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Study Carbon Sequestration


Carbon sequestration is the practice of capturing carbon dioxide to keep the gas from entering the atmosphere. Scientists and organizations across the nation are studying the carbon capture and sequestration issue. There are efforts to put carbon dioxide underground, which is called geological sequestration, and efforts to store carbon in biomass, such as forest or agricultural systems, which is terrestrial sequestration.

A study bill (H.B. 828) introduced by Rep. Alan Olson that died in process during the 2007 session identified the need for an examination of "implementable and cost-effective methods" for capturing transporting, using and sequestering carbon dioxide in Montana. Carbon was the topic of at least 12 bills considered during the 2007 session (Click here for a list).

H.B. 3, the "Clean and Green" Energy bill approved during the Special Session, provides tax incentives for equipment that sequesters carbon. H.B. 25 includes carbon management aspects. See the specific rules here. Until the state or federal government adopts uniformly applicable standards, HB 25 prohibits the PSC from approving electric generating units primarily fueled by coal unless a minimum of 50 percent of the CO2 produced by the facility is captured and sequestered. Natural gas plants also must include cost-effective carbon offsets.The bill applies only to electric generating units constructed after January 1, 2007. Montana joins California, Oregon, and Washington as states that have adopted a CO2 emissions performance standard for electric generating units.

The 2007-08 Environmental Quality Council is dedicating .4 FTE to studying climate change. ETIC members will limit their study activities strictly to the issue of carbon sequestration.

The ETIC study will:
• (1) Review existing federal and state regulations governing carbon sequestration.
• (2) Review liability issues related to sequestration and legal issues related to ownership, surface and subsurface
• (3) Inventory sources and volumes of carbon produced in Montana.
• (4) Examine methods and technologies for the capture, transportation, use and geological and terrestrial sequestration of carbon.
• (5) Review the economic costs and benefits of carbon sequestration.
• (6) Study the feasibility of geological and terrestrial carbon sequestration in Montana, and the characteristics of areas in the state where carbon could be sequestered.
• (7) Review the findings and recommendations of the Montana Climate Change Advisory Committee (CCAC) related to carbon sequestration.

Work Plan

The ETIC dedicated .5 FTE to this study. The seven topics listed above all will be addressed at least at a minimum. In addition, the committee will hold a two-day meeting in Colstrip on October 4-5 to visit the Colstrip Steam Electric Station.

Included in this study will be an analysis of the pipeline infrastructure in place to transport carbon, a discussion of surface vs. storage rights, and a review of areas of Montana suited for carbon capture and geological sequestration. A panel discussion and a summary of other Western state's efforts on carbon sequestration will be completed.

Deliverables will include a final report with recommendations on carbon sequestration in Montana, issue papers on the individual issues listed above and potential legislation.

Staff Reports

Final Report: Carbon Sequestration Report and Findings
Prepared by Sonja Nowakowski approved Sept. 4, 2008

Part I The Carbon Question: An Overview of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Policies in Place, and Efforts Underway
Prepared by Sonja Nowakowski for October 4-5, 2007 meeting held in Colstrip

Part II The Carbon Question: An Overview of Technologies, CCAC Recommendations, Liability, Ownership Issues and Costs/Benefits
Prepared by Sonja Nowakowski for November 8, 2007 meeting
----------- Regional Climate Activities

Analysis of Ownership Interest Issues in Montana
Prepared by Todd Everts, ETIC Staff Attorney

CO2 Questions for Committee Consideration

IOGCC Analysis
Prepared by Sonja Nowakowski for January 24, 2008 meeting
--- DEQ comments, Bonnie Lovelace
--- BOG comments, Tom Richmond

NCSL Report: Carbon Sequestration Legisation
Supplement on carbon sequestration legislation
Prepared by NCSL and Sonja Nowakowski for May 1-2, 2008 meeting
----- Western states GHG summary

Flowchart for Carbon Sequestration Discussion
Prepared by Sonja Nowakowski for May 1-2, 2008 meeting

Draft Discussion of Findings for Carbon Sequestration
Prepared by Sonja Nowakowski for May 1-2, 2008 meeting

ETIC Study Plan and Responses

Related Study Materials

EPA Proposed Geological Sequestration Rule

IOGCC Model Statutes
September 2007 -- Statute on pages 32-35
--------- IOGCC Safe Drinking Water Act Analysis
--------- IOGCC Property Rights Analysis

Montana Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Reference Case Projections 1990-2020
September 2007

Montana Climate Change Action Plan: Final Report of the Governor's Climate Change Advisory Committe
November 2007
---------- MCCAC Recommendations
---------- Energy Supply Recommendations

20x10 Initiative

Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership

Letter to BOG from EPA

Draft Legislation

*Note: The ETIC voted in July and September not to proceed with the following bill drafts, but to leave them available as an information source for the public.

Carbon Sequestration Study Bill
(Draft requested at May 1-2 ETIC meeting)

Carbon Sequestration Pore Space Ownership
(Draft requested at May 1-2 ETIC meeting)

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Last Modified:
6/10/2013 10:22:32 AM