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SENATE BILL NO. 452
INTRODUCED BY T. BECK, D. BERRY
AN ACT CLARIFYING SECURITY INTERESTS IN LIQUOR LICENSES; REQUIRING THAT THE DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE BE GIVEN NOTICE WITHIN 7 DAYS OF A DEFAULT OF A SECURITY INTEREST IN A LIQUOR LICENSE; PROVIDING FOR THE TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP OR LAPSE TO NONUSE STATUS OF DEFAULTED LIQUOR LICENSES; AND PROVIDING AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Security interest in liquor license. (1) (a) A security interest in a liquor license is an interest in the liquor license that secures payment or performance of an obligation. A contract for the sale of a liquor license, including a provision allowing the seller to retain an ownership interest in the license solely for the purpose of guaranteeing payment for the license, may, for the purposes of this section, be treated as a security interest.
(b) For the purposes of this section:
(i) "default" means that:
(A) the defaulting party has acknowledged in writing pursuant to the terms of a written security agreement or contract for sale that the defaulting party no longer has any ownership interest or any other rights to possess or control the liquor license; or
(B) a court of competent jurisdiction has made an order foreclosing all of the defaulting party's interests in the license; and
(ii) "liquor license" means a license issued under Title 16, chapter 4.
(2) The department, after review of the underlying documents creating the security interest, may approve a transfer of ownership of a liquor license subject to a security interest as provided in subsection (1). A person holding a security interest may not have any control in the operation of the business operated under a license subject to a security interest nor may that person share in the profits or the liabilities of the business other than the payment or performance of the licensee's obligation under a security agreement.
(3) (a) Within 7 days of a default by a licensee, the person holding the security interest shall give notice to the department of the licensee's default and either apply to have the license transferred to that person, subject to that person meeting the requirements of 16-4-401 and all other applicable provisions of this code, or the person shall place the license on nonuser status. Upon receipt of an application to transfer the license, the department may, pursuant to 16-4-404, grant the applicant temporary authority to operate the license. If the person holding the license places the license on nonuser status, the person shall transfer ownership of the license within 180 days from the date on which the notice of the default was given to the department. The operation of a business under a license by a person holding a security interest for more than 7 days after default of the licensee or without temporary authority issued by the department must be considered to be a violation of this code and constitutes grounds for the department to either deny an application for transfer of the license or for the revocation of the license pursuant to 16-4-406.
(b) If the person holding the security interest does not qualify for or cannot qualify for ownership of a liquor license under 16-4-401, the secured party shall transfer ownership of the liquor license within 180 days of the notice of the default of the licensee.
(c) The department, upon a showing of good cause, may in its discretion extend the time for sale of the license for an additional period of up to 180 days.
Section 2. Codification instruction. [Section 1] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 16, chapter 4, and the provisions of Title 16, chapter 4, apply to [section 1].
Section 3. Effective date. [This act] is effective on passage and approval.
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Latest Version of SB 452 (SB0452.ENR)
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