Montana Code Annotated 2013

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     72-38-411. Modification or termination of irrevocable trust by consent. (1) An irrevocable trust may be modified or terminated upon consent of the settlor and all beneficiaries, even if the modification or termination is inconsistent with a material noncharitable purpose of the trust. Modification or termination of a charitable trust requires the consent of the attorney general. A settlor's power to consent to a trust's modification or termination may be exercised by an agent under a power of attorney only to the extent expressly authorized by the power of attorney and the terms of the trust; by the settlor's conservator with the approval of the court supervising the conservatorship if an agent is not so authorized; or by the settlor's guardian with the approval of the court supervising the guardianship if an agent is not so authorized and a conservator has not been appointed. This subsection does not apply to irrevocable trusts created before or to revocable trusts that became irrevocable before October 1, 1989.
     (2) An irrevocable trust may be terminated upon consent of all of the beneficiaries if the court concludes that continuance of the trust is not necessary to achieve any material purpose of the trust. An irrevocable trust may be modified upon consent of all of the beneficiaries if the court concludes that modification is not inconsistent with a material purpose of the trust. Modification or termination of a charitable trust requires the consent of the attorney general.
     (3) A spendthrift provision in the terms of the trust is presumed to constitute a material purpose of the trust.
     (4) Upon termination of a trust under subsection (1) or (2), the trustee shall distribute the trust property as agreed by the beneficiaries. In the case of a charitable trust, the trust property must be distributed in accord with the terms of the trust, and in the absence of applicable terms, consistent with the charitable purposes of the trust as agreed by the attorney general and the beneficiaries or, if there are no charitable organizations with the rights of a beneficiary and the termination is pursuant to subsection (1), then as agreed by the settlor and the attorney general, but if the termination is pursuant to subsection (2), then as decided by the court.
     (5) If not all of the beneficiaries consent to a proposed modification or termination of the trust under subsection (1) or (2), the modification or termination may be approved by the court if the court is satisfied that:
     (a) if all of the beneficiaries had consented, the trust could have been modified or terminated under this section; and
     (b) the interests of a beneficiary who does not consent will be adequately protected.

     History: En. Sec. 60, Ch. 264, L. 2013.

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