board may establish and contract
for the operation of a guaranteed student loan program for the purpose of making to make available to students improved
opportunities for education by guaranteeing loans in accordance with applicable federal law to persons attending or
accepted for enrollment at an eligible educational institution.
(2) The board is designated as the state representative for receiving federal, public, or private money that is now or will be
made available under any act of the congress of the United States or otherwise for purposes of
the guaranteed a student loan
Section 10. Section 20-26-1103, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-26-1103. Duties of the board. In discharging its duties in relation to the
guaranteed student loan program, the board
(1) act as guarantor and administrator on loans of money, upon terms and conditions as the board may prescribe, to assist persons attending or accepted for enrollment at an eligible educational institution to meet their educational expenses;
(2) approve financial or credit institutions
, insurance companies, or other lenders as eligible lenders upon their meeting the
standards established by the board for making guaranteed student loans;
(3) incur and discharge debts, including defaulted loan obligations that have been guaranteed by the board;
(4) make and execute agreements, contracts, and other instruments with any public or private person or agency, including
the United States
commissioner secretary of education, for the administration of the guaranteed student loan program;
contract with a corporation provide for the operation of the guaranteed student loan program to provide conduct loan
approval processing, essential and special loan servicing, preclaims assistance, supplemental preclaims assistance, claim
processing and collections, and other services that would promote lender and school participation and loan availability to
(6) perform any other duties necessary for the administration of the
guaranteed student loan program."
Section 11. Section 20-26-1104, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-26-1104. Student loan advisory council -- duties. The council shall:
(1) advise the board on policies, rules, and procedures necessary for accomplishing the provisions of this part; and
(2) make recommendations to the board concerning the designation of a corporation; (3)(2) monitor the corporation program to assure ensure that both the students, schools, and lenders are adequately served ;
and (4) advise on the adequacy and proper execution of any contracts entered into between the board and the corporation."
Section 12. Section 20-26-1105, MCA, is amended to read:
Guaranteed student Student loan account. (1) There is a guaranteed student loan account within the
federal special revenue fund provided for in 17-2-102.
(2) The board shall credit to the account established in subsection (1) all money designated for the
guaranteed student loan
program by the United States or by any other public or private source. All expenses incurred by the board in connection
with the guaranteed student loan program, including principal and interest payments required because of loan defaults, must
be charged against the account.
(3) Money in the account not needed to meet current obligations of the board in the exercise of its responsibilities as guarantor and administrator, as provided for in this part, must be invested in accordance with the provisions of Title 17, chapter 6. Interest proceeds must be credited to the account.
(4) Money on deposit in the
guaranteed student loan account shall may not revert to the general fund at the close of any
Section 13. Section 20-26-1106, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-26-1106. No state obligation. The legislature is not obligated to appropriate any money to pay for
loan defaults. For the purpose of the guaranteed student loan program, neither the board nor the nonprofit corporation
agency may obligate the credit of the state."
Section 14. Section 20-26-1107, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-26-1107. Dissolution -- disposition of money. (1) The
guaranteed student loan program may not be dissolved until
all contractual obligations have been satisfied and all loans guaranteed have been paid by the borrower or, if in default, by
the board or have been otherwise accounted for under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended.
(2) Upon dissolution of the program or the cessation of the program's activities, all property and money of the board
relating to the
guaranteed student loan program not refundable to the federal government as provided by law vest in the
state and shall must be credited to the general fund."
Section 15. Section 20-32-103, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-32-103. Fee collection and disposition for operational costs. As a condition of participation in the network, the
Montana university system and community colleges shall collect from appropriate discretionary funds in a manner
approved by the board of regents an amount not to exceed $5 for each full-time equivalent student enrolled in the units or
colleges. The funds collected must be deposited with the commissioner of higher education
by July 1 for the purposes of
20-32-102(4). The commissioner of higher education shall pay the department of administration the commissioner's share
of the network costs."
NEW SECTION. Section 16. Effective date. [This act] is effective July 1, 1997.