35-9-501. Court action to protect shareholders. (1) Subject to satisfying the conditions of subsections (3) and (4), a shareholder of a statutory close corporation may petition the district court for any of the relief described in 35-9-502 through 35-9-504 if:
(a) the directors or those in control of the corporation have acted, are acting, or will act in a manner that is illegal, oppressive, fraudulent, or unfairly prejudicial to the petitioner, whether in the petitioner's capacity as shareholder, director, or officer of the corporation;
(b) the directors or those in control of the corporation are deadlocked in the management of the corporation's affairs, the shareholders are unable to break the deadlock, and the corporation is suffering or will suffer irreparable injury or the business and affairs of the corporation can no longer be conducted to the advantage of the shareholders generally because of the deadlock; or
(c) there exists one or more grounds for judicial dissolution of the corporation under 35-1-938.
(2) A shareholder shall commence a proceeding under subsection (1) in the district court of the county where the corporation's principal office is located or, if there is no principal office in this state, in Lewis and Clark County. The jurisdiction of the court in which the proceeding is commenced is plenary and exclusive.
(3) If a shareholder has agreed in writing to pursue a nonjudicial remedy to resolve disputed matters, the shareholder may not commence a proceeding under this section with respect to the matters until the shareholder has exhausted the nonjudicial remedy.
(4) If a shareholder has dissenters' rights under this chapter or 35-1-826 through 35-1-839 with respect to proposed corporate actions, the shareholder shall commence a proceeding under this section before the shareholder is required to give notice of the intent to demand payment under 35-1-826 through 35-1-839 or the proceeding is barred.
(5) Except as provided in subsections (3) and (4), a shareholder's right to commence a proceeding under this section and the remedies available under 35-9-502 through 35-9-504 are in addition to any other right or remedy the shareholder may have.
History: En. Sec. 22, Ch. 432, L. 1987; amd. Sec. 204, Ch. 368, L. 1991; amd. Sec. 65, Ch. 240, L. 2007.