35-17-302. Stock -- issuance -- limitations on ownership and transfer -- repurchase by association. (1) When a member of an association established without capital stock has paid the member's membership fee in full, the member must receive a certificate of membership.
(2) (a) An association organized with capital stock may issue the amount of stock stated in its articles. The stock may be divided into two or more classes with the designations, preferences, limitations, and relative rights as stated in the articles, except that stock without par value may not be issued.
(b) The articles may require that members own one or more shares of membership stock. The membership stock may be issued or transferred only to a person eligible to become a member and only when that person satisfies the other requisites for membership. Unless restricted by the articles, stock other than membership stock may be issued or transferred to any person.
(3) An association may not issue stock to a member until it has been fully paid for. The promissory notes of the members may be accepted by the association as full or partial payment. The association shall hold the stock as security for the payment of the note, but retention as security does not affect the members' right to vote.
(4) An association, in its bylaws, may limit the amount of common stock that one member may own.
(5) (a) Unless the articles provide otherwise, an association may acquire, recall, exchange, redeem, and reissue its own stock. Provisions in the articles and on the stock certificate may reserve to the association a prior right to acquire any stock offered for sale or the right to recall the stock of any stockholder, or both rights.
(b) The consideration paid by the association for recalled stock must be its par value and accrued unpaid dividends. However, if the book value of the stock is less than the par value, the consideration must be the book value.
(c) An association may set off obligations of a stockholder to the association.
(d) If the remaining assets of an association would be less than the aggregate amount payable to creditors and persons holding stock with preferential rights upon liquidation, the association may not acquire, recall, exchange, or redeem any stock for consideration other than stock or certificates of equity interest of equal or subordinate rank.
(6) (a) If stock is acquired, recalled, exchanged, or redeemed by an association, the stock is restored to the status of authorized but unissued stock.
(b) Stockholders do not have a preemptive right to purchase additional stock.
History: En. Sec. 14, Ch. 233, L. 1921; re-en. Sec. 6441, R.C.M. 1921; re-en. Sec. 6441, R.C.M. 1935; R.C.M. 1947, 14-414(part); amd. Sec. 6, Ch. 130, L. 1999.