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SENATE BILL NO. 54
INTRODUCED BY M. HALLIGAN
BY REQUEST OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS
AN ACT GENERALLY REVISING THE YOUTH COURT ACT; GRANTING GREATER AUTHORITY OVER CERTAIN JUVENILES TO THE DISTRICT COURT; GRANTING THE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AUTHORITY TO DETERMINE AN EMERGENCY CAPACITY FOR STATE YOUTH CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES AND SYSTEMS; CREATING THE CRIMINALLY CONVICTED YOUTH ACT GRANTING ADDITIONAL DUE PROCESS TO JUVENILE CRIMINAL OFFENDERS; AMENDING SECTIONS 41-5-103, 41-5-121, 41-5-206, 41-5-332, 41-5-348, 41-5-1301, 41-5-1302, 41-5-1415, 41-5-1501, 41-5-1503, 41-5-1513, 41-5-1803, 46-24-211, AND 52-5-129, MCA.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 41-5-103, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-103. Definitions. As used in the Montana Youth Court Act, unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Adult" means an individual who is 18 years of age or older.
(2) "Agency" means any entity of state or local government authorized by law to be responsible for the care or rehabilitation of youth.
(3) "Assessment officer" means a person who is authorized by the court to provide initial intake and evaluation for a youth who appears to be in need of intervention or an alleged delinquent youth.
(4) "Commit" means to transfer to legal custody.
(5) "Correctional facility" means a public or private residential facility used for the placement of delinquent youth or individuals convicted of criminal offenses.
(6) "Court", when used without further qualification, means the youth court of the district court.
(7) "Criminally convicted youth" means a youth who has been convicted in a district court pursuant to 41-5-206.
(7)(8) "Custodian" means a person, other than a parent or guardian, to whom legal custody of the youth has been given
but does not include a person who has only physical custody. (8)(9) "Delinquent youth" means a youth who is adjudicated under formal proceedings under the Montana Youth Court
Act as a youth:
(a) who has committed an offense that, if committed by an adult, would constitute a criminal offense; or
(b) who has been placed on probation as a delinquent youth or a youth in need of intervention and who has violated any condition of probation.
(9)(10) "Department" means the department of corrections provided for in 2-15-2301. (10)(11) "Detention" means the holding or temporary placement of a youth in the youth's home under home arrest or in a
facility other than the youth's own home for:
(a) the purpose of ensuring the continued custody of the youth at any time after the youth is taken into custody and
before final disposition of the youth's case;
(b) contempt of court or violation of a valid court order; or
(c) violation of a youth parole agreement.
(11)(12) "Detention facility" means a physically restricting facility designed to prevent a youth from departing at will.
The term includes a youth detention facility, short-term detention center, and regional detention facility. (12)(13) "Family" means the parents, guardians, legal custodians, and siblings or other youth with whom a youth
ordinarily lives. (13)(14) "Final disposition" means the implementation of a court order for the disposition or placement of a youth as
provided in 41-5-1422, 41-5-1503, 41-5-1504, 41-5-1512, 41-5-1513, and 41-5-1522 through 41-5-1525. (14)(15) "Foster home" means a private residence licensed by the department of public health and human services for
placement of a youth. (15)(16) "Guardian" means an adult:
(a) who is responsible for a youth and has the reciprocal rights, duties, and responsibilities with the youth; and
(b) whose status is created and defined by law.
(16)(17) "Habitual truancy" means recorded absences of 10 days or more of unexcused absences in a semester or
absences without prior written approval of a parent or a guardian. (17)(18) "Holdover" means a room, office, building, or other place approved by the board of crime control for the
temporary detention and supervision of youth in a physically unrestricting setting for a period not to exceed 24 hours while
the youth is awaiting a probable cause hearing, release, or transfer to an appropriate detention or shelter care facility. The
term does not include a jail. (18)(19) "Jail" means a facility used for the confinement of adults accused or convicted of criminal offenses. The term
includes a lockup or other facility used primarily for the temporary confinement of adults after arrest but does not include a
collocated juvenile detention facility that complies with 28 CFR, part 31. (19)(20) "Judge", when used without further qualification, means the judge of the youth court. (20)(21) (a) "Legal custody" means the legal status created by order of a court of competent jurisdiction that gives a
person the right and duty to:
(i) have physical custody of the youth;
(ii) determine with whom the youth shall live and for what period;
(iii) protect, train, and discipline the youth; and
(iv) provide the youth with food, shelter, education, and ordinary medical care.
(b) An individual granted legal custody of a youth shall personally exercise the individual's rights and duties as guardian unless otherwise authorized by the court entering the order.
(21)(22) "Necessary parties" includes the youth and the youth's parents, guardian, custodian, or spouse. (22)(23) "Parent" means the natural or adoptive parent but does not include a person whose parental rights have been
judicially terminated, nor does it include the putative father of an illegitimate youth unless the putative father's paternity is
established by an adjudication or by other clear and convincing proof. (23)(24) "Probable cause hearing" means the hearing provided for in 41-5-332. (24)(25) "Regional detention facility" means a youth detention facility established and maintained by two or more
counties, as authorized in 41-5-1804. (25)(26) "Restitution" means payments in cash to the victim or with services to the victim or the general community
when these payments are made pursuant to a consent adjustment, consent decree, or other youth court order. (26)(27) "Running away from home" means that a youth has been reported to have run away from home without the
consent of a parent or guardian or a custodian having legal custody of the youth. (27)(28) "Secure detention facility" means a public or private facility that:
(a) is used for the temporary placement of youth or individuals accused or convicted of criminal offenses or as a sanction for contempt of court, violation of a parole agreement, or violation of a valid court order; and
(b) is designed to physically restrict the movements and activities of youth or other individuals held in lawful custody of the facility.
(28)(29) "Serious juvenile offender" means a youth who has committed an offense that would be considered a felony
offense if committed by an adult and that is an offense against a person, an offense against property, or an offense involving
dangerous drugs. (29)(30) "Shelter care" means the temporary substitute care of youth in physically unrestricting facilities. (30)(31) "Shelter care facility" means a facility used for the shelter care of youth. The term is limited to the facilities
enumerated in 41-5-344. (31)(32) "Short-term detention center" means a detention facility licensed by the department for the temporary
placement or care of youth, for a period not to exceed 10 days excluding weekends and legal holidays, pending a probable
cause hearing, release, or transfer of the youth to an appropriate detention facility, youth assessment center, or shelter care
facility. (32)(33) "State youth correctional facility" means a residential facility used for the placement and rehabilitation of
delinquent youth, such as the Pine Hills youth correctional facility in Miles City. (33)(34) "Substitute care" means full-time care of youth in a residential setting for the purpose of providing food,
shelter, security and safety, guidance, direction, and, if necessary, treatment to youth who are removed from or are without
the care and supervision of their parents or guardians. (34)(35) "Victim" means:
(a) a person who suffers property, physical, or emotional injury as a result of an offense committed by a youth that
would be a
felony criminal offense if committed by an adult;
(b) an adult relative of the victim as defined in subsection (34)(a) if the victim is a minor; and
(c) an adult relative of a homicide victim.
(35)(36) "Youth" means an individual who is less than 18 years of age without regard to sex or emancipation. (36)(37) "Youth assessment" means a multidisciplinary assessment of a youth as provided in 41-5-1201. (37)(38) "Youth assessment center" means a staff-secured location that is licensed by the department of public health
and human services to hold a youth for up to 10 days for the purpose of providing an immediate and comprehensive
community-based youth assessment to assist the youth and the youth's family in addressing the youth's behavior. (38)(39) "Youth care facility" has the meaning provided in 41-3-1102. (39)(40) "Youth court" means the court established pursuant to this chapter to hear all proceedings in which a youth is
alleged to be a delinquent youth, a youth in need of intervention, or a youth in need of care and includes the youth court
judge, probation officers, and assessment officers. (40)(41) "Youth detention facility" means a secure detention facility licensed by the department for the temporary
substitute care of youth that is:
is operated, administered, and staffed separately and independently of a jail; and or
(ii) a collocated secure detention facility that complies with 28 CFR, part 31; and
is used exclusively for the lawful detention of alleged or adjudicated delinquent youth or as a sanction for contempt
of court, violation of a parole agreement, or violation of a valid court order. (41)(42) "Youth in need of care" has the meaning provided for in 41-3-102. (42)(43) "Youth in need of intervention" means a youth who is adjudicated as a youth and who commits an offense
prohibited by law that if committed by an adult would not constitute a criminal offense, including but not limited to a youth
(a) violates any Montana municipal or state law regarding alcoholic beverages;
(b) continues to exhibit behavior, including running away from home or habitual truancy, beyond the control of the youth's parents, foster parents, physical custodian, or guardian despite the attempt of the youth's parents, foster parents, physical custodian, or guardian to exert all reasonable efforts to mediate, resolve, or control the youth's behavior; or
(c) has committed any of the acts of a delinquent youth but whom the youth court, in its discretion, chooses to regard as a youth in need of intervention."
Section 2. Section 41-5-121, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-121. Youth placement committees -- composition. (1) In each judicial district, the department shall establish a youth placement committee for the purposes of:
(a) recommending an appropriate placement of a youth referred to the department under
41-5-1304 41-5-1512 and
(b) recommending available community services or alternative placements whenever a change is required in the placement of a youth who is currently in the custody of the department under 41-5-1512 or 41-5-1513. However, the committee may not substitute its judgment for that of the superintendent of a state youth correctional facility regarding the discharge of a youth from the facility.
(2) The committee consists of not less than five members and must include persons who are knowledgeable about the youth, treatment and placement options, and other resources appropriate to address the needs of the youth. Members may include:
(a) two representatives of the department;
(b) a representative of the department of public health and human services;
(c) either the chief probation officer or the youth's probation officer;
(d) a mental health professional;
(e) a representative of a school district located within the boundaries of the judicial district who must have personal knowledge of and experience with the youth;
(f) if an Indian child or children are involved, someone, preferably an Indian person, knowledgeable about Indian culture and family matters;
(g) a parent or guardian; and
(h) a youth services provider.
(3) Committee members serve without compensation.
(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of 41-5-123, the committee may be convened by the department or the probation officer of the youth court.
(5) If a representative of the school district within the boundaries of which the youth is recommended to be placed and will be attending school is not included on the committee, the person who convened the committee shall inform the school district of the final placement decision for the youth."
Section 3. Section 41-5-206, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-206. Filing in district court prior to formal proceedings in youth court. (1) The county attorney may, in the county attorney's discretion, file with the district court a motion for leave to file an information in the district court if:
(a) the youth charged was 12 years of age or older at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act would if it had been committed by an adult constitute:
(i) sexual intercourse without consent as defined in 45-5-503;
(ii) deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-102;
(iii) mitigated deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-103;
(iv) assault on a peace officer or judicial officer as defined in 45-5-210; or
(iv)(v) the attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of or accountability, as provided in 45-2-301, for either deliberate or
mitigated deliberate homicide; or
(b) the youth charged was 16 years of age or older at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act is one or more of the following:
(i) negligent homicide as defined in 45-5-104;
(ii) arson as defined in 45-6-103;
(iii) aggravated or felony assault as defined in 45-5-202;
(iv) robbery as defined in 45-5-401;
(v) burglary or aggravated burglary as defined in 45-6-204;
(vi) aggravated kidnapping as defined in 45-5-303;
(vii) possession of explosives as defined in 45-8-335;
(viii) criminal sale of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-101;
(ix) criminal production or manufacture of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-110;
(x) attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of or accountability, as provided in 45-2-301, for any of the acts enumerated in
subsections (1)(b)(i) through (1)(b)
(xi) use of threat to coerce criminal street gang membership or use of violence to coerce criminal street gang membership, as defined in 45-8-403;
(xii) escape as defined in 45-7-306.
(2) The county attorney shall file with the district court a petition for leave to file an information in district court if the youth was 17 years of age at the time the youth committed an offense listed under subsection (1).
(3) The district court shall grant leave to file the information if the court finds that there is probable cause to believe that the youth has committed the alleged offense and that, considering the seriousness of the offense and in the interests of community protection, the case should be filed in the district court.
(4) The filing of an information in district court terminates the jurisdiction of the youth court over the youth with
respect to the acts alleged in the information. A youth may not be prosecuted in the district court for a criminal offense
originally subject to the jurisdiction of the youth court unless the case has been filed in the district court as provided in this
section. A case may be transferred to district court after prosecution as provided in
41-5-208 or 41-5-208 or 41-5-1605.
(5) An offense not enumerated in subsection (1) that arises during the commission of a crime enumerated in subsection (1) may be:
(a) tried in youth court;
(b) transferred to district court with an offense enumerated in subsection (1) upon motion of the county attorney and order of the district court judge.
(6) If a youth is found guilty in district court of any of the offenses enumerated in subsection (1)
and is sentenced to the
state prison, the commitment must be to the department of corrections, the court shall sentence the youth pursuant to
[section 19], Title 45, and Title 46. A youth who is sentenced to the department or a state prison must be evaluated and
placed by the department in an appropriate juvenile or adult correctional facility. The department shall confine the youth in
whatever institution that it considers proper, including a state youth correctional facility under the procedures of 52-5-111.
However, a youth under 16 years of age may not be confined in a state prison facility. During the period of confinement,
school-aged youth with disabilities must be provided an education consistent with the requirements of the federal
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. 1400, et seq.
(7) A youth whose case is filed in the district court may not be detained or otherwise placed in a jail or other adult detention facility before final disposition of the youth's case unless:
(a) alternative facilities do not provide adequate security; and
(b) the youth is kept in an area that provides physical separation as well as sight and sound separation from adults accused or convicted of criminal offenses."
Section 4. Section 41-5-332, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-332. Custody -- hearing for probable cause. (1) When a youth is taken into custody for questioning, a hearing to determine whether there is probable cause to believe the youth is a delinquent youth or a youth in need of intervention must be held within 24 hours, excluding weekends and legal holidays. A hearing is not required if the youth is released prior to the time of the required hearing.
(2) The probable cause hearing required under subsection (1) may be held by the youth court, a justice of the peace, a municipal or city judge, or a magistrate having jurisdiction in the case as provided in 41-5-203. If the probable cause hearing is held by a justice of the peace, a municipal or city judge, or a magistrate, a record of the hearing must be made by a court reporter or by a tape recording of the hearing.
(3) A probable cause hearing may be conducted by telephone if other means of conducting the hearing are impractical. All written orders and findings of the court in a hearing conducted by telephone must bear the name of the judge or magistrate presiding in the case and the hour and date the order or findings were issued.
(4) A hearing is not required for a youth placed in detention for an alleged parole violation."
Section 5. Section 41-5-348, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-348. Place of detention. Placement in detention means placement in one of the following facilities:
(1) a short-term detention center;
(2) a youth detention facility, including a regional detention facility
(3) a secure detention facility outside the state or operated by an Indian tribe that is under contract to the state or a subdivision of the state and that is in substantial compliance with the licensing requirements contained in rules adopted by the department."
Section 6. Information to be collected by juvenile probation officer or assessment officer. The juvenile probation officer or assessment officer shall collect the following information regarding a youth:
(1) biographical data;
(2) a description of prior and current offenses, including criminal history;
(3) a listing of known or suspected associates;
(4) any gang or drug involvement;
(5) field investigation data;
(6) motor vehicle ownership and offense data, if any;
(7) whether the youth is a suspect in other criminal investigations;
(8) history of any victimization of others by the youth;
(9) the youth's status offense history;
(10) existence of active warrants;
(11) school, employment, and family histories;
(12) social and medical services histories; and
(13) prior conduct in a youth detention or correctional facility, if any.
Section 7. Section 41-5-1301, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1301. Informal disposition.
(1) After a preliminary inquiry under 41-5-1201, the probation officer or assessment
officer upon determining that further action is required and that referral to the county attorney is not required may: (a)(1) provide counseling, refer the youth and the youth's family to another agency providing appropriate services, or
take any other action or make any informal adjustment that does not involve probation or detention; or (b)(2) provide for treatment or adjustment involving probation or other disposition authorized under 41-5-1302 through
41-5-1304 if the treatment or adjustment is voluntarily accepted by the youth's parents or guardian and the youth, if the
matter is referred immediately to the county attorney for review, and if the probation officer or assessment officer proceeds
no further unless authorized by the county attorney. (2) The juvenile probation officer or assessment officer shall collect the following information regarding a youth if the
youth is alleged to be a delinquent youth and if the probation officer or assessment officer determines that the matter should
be referred to the county attorney for filing a petition in youth court: (a) biographical data; (b) a description of prior and current offenses, including criminal history; (c) a listing of known or suspected associates; (d) any gang or drug involvement; (e) field investigation data; (f) motor vehicle ownership and offense data, if any; (g) whether the youth is a suspect in other criminal investigations; (h) history of any victimization of others by the youth; (i) the youth's status offense history; (j) existence of active warrants; (k) school, employment, and family histories; (l) social and medical services histories; (m) prior conduct in a youth detention or correctional facility, if any."
Section 8. Section 41-5-1302, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1302. Consent adjustment without petition. (1) Before referring the matter to the county attorney and subject to the limitations in subsection (3), the probation officer or assessment officer may enter into a consent adjustment and give counsel and advice to the youth, the youth's family, and other interested parties if it appears that:
(a) the admitted facts bring the case within the jurisdiction of the court;
(b) counsel and advice without filing a petition would be in the best interests of the child, the family, and the public; and
(c) the youth may be a youth in need of intervention and the probation officer or assessment officer believes that the parents, foster parents, physical custodian, or guardian exerted all reasonable efforts to mediate, resolve, or control the youth's behavior and the youth continues to exhibit behavior beyond the control of the parents, foster parents, physical custodian, or guardian.
(2) Any probation or other disposition imposed under this section against a youth must conform to the following procedures:
(a) Every consent adjustment must be reduced to writing and signed by the youth and the youth's parents or the person having legal custody of the youth.
(b) If the probation officer or assessment officer believes that the youth is a youth in need of intervention, the probation officer or assessment officer shall determine that the parents, foster parents, physical custodian, or guardian exerted all reasonable efforts to mediate, resolve, or control the youth's behavior and that the youth continues to exhibit behavior beyond the control of the parents, foster parents, physical custodian, or guardian.
(c) Approval by the youth court judge is required if the complaint alleges commission of a felony or if the youth has been or will be in any way detained.
(3) A consent adjustment without petition under this section may not be used to dispose of a youth's alleged second or
subsequent offense if
(a) the youth has admitted commission of or has been adjudicated or sentenced for a prior offense that would be a
felony if committed by an adult
or third or subsequent offense if;
(b) the second or subsequent offense would be a felony if committed by an adult and was committed within 3 years of a prior offense; or
that the second or subsequent offense would be a misdemeanor if committed by an adult and was committed within
3 years of a prior offense, other than a felony, unless the probation officer notifies the youth court and obtains written
approval from the county attorney and the youth court judge.
(4) For purposes of subsection (3), related offenses committed by a youth during the same 24-hour period must be considered a single offense."
Section 9. Section 41-5-1415, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1415. Admissibility of confession or illegally seized evidence. In a proceeding alleging a youth to be a delinquent youth:
(1) an extrajudicial statement that would be constitutionally inadmissible in a criminal matter may not be received in evidence;
(2) evidence illegally seized or obtained may not be received in evidence to establish the allegations of a petition against a youth; and
(3) an extrajudicial admission or confession made by the youth out of court is insufficient to support a finding that the
youth committed the acts alleged in the petition unless it is corroborated by other evidence
; and (4) upon a finding of an offense related to use of alcohol or illegal drugs, the court may order the youth to undergo
urinalysis for the purpose of determining whether the youth is using alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs."
Section 10. Section 41-5-1501, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1501. Consent decree with petition. (1) (a) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), after the filing of a
petition under 41-5-1402 and before the entry of a judgment, the court may, on motion of counsel for the youth or on the
court's own motion, suspend the proceedings and continue the youth under supervision under terms and conditions
negotiated with probation services and agreed to by all necessary parties. The court's order continuing the
child youth under
supervision under this section is known as a "consent decree". Except as provided in subsection (1)(b), the procedures used
and dispositions permitted under this section must conform to the procedures and dispositions specified in 41-5-1302
through 41-5-1304 relating to consent adjustments without petition and the responsibility of the youth's parents or guardians
to pay a contribution for the costs of placement in substitute care.
(b) A youth may be placed in detention for up to 10 days on a space-available basis at the county's expense, which is not reimbursable under part 19 of this chapter.
(2) A consent decree under this section may not be used by the court unless the youth admits guilt for any charges of an offense set forth in the petition and accepts responsibility for the youth's actions.
(3) If the youth or the youth's counsel objects to a consent decree, the court shall proceed to findings, adjudication, and disposition of the case.
(4) If, either prior to discharge by probation services or expiration of the consent decree, a new petition alleging that the youth is a delinquent youth or a youth in need of intervention is filed against the youth or if the youth fails to fulfill the expressed terms and conditions of the consent decree, the petition under which the youth was continued under supervision may be reinstated in the discretion of the county attorney in consultation with probation services. In the event of reinstatement, the proceeding on the petition must be continued to conclusion as if the consent decree had never been entered.
(5) A youth who is discharged by probation services or who completes a period under supervision without reinstatement of the original petition may not again be proceeded against in any court for the same offense alleged in the petition, and the original petition must be dismissed with prejudice. This subsection does not preclude a civil suit against the youth for damages arising from the youth's conduct.
(6) In all cases in which the terms of the consent decree extend for a period in excess of 6 months, the probation officer shall at the end of each 6-month period submit a report that must be reviewed by the court.
(7) A consent decree with petition under this section may not be used to dispose of a youth's alleged second or subsequent offense if that offense would be a felony if committed by an adult or third or subsequent offense if that offense would be a misdemeanor if committed by an adult unless it is recommended by the county attorney and accepted by the youth court judge."
Section 11. Section 41-5-1503, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1503. Medical or psychological evaluation of youth -- urinalysis. (1) The youth court may order a youth to receive a medical or psychological evaluation at any time prior to final disposition if the youth waives the youth's constitutional rights in the manner provided for in 41-5-331. The county determined by the court as the residence of the youth is responsible for the cost of the evaluation, except as provided in subsection (2). A county may contract with the department or other public or private agencies to obtain evaluation services ordered by the court.
(2) The youth court shall determine the financial ability of the youth's parents or guardians to pay the cost of an evaluation ordered by the court under subsection (1). If they are financially able, the court shall order the youth's parents or guardians to pay all or part of the cost of the evaluation.
(3) Subject to 41-5-1512(15)(a), the youth court may not order an evaluation or placement of a youth at a state youth correctional facility unless the youth is found to be a delinquent youth or is alleged to have committed an offense that is listed under 41-5-206.
(4) An evaluation of a youth may not be performed at the Montana state hospital unless the youth is transferred to the
district court under
41-5-208 or 41-5-208 or 41-5-1605 or the jurisdiction of the youth court is terminated following the
filing of an information in district court pursuant to 41-5-206.
(5) In a proceeding alleging a youth to be a delinquent youth, upon a finding of an offense related to use of alcohol or illegal drugs, the court may order the youth to undergo urinalysis for the purpose of determining whether the youth is using alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs."
Section 12. Section 41-5-1513, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1513. Disposition -- delinquent youth -- restrictions. (1) If a youth is found to be a delinquent youth, the youth court may enter its judgment making one or more of the following dispositions:
(a) any one or more of the dispositions provided in 41-5-1512;
(b) subject to 41-5-1504, 41-5-1512(15)(a), and 41-5-1522, commit the youth to the department for placement in a state
youth correctional facility
or in a correctional facility or a program operated by the department; and recommend to the
department that the youth not be released until the youth reaches 18 years of age. The court may not place a youth
adjudicated delinquent in a state youth correctional facility for an offense that would be a misdemeanor if committed by an
adult unless the court finds that the youth presents a danger to the public safety and that the placement is recommended by a
mental health professional after evaluation of the youth. (c) subject to 41-5-1504, 41-5-1512(15)(a), and 41-5-1522, sentence a youth to one of the state youth correctional
facilities established under 52-5-101 and, as part of the sentence, deny the youth eligibility for release without the express
approval of the sentencing judge until the youth reaches 18 years of age. A youth may not be sentenced to a state youth
correctional facility unless the department informs the judge that space is available for the youth at that facility. Except as
provided in subsection (2), the sentencing judge may not place limitations on the release unless recommended by the youth
placement committee. The court may not place a youth adjudicated delinquent in a state youth correctional facility for an
offense that would be a misdemeanor if committed by an adult, unless the court finds that the youth presents a danger to
public safety and that the placement is recommended by a mental health professional after evaluation of the youth. (d)(c) require a youth found to be a delinquent youth, as the result of the commission of an offense that would be a
sexual offense or violent offense, as defined in 46-23-502, if committed by an adult, to register as a sex sexual or violent
offender pursuant to Title 46, chapter 23, part 5. The youth court shall retain jurisdiction in a disposition under this
subsection. (e)(d) in the case of a delinquent youth who is determined by the court to be a serious juvenile offender, the judge may
specify that the youth be placed in a state youth correctional facility, subject to the provisions of subsection (2), if the judge
finds that the placement is necessary for the protection of the public. The court may order the department to notify the court
within 5 working days before the proposed release of a youth from a youth correctional facility. Once a youth is committed
to the department for placement in a state youth correctional facility, the department is responsible for determining an
appropriate date of release or an alternative placement. (f)(e) impose a fine as authorized by law if the violation alleged would constitute a criminal offense if committed by an
(2) If a youth has been adjudicated for a sex offense, the youth court may require completion of sex offender treatment before a youth is discharged."
Section 13. Section 41-5-1803, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1803. County responsibility to provide youth detention services. (1) Each county shall provide services for the detention of youth in facilities separate from adult jails.
(2) In order to fulfill its responsibility under subsection (1), a county may:
(a) establish, operate, and maintain a holdover, a short-term detention center, or a youth detention facility at county expense;
(b) provide shelter care facilities as authorized in 41-5-1801;
(c) contract with another county for the use of an available shelter care facility, holdover, short-term detention center, or youth detention facility;
(d) establish and operate a network of holdovers in cooperation with other counties;
(e) establish a regional detention facility;
(f) enter into an agreement with a private party under which the private party will own, operate, or lease a shelter care facility or youth detention facility for use by the county. The agreement may be made in substantially the same manner as provided for in 7-32-2232 and 7-32-2233.
(g) contract with another state, political subdivision of another state, or an Indian tribe for use of a secure detention facility. Secure detention facilities contracted with for the purposes of this subsection (2)(g) must be licensed or certified by a state or federal agency with applicable licensing or certifying authority, or the contracting county shall determine that the out-of-state or tribal detention facility substantially complies with the licensing requirements contained in rules adopted by the department.
(3) Each county or regional detention facility must be licensed by the department in accordance with rules adopted under 41-5-1802."
Section 14. Section 46-24-211, MCA, is amended to read:
"46-24-211. Information concerning appeal or postconviction remedies. If the defendant appeals,
or pursues a
postconviction remedy, or the district court grants a hearing under [sections 17 through 20], the attorney general, or the
county attorney if the case has not been referred to the attorney general, shall promptly inform the victim of the notice of
appeal, hearing under [sections 17 through 20], or postconviction petition, of the date, time, and place of any hearing, and
of the decision."
Section 15. Section 52-5-129, MCA, is amended to read:
"52-5-129. Hearing on alleged violation of parole agreement -- right to appeal outcome. (1) When it is alleged by a juvenile parole officer that a youth has violated the terms of the youth's parole agreement, the youth must be granted a hearing at the site of the alleged violation or in the county in which the youth is residing or is found within 10 days after notice has been served on the youth or the youth is detained, whichever is earlier. At the discretion of the hearings officer, this hearing may be held by means of interactive video transmission. The purpose of the hearing is to determine whether the youth committed the violation and, if so, whether the violation is of such a nature that the youth should be returned to the youth correctional facility from which the youth was released or whether a different plan for custody and supervision of the youth should be pursued by the department of corrections.
(2) The youth, upon advice of an attorney, may waive the right to a hearing.
(3) With regard to this hearing, the youth must be given:
(a) written notice of the alleged violation of the parole agreement, including notice of the purpose of the hearing;
(b) a disclosure of the evidence against the youth and the facts constituting the alleged violation;
(c) the opportunity to be heard in person or by interactive video transmission and to present witnesses and documentary evidence to controvert the evidence against the youth and to show that there are compelling reasons that justify or mitigate the violation;
(d) the opportunity to have the hearings officer subpoena witnesses;
(e) the right to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses in person or by means of interactive video transmission;
(f) the right to be represented by an attorney;
(g) a record of the hearing; and
(h) notice that a written statement as to the evidence relied upon in reaching the final decision and the reasons for the final decision will be provided by the hearings officer.
(4) The department shall provide a hearings officer to conduct the hearing. The department shall adopt rules necessary to effect a prompt and full review.
(5) If the hearings officer finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the youth did in fact commit the violation, the hearings officer shall make a recommendation to the department for the placement of the youth. In making this recommendation, the hearings officer may consider mitigating or aggravating circumstances. The youth or the youth's attorney may appeal the hearings officer's decision to the department director. The appeal must be made in writing within 5 days of the hearing. The department director or designee shall grant or deny the appeal within 5 days of receipt of the appeal.
(6) The youth may appeal the decision of the department director to the district court of the county in which the hearing was held by serving and filing a notice of appeal with the court within 10 days of the department director's decision. The youth may obtain a written transcript of the hearing from the department by giving written notice of appeal. The district court, upon receipt of a notice of appeal, shall order the department to promptly certify to the court a record of all proceedings before the department and shall proceed to a prompt hearing on the appeal based upon the record on appeal. The decision of the department may not be altered except for abuse of discretion or manifest injustice.
(7) Pending the hearing on a violation and pending the department's decision, a youth may not be detained except when
the youth's detention or care is required to protect the person or property of the youth or of others or the youth may abscond
or be removed from the community. The department shall determine the place and manner of detention pursuant to
41-5-348 and is responsible for the cost of the detention. Procedures for taking into custody and detention of a youth
charged with violation of the youth's parole agreement are as provided in 41-5-321
, 41-5-331 through 41-5-334, and
41-5-344 through 41-5-349.
(8) If the decision is made to return the youth to the youth correctional facility from which the youth was released and the youth appeals that decision, the youth shall await the outcome of the appeal at the facility."
Section 16. Excessive juvenile population -- confinement of juveniles in alternate placements. (1) The department shall determine the capacity for state youth correctional facilities. The department shall notify all district courts, sheriffs, and youth courts of the capacity for each state youth correctional facility by sending a report to each annually.
(2) If the population of a state youth correctional facility exceeds the capacity established by the department, the director of the department may declare that the capacity has been exceeded and temporarily stop admissions to the facility. The director shall notify each district court, sheriff, and youth court that delinquent or criminally convicted youth will not be accepted by the department for admission into the facility until the population is reduced to less than the capacity determined by the department in subsection (1).
(3) If the director of the department declares that the capacity has been exceeded, the department shall place delinquent youth committed to a state youth correctional facility or criminally convicted youth in alternate placements based on the needs of the delinquent youth or criminally convicted youth. If a youth is denied placement in a state youth correctional facility under this section, the department shall inform and seek approval of the district court of the intended alternative placement prior to placing the youth.
(4) The department may enter into contracts with the federal government, other states, local governments, public or private corporations, and other entities that have suitable facilities for confining delinquent youth or criminally convicted youth committed to the department, either because a state youth correctional facility has exceeded its capacity or because the department has no youth correctional facility that is adequate for certain delinquent youth or criminally convicted youth.
Section 17. Short title. [Sections 17 through 20] may be cited as the "Criminally Convicted Youth Act".
Section 18. Purpose. The criminally convicted youth act must be interpreted and construed to effectuate the following express legislative purposes:
(1) to protect the public;
(2) to hold youth who commit offenses that may be filed directly in district court pursuant to 41-5-206 accountable for their actions;
(3) to provide for the custody, assessment, care, supervision, treatment, education, rehabilitation, and work and skill development of youth convicted in district court; and
(4) to comply with the legislative purposes set forth in 41-5-102.
Section 19. Disposition of criminally convicted youth. (1) The district court, in sentencing a youth adjudicated in district court pursuant to 41-5-206, shall:
(a) impose any sentence allowed by the statute that established the penalty for the offense of which the youth is convicted as if the youth were an adult and any conditions or restrictions allowed by statute;
(b) retain jurisdiction over the case until the criminally convicted youth reaches the age of 21;
(c) order the department to submit a status report to the court, county attorney, defense attorney, and juvenile probation officer every 6 months until the youth attains the age of 21. The report must include a recommendation from the department regarding the disposition of the criminally convicted youth.
(2) The district court shall review the criminally convicted youth's sentence pursuant to [section 20] before the youth reaches the age of 21 if a hearing has not been requested under [section 20].
Section 20. Sentence review hearing. (1) When a youth has been convicted as an adult pursuant to the provisions of 41-5-206, except for offenses punishable by death or life imprisonment or when a sentence of 100 years could be imposed, the county attorney, defense attorney, or youth may, at any time before the youth reaches the age of 21, request a hearing to review the sentence imposed on the youth. The department shall notify the court of the youth's impending birthday no later than 90 days before the youth's 21st birthday.
(2) After reviewing the status report and upon motion for a hearing, the court shall determine whether to hold a criminally convicted youth sentence review hearing. If the court, in its discretion, determines that a sentence review hearing is warranted or is required under [section 19], the hearing must be held within 90 days after the filing of the request or determination. The sentencing court or county attorney shall notify the victim of the offense pursuant to Title 46, chapter 24.
(3) The sentencing court shall review the department's records, youth court records, victim statements, and any other pertinent information.
(4) The sentencing court, after considering the criminal, social, psychological, and any other records of the youth; any evidence presented at the hearing; and any statements by the victim and by the parent or parents or guardian of the youth and any other advocates for the youth shall determine whether the criminally convicted youth has been substantially rehabilitated based upon a preponderance of the evidence.
(5) In the event that the sentencing court determines that the youth has been substantially rehabilitated, the court shall determine whether to:
(a) suspend all or part of the remaining portion of the sentence, impose conditions and restrictions pursuant to 46-18-201, and place the youth on probation under the direction of the department, unless otherwise specified;
(b) impose all or part of the remaining sentence and make any additional recommendations to the department regarding the placement and treatment of the criminally convicted youth; or
(c) impose a combination of options allowed under subsections (5)(a) and (5)(b), not to exceed the total sentence remaining.
(6) The sentencing court may revoke a suspended sentence of a criminally convicted youth pursuant to 46-18-203.
Section 21. Codification instruction. (1) [Section 6] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 41, chapter 5, part 12, and the provisions of Title 41, chapter 5, part 12, apply to [section 6].
(2) [Sections 16 through 20] are intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 41, chapter 5, and the provisions of Title 41, chapter 5, apply to [sections 16 through 20].
- END -
Latest Version of SB 54 (SB0054.ENR)
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