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SENATE BILL NO. 116
INTRODUCED BY B. GLASER
BY REQUEST OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
AN ACT GENERALLY REVISING STATUTES RELATING TO HEALTH CARE FACILITIES; DEFINING AND REQUIRING THE LICENSURE OF AN "OUTPATIENT CENTER FOR PRIMARY CARE" AND AN "OUTPATIENT CENTER FOR SURGICAL SERVICES"; DELETING THE REQUIREMENT THAT AN AMBULATORY SURGICAL FACILITY AND AN OUTPATIENT FACILITY BE LICENSED; CLARIFYING THAT THE DEFINITION OF "HEALTH CARE FACILITY" EXCLUDES THE OFFICES OF PRIVATE PHYSICAL OR MENTAL HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS FOR PURPOSES OF LICENSURE; AMENDING SECTIONS 7-34-2102, 7-34-2201, 37-6-107, 50-5-101, AND 50-5-301, MCA; AND PROVIDING AN APPLICABILITY DATE.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 7-34-2102, MCA, is amended to read:
"7-34-2102. Definition. As used in this part, unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Hospital facilities" means a hospital or a hospital-related facility, including outpatient
facilities centers for primary
care, outpatient centers for surgical services, rehabilitation facilities, long-term care facilities, infirmaries, and health care
facilities, all as defined in 50-5-101. The term includes public health centers.
(2) "Public health center" means a publicly owned facility providing health services, including laboratories, clinics, and administrative offices."
Section 2. Section 7-34-2201, MCA, is amended to read:
"7-34-2201. Erection and management of county health care facilities -- definition -- provision of health care services. (1) The board of county commissioners has jurisdiction and power, under the limitations and restrictions prescribed by law, to erect, furnish, equip, expand, improve, and maintain health care facilities and to provide health care services in those facilities as permitted by law.
(2) The board of county commissioners of a county that has or may acquire title to a site and building or buildings suitable for county health care purposes has jurisdiction and power, under the limitations and restrictions prescribed by law, to erect, furnish, equip, expand, improve, maintain, and operate the building or buildings for health care purposes as provided by this section.
(3) As used in parts 21
, and 23 , 24, and through 25 and this part, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the term
"health care facility" means a hospital, a medical assistance facility, an ambulatory surgical facility, a hospice, an end-stage
renal dialysis facility, an outpatient facility center for surgical services, an outpatient center for primary care, a rehabilitation
facility, a long-term care facility, or an adult day-care center, as defined in 50-5-101, a public health center, as defined in
7-34-2102, or any combination and related medical facilities, including offices for physicians or other health care
professionals providing outpatient, rehabilitative, emergency, nursing, or preventive care."
Section 3. Section 37-6-107, MCA, is amended to read:
"37-6-107. Certification required for ankle surgery -- places of performance of surgery. (1) Notwithstanding any other provisions in this title, a podiatrist may not perform surgical treatments of the ankle unless certified to do so by the board. The board shall certify a podiatrist whom it considers qualified by education, training, and experience or who is certified by the American board of podiatric surgery.
(2) A surgical treatment of the ankle performed in accordance with subsection (1) must be performed in a hospital or
ambulatory outpatient center for surgical center services licensed under Title 50."
Section 4. Section 50-5-101, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-5-101. Definitions. As used in parts 1 through 4 of this chapter, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Accreditation" means a designation of approval.
(2) "Adult day-care center" means a facility, freestanding or connected to another health care facility, that provides adults, on a regularly scheduled basis, with the care necessary to meet the needs of daily living but that does not provide overnight care.
(3) (a) "Adult foster care home" means a private home that offers light personal care or custodial care to four or fewer disabled adults or aged persons who are not related by blood or marriage to the owner of the home.
(b) As used in this subsection (3), the following definitions apply:
(i) "Aged person" means a person as defined by department rule as aged.
(ii) "Custodial care" means providing a sheltered, family-type setting for an aged person or disabled adult so as to provide for the person's basic needs of food and shelter and to ensure that a specific person is available to meet those basic needs.
(iii) "Disabled adult" means a person who is 18 years of age or older and who is defined by department rule as disabled.
(iv) "Light personal care" means assisting the aged person or disabled adult in accomplishing such personal hygiene
tasks as bathing, dressing, and hair grooming
, and supervision of prescriptive medicine administration. The term does not
include the administration of prescriptive medications.
(4) "Affected person" means an applicant for a certificate of need, a health care facility located in the geographic area affected by the application, an agency that establishes rates for health care facilities, or a third-party payer who reimburses health care facilities in the area affected by the proposal.
"Ambulatory surgical facility" means a facility that provides surgical treatment to patients not requiring
hospitalization. This type of facility may include observation beds for patient recovery from surgery or other treatment. (6) "Capital expenditure" means:
(a) an expenditure made by or on behalf of a health care facility that, under generally accepted accounting principles, is not properly chargeable as an expense of operation and maintenance; or
(b) a lease, donation, or comparable arrangement that would be a capital expenditure if money or any other property of value had changed hands.
(7)(6) "Certificate of need" means a written authorization by the department for a person to proceed with a proposal
subject to 50-5-301. (8)(7) "Chemical dependency facility" means a facility whose function is the treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of
the use of any chemical substance, including alcohol, that creates behavioral or health problems and endangers the health,
interpersonal relationships, or economic function of an individual or the public health, welfare, or safety. (9)(8) "Clinical laboratory" means a facility for the microbiological, serological, chemical, hematological, radiobioassay,
cytological, immunohematological, pathological, or other examination of materials derived from the human body for the
purpose of providing information for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease or assessment of a medical
condition. (10)(9) "College of American pathologists" means the organization nationally recognized by that name that surveys
clinical laboratories upon their requests and accredits clinical laboratories that it finds meet its standards and requirements. (11)(10) "Commission on accreditation of rehabilitation facilities" means the organization nationally recognized by that
name that surveys rehabilitation facilities upon their requests and grants accreditation status to a rehabilitation facility that it
finds meets its standards and requirements. (12)(11) "Comparative review" means a joint review of two or more certificate of need applications that are determined
by the department to be competitive in that the granting of a certificate of need to one of the applicants would substantially
prejudice the department's review of the other applications. (13)(12) "Construction" means the physical erection of a health care facility and any stage of the physical erection,
including groundbreaking, or remodeling, replacement, or renovation of an existing health care facility. (14)(13) "Department" means the department of public health and human services provided for in 2-15-2201. (15)(14) "End-stage renal dialysis facility" means a facility that specializes in the treatment of kidney diseases and
includes freestanding hemodialysis units. (16)(15) "Federal acts" means federal statutes for the construction of health care facilities. (17)(16) "Governmental unit" means the state, a state agency, a county, municipality, or political subdivision of the state,
or an agency of a political subdivision. (18)(17) "Health care facility" or "facility" means all or a portion of an institution, building, or agency, private or public,
excluding federal facilities, whether organized for profit or not, that is used, operated, or designed to provide health
services, medical treatment, or nursing, rehabilitative, or preventive care to any individual. The term does not include
offices of private physicians or, dentists, or other physical or mental health care workers regulated under Title 37, including
chemical dependancy counselors. The term includes ambulatory surgical facilities, chemical dependency facilities,
end-stage renal dialysis facilities, health maintenance organizations, home health agencies, home infusion therapy agencies,
hospices, hospitals, infirmaries, long-term care facilities, medical assistance facilities, mental health centers, outpatient
facilities centers for primary care, outpatient centers for surgical services, rehabilitation facilities, residential care facilities,
and residential treatment facilities. (19)(18) "Health maintenance organization" means a public or private organization that provides or arranges for health
care services to enrollees on a prepaid or other financial basis, either directly through provider employees or through
contractual or other arrangements with a provider or group of providers. (20)(19) "Home health agency" means a public agency or private organization or subdivision of the agency or
organization that is engaged in providing home health services to individuals in the places where they live. Home health
services must include the services of a licensed registered nurse and at least one other therapeutic service and may include
additional support services. (21)(20) "Home infusion therapy agency" means a health care facility that provides home infusion therapy services. (22)(21) "Home infusion therapy services" means the preparation, administration, or furnishing of parenteral medications
or parenteral or enteral nutritional services to an individual in that individual's residence. The services include an
educational component for the patient, the patient's caregiver, or the patient's family member. (23)(22) "Hospice" means a coordinated program of home and inpatient health care that provides or coordinates
palliative and supportive care to meet the needs of a terminally ill patient and the patient's family arising out of physical,
psychological, spiritual, social, and economic stresses experienced during the final stages of illness and dying and that
includes formal bereavement programs as an essential component. The term includes:
(a) an inpatient hospice facility, which is a facility managed directly by a medicare-certified hospice that meets all medicare certification regulations for freestanding inpatient hospice facilities; and
(b) a residential hospice facility, which is a facility managed directly by a licensed hospice program that can house three or more hospice patients.
(24)(23) "Hospital" means a facility providing, by or under the supervision of licensed physicians, services for medical
diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and care of injured, disabled, or sick individuals. Services provided may or may not
include obstetrical care, emergency care, or any other service allowed by state licensing authority. A hospital has an
organized medical staff that is on call and available within 20 minutes, 24 hours per a day, 7 days per a week, and provides
24-hour nursing care by licensed registered nurses. The term includes hospitals specializing in providing health services for
psychiatric, mentally retarded, and tubercular patients. (25)(24) "Infirmary" means a facility located in a university, college, government institution, or industry for the treatment
of the sick or injured, with the following subdefinitions:
(a) an "infirmary--A" provides outpatient and inpatient care;
(b) an "infirmary--B" provides outpatient care only.
(26)(25) "Intermediate developmental disability care" means the provision of nursing care services, health-related
services, and social services for persons with developmental disabilities, as defined in 53-20-102, or for individuals with
related problems. (27)(26) "Intermediate nursing care" means the provision of nursing care services, health-related services, and social
services under the supervision of a licensed nurse to patients not requiring 24-hour nursing care. (28)(27) "Joint commission on accreditation of healthcare organizations" means the organization nationally recognized
by that name that surveys health care facilities upon their requests and grants accreditation status to a health care facility that
it finds meets its standards and requirements. (29)(28) (a) "Long-term care facility" means a facility or part of a facility that provides skilled nursing care, residential
care, intermediate nursing care, or intermediate developmental disability care to a total of two or more individuals or that
provides personal care.
(b) The term does not include community homes for persons with developmental disabilities licensed under 53-20-305; community homes for persons with severe disabilities, licensed under 52-4-203; youth care facilities, licensed under 41-3-1142; hotels, motels, boardinghouses, roominghouses, or similar accommodations providing for transients, students, or individuals who do not require institutional health care; or juvenile and adult correctional facilities operating under the authority of the department of corrections.
(30)(29) "Medical assistance facility" means a facility that meets both of the following:
(a) provides inpatient care to ill or injured individuals before their transportation to a hospital or that provides inpatient
medical care to individuals needing that care for a period of no longer than 96 hours unless a longer period is required
because transfer to a hospital is precluded because of inclement weather or emergency conditions. The department or its
designee may, upon request, waive the 96-hour restriction retroactively and on a case-by-case basis
; if the individual's
attending physician, physician assistant-certified, or nurse practitioner determines that the transfer is medically
inappropriate and would jeopardize the health and safety of the individual.
(b) either is located in a county with fewer than six residents
per a square mile or is located more than 35 road miles
from the nearest hospital. (31)(30) "Mental health center" means a facility providing services for the prevention or diagnosis of mental illness, the
care and treatment of mentally ill patients, the rehabilitation of mentally ill individuals, or any combination of these
services. (32)(31) "Nonprofit health care facility" means a health care facility owned or operated by one or more nonprofit
corporations or associations. (33)(32) "Observation bed" means a bed occupied by a patient recovering from surgery or other treatment. (34)(33) "Offer" means the representation by a health care facility that it can provide specific health services. (35)(34) "Outpatient facility center for primary care" means a facility , located in or apart from a hospital, that provides,
under the direction of a licensed physician, either diagnosis or treatment, or both, to ambulatory patients in need of medical,
surgical, or mental care. An outpatient facility may have observation beds. An ambulatory surgical facility is also an
outpatient facility and that is not an outpatient center for surgical services.
(35) "Outpatient center for surgical services" means a clinic, infirmary, or other institution or organization that is specifically designed and operated to provide surgical services to patients not requiring hospitalization and that may include observation beds.
(36) "Patient" means an individual obtaining services, including skilled nursing care, from a health care facility.
(37) "Person" means an individual, firm, partnership, association, organization, agency, institution, corporation, trust, estate, or governmental unit, whether organized for profit or not.
(38) "Personal care" means the provision of services and care for residents who need some assistance in performing the activities of daily living.
(39) "Personal-care facility" means a facility in which personal care is provided for residents in either a category A facility or a category B facility as provided in 50-5-227.
(40) "Rehabilitation facility" means a facility that is operated for the primary purpose of assisting in the rehabilitation of disabled individuals by providing comprehensive medical evaluations and services, psychological and social services, or vocational evaluation and training or any combination of these services and in which the major portion of the services is furnished within the facility.
(41) "Resident" means an individual who is in a long-term care facility or in a residential care facility.
(42) "Residential care facility" means an adult day-care center, an adult foster care home, a personal-care facility, or a retirement home.
(43) "Residential psychiatric care" means active psychiatric treatment provided in a residential treatment facility to psychiatrically impaired individuals with persistent patterns of emotional, psychological, or behavioral dysfunction of such severity as to require 24-hour supervised care to adequately treat or remedy the individual's condition. Residential psychiatric care must be individualized and designed to achieve the patient's discharge to less restrictive levels of care at the earliest possible time.
(44) "Residential treatment facility" means a facility operated for the primary purpose of providing residential psychiatric care to individuals under 21 years of age.
(45) "Retirement home" means a building or buildings in which separate living accommodations are rented or leased to individuals who use those accommodations as their primary residence.
(46) "Skilled nursing care" means the provision of nursing care services, health-related services, and social services under the supervision of a licensed registered nurse on a 24-hour basis.
(47) "State health care facilities plan" means the plan prepared by the department to project the need for health care facilities within Montana and approved by the governor and a statewide health coordinating council appointed by the director of the department."
Section 5. Section 50-5-301, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-5-301. When certificate of need is required -- definitions. (1) Unless a person has submitted an application for and is the holder of a certificate of need granted by the department, the person may not initiate any of the following:
(a) the incurring of an obligation by or on behalf of a health care facility for any capital expenditure that exceeds $1.5 million, other than to acquire an existing health care facility. The costs of any studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, and other activities (including staff effort, consulting, and other services) essential to the acquisition, improvement, expansion, or replacement of any plant with respect to which an expenditure is made must be included in determining if the expenditure exceeds $1.5 million.
(b) a change in the bed capacity of a health care facility through an increase in the number of beds or a relocation of beds from one health care facility or site to another, unless:
(i) the number of beds involved is 10 or less or 10% or less of the licensed beds, if fractional, rounded down to the nearest whole number, whichever figure is smaller, and no beds have been added or relocated during the 2 years prior to the date on which the letter of intent for the proposal is received;
(ii) a letter of intent is submitted to the department; and
(iii) the department determines that the proposal will not significantly increase the cost of care provided or exceed the bed need projected in the state health care facilities plan;
(c) the addition of a health service that is offered by or on behalf of a health care facility that was not offered by or on behalf of the facility within the 12-month period before the month in which the service would be offered and that will result in additional annual operating and amortization expenses of $150,000 or more;
(d) the incurring of an obligation for a capital expenditure by any person or persons to acquire 50% or more of an existing health care facility unless:
(i) the person submits the letter of intent required by 50-5-302(2); and
(ii) the department finds that the acquisition will not significantly increase the cost of care provided or increase bed capacity;
(e) the construction, development, or other establishment of a health care facility that is being replaced or that did not previously exist, by any person, including another type of health care facility;
(f) the expansion of the geographical service area of a home health agency;
(g) the use of hospital beds in excess of five to provide services to patients or residents needing only skilled nursing care, intermediate nursing care, or intermediate developmental disability care, as those levels of care are defined in 50-5-101; or
(h) the provision by a hospital of services for ambulatory surgical care through an outpatient center for surgical services, as defined in subsection (2)(a), home health care, long-term care, inpatient chemical dependency treatment, or inpatient rehabilitation.
(2) For purposes of this part, the following definitions apply:
(a) "Health care facility" or "facility" means a nonfederal
ambulatory surgical facility, home health agency, long-term
care facility, inpatient chemical dependency facility, or rehabilitation facility with inpatient services, or outpatient center for
surgical services that has or is intended to qualify for medicare certification as an ambulatory surgical center pursuant to 42
CFR, part 416. The term does not include:
(i) a hospital, except to the extent that a hospital is subject to certificate of need requirements pursuant to subsection (1)(h); or
(ii) an office of a private physician, dentist, or other physical or mental health care professionals, including chemical dependency counselors.
(b) (i) "Long-term care facility" means an entity that provides skilled nursing care, intermediate nursing care, or intermediate developmental disability care, as defined in 50-5-101, to a total of two or more individuals.
(ii) The term does not include residential care facilities, as defined in 50-5-101; community homes for persons with developmental disabilities, licensed under 53-20-305; community homes for persons with severe disabilities, licensed under 52-4-203; boarding or foster homes for children, licensed under 41-3-1142; hotels, motels, boardinghouses, roominghouses, or similar accommodations providing for transients, students, or individuals not requiring institutional health care; or juvenile and adult correctional facilities operating under the authority of the department of corrections.
(3) This section may not be construed to require a health care facility to obtain a certificate of need for a nonreviewable service that would not be subject to a certificate of need if undertaken by a person other than a health care facility."
Section 6. Saving clause. [This act] does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, or proceedings that were begun before [the effective date of this act].
Section 7. Applicability. [This act] applies to health care facility licenses or certificates of need issued pursuant to Title 50, chapter 5, after October 1, 1999.
- END -
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