House Bill No. 547
Introduced By rehbein, halligan, brooke, denny, squires, jore, orr, carey, harrington, mccann, marshall, grimes, waterman, cobb, kottel, wells, mcculloch, baer, brainard
A Bill for an Act entitled: An Act requiring that the proceeds, less costs, from the sale of game animal meat seized from a person found guilty of illegally killing a wild animal or game animal be statutorily appropriated to the department of public health and human services for the purposes of awarding grants to the Montana food bank network; requiring that meat from an illegally taken game animal seized by game wardens be either donated directly to the montana food bank network or public or charitable institutions or sold, with the proceeds, less costs, going to the department of public health and human services; allowing the department of livestock to capture, test, quarantine, vaccinate, and sell live wild buffalo or bison to help defray costs incurred as part of the disease control program; allowing the department of livestock to transfer brucellosis-free wild buffalo or bison to qualified tribal entities under certain conditions; providing that revenue generated in excess of funds needed for the wild buffalo or bison disease control program be statutorily appropriated to the department of public health and human services for the purposes of awarding grants to the montana food bank network; and amending sections 17-7-502, 81-2-120, 87-1-506, and 87-1-513, MCA.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Montana:
Section 1. Section 17-7-502, MCA, is amended to read:
"17-7-502. Statutory appropriations -- definition -- requisites for validity. (1) A statutory appropriation is an appropriation made by permanent law that authorizes spending by a state agency without the need for a biennial legislative appropriation or budget amendment.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (4), to be effective, a statutory appropriation must comply with both of the following provisions:
(a) The law containing the statutory authority must be listed in subsection (3).
(b) The law or portion of the law making a statutory appropriation must specifically state that a statutory appropriation is made as provided in this section.
(3) The following laws are the only laws containing statutory appropriations: 2-9-202; 2-17-105; 2-18-812; 3-5-901; 5-13-403; 10-3-203; 10-3-310; 10-3-312; 10-3-314; 10-4-301; 15-1-111; 15-23-706; 15-30-195; 15-31-702; 15-37-117; 15-38-202; 15-65-121; 15-70-101; 16-1-404; 16-1-410; 16-1-411; 16-11-308; 17-3-106; 17-3-212; 17-5-404; 17-5-424; 17-5-804; 17-6-101; 17-6-201; 17-7-304; 18-11-112; 19-2-502; 19-6-709; 19-9-1007; 19-17-301; 19-18-512; 19-18-513; 19-18-606; 19-19-205; 19-19-305; 19-19-506; 20-8-107; 20-8-111; 20-9-361; 20-26-1503; 23-5-136; 23-5-306; 23-5-409; 23-5-610; 23-5-612; 23-5-631; 23-7-301; 23-7-402; 32-1-537; 37-43-204; 37-51-501; 39-71-503; 39-71-907; 39-71-2321; 39-71-2504; 44-12-206; 44-13-102; 50-4-623; 50-5-232; 50-40-206; 53-6-150; 53-6-703; 53-24-206; 60-2-220; 67-3-205; 75-1-1101; 75-5-1108; 75-6-214; 75-11-313; 76-12-123; 80-2-103; 80-2-222; 80-4-416; 81-5-111; 82-11-136; 82-11-161; 85-1-220; 85-20-402; 87-1-513; 90-3-301; 90-4-215; 90-6-331; 90-7-220; 90-7-221; and 90-9-306.
(4) There is a statutory appropriation to pay the principal, interest, premiums, and costs of issuing, paying, and securing all bonds, notes, or other obligations, as due, that have been authorized and issued pursuant to the laws of Montana. Agencies that have entered into agreements authorized by the laws of Montana to pay the state treasurer, for deposit in accordance with 17-2-101 through 17-2-107, as determined by the state treasurer, an amount sufficient to pay the principal and interest as due on the bonds or notes have statutory appropriation authority for the payments. (In subsection (3): pursuant to sec. 7, Ch. 567, L. 1991, the inclusion of 19-6-709 terminates upon death of last recipient eligible for supplemental benefit; and pursuant to sec. 7(2), Ch. 29, L. 1995, the inclusion of 15-30-195 terminates July 1, 2001.)"
Section 2. Section 81-2-120, MCA, is amended to read:
"81-2-120. Management of wild buffalo or bison for disease control. (1) Whenever a publicly owned wild buffalo or bison from a herd that is infected with a dangerous disease enters the state of Montana on public or private land and the disease may spread to persons or livestock or whenever the presence of wild buffalo or bison may jeopardize Montana's compliance with other state-administered or federally administered livestock disease control programs, the department may, under a plan approved by the governor, use any feasible method in taking one or more of the following actions:
(a) The live wild buffalo or bison may be physically removed by the safest and most expeditious means from within the state boundaries, including but not limited to hazing and aversion tactics or capture, transportation, quarantine, or delivery to a department-approved slaughterhouse.
(b) The live wild buffalo or bison may be destroyed by the use of firearms. If a firearm cannot be used for reasons of public safety or regard for public or private property, the animal may be relocated to a place that is free from public or private hazards and destroyed by firearms or by a humane means of euthanasia.
(c) The live wild buffalo or bison may be captured, tested, quarantined, and vaccinated. Wild buffalo or bison that are certified by the state veterinarian as brucellosis-free may be:
(i) sold to help defray the costs that the department incurs in building, maintaining, and operating necessary facilities related to the capture, testing, quarantine, or vaccination of the wild buffalo or bison; or
(ii) transferred to qualified tribal entities that participate in the disease control program provided for in this subsection (1)(c). Acquisition of wild buffalo or bison by a qualified tribal entity must be done in a manner that does not jeopardize compliance with a state-administered or federally administered livestock disease control program. The department may adopt rules consistent with this section governing tribal participation in the program or enter into cooperative agreements with tribal organizations for the purposes of carrying out the disease control program.
(d) Proceeds from the sale of live, brucellosis-free, vaccinated wild buffalo or bison must be deposited in the state special revenue fund to the credit of the department.
(e) Any revenue generated in excess of the costs referred to in subsection (1)(c)(i) must be deposited in the state special revenue fund provided for in 87-1-513(2).
(2) Whenever the department is responsible for the death of a wild buffalo or bison, either purposefully or unintentionally, the carcass of the animal must be disposed of by the most economical means, including but not limited to burying, incineration, rendering, or field dressing for donation or delivery to a department-approved slaughterhouse or slaughter destination.
(3) In disposing of the carcass, the department:
(a) as first priority, may donate a wild buffalo or bison carcass to a charity or to an Indian tribal organization; or
(b) may sell a wild buffalo or bison carcass to help defray expenses of the department. If the carcass is sold in this manner, the department shall deposit any revenue derived from the sale of the wild buffalo or bison carcass to the state special revenue fund to the credit of the department.
(4) The department may adopt rules with regard to management of publicly owned wild buffalo or bison that enter Montana on private or public land and that are from a herd that is infected with a contagious disease that may spread to persons or livestock and may jeopardize compliance with other state-administered or federally administered livestock disease control programs."
Section 3. Section 87-1-506, MCA, is amended to read:
"87-1-506. Enforcement powers of wardens. (1) A warden may:
(1)(a) serve a subpoena issued by a court for the trial of a violator of the fish and game laws; (2)(b) search, without a warrant, any tent not used as a residence, any boat, vehicle, box, locker, basket, creel, crate, game
bag, or package, or their contents upon probable cause to believe that any fish and game law or department rule for the
protection, conservation, or propagation of game, fish, birds, or fur-bearing animals has been violated; (3)(c) search, with a search warrant, any dwelling house or other building; (4)(d) seize game, fish, game birds, and fur-bearing animals and any parts of them taken or possessed in violation of the
law or the rules of the department; (5)(e) seize and hold, subject to law or the orders of the department, devices which that have been used to unlawfully take
game, fish, birds, or fur-bearing animals; (6)(f) arrest, in accordance with Title 46, chapter 6, a violator of a fish and game law or rule of the department, violation of
which is a misdemeanor; (7)(g) enforce the disorderly conduct and public nuisance laws, (45-8-101 and 45-8-111 ), as they apply to the operation of
motorboats on all waters of the state; (8)(h) as provided for in 37-47-345, investigate and make arrests for violations of the provisions of Title 37, chapter 47,
and of any rules adopted pursuant to that chapter relating to the regulation of outfitters and guides in the state; and (9)(i) exercise the other powers of peace officers in the enforcement of the fish and game laws, the rules of the department,
and judgments obtained for violation of those laws or rules.
(2) The meat of game animals that are seized pursuant to subsection (1)(d) must be donated directly to the Montana food bank network, or to public or charitable institutions, to the extent reasonably feasible. Any meat that the department is unable to donate must be sold pursuant to 87-1-511, with the proceeds to be distributed as provided in 87-1-513(2)."
Section 4. Section 87-1-513, MCA, is amended to read:
"87-1-513. Disposition of proceeds of sale. (1) The money obtained upon the sale of seized property must be retained
and accounted for by the department when the person having the property in possession at the time of seizure is prosecuted
or when a prosecution of the person is pending. If the person charged with violation of the law is found guilty of or forfeits
bond for violation of the fish and game laws of the state, the money received for the sale of seized property must be paid
over to the state treasurer and be deposited to the credit of the
fish and game fund fish and game fund, except as provided in
subsection (2). If the party from whom the property was taken is not found guilty of any violation of the fish and game laws
of this state, the money must be paid to the party from whom the game birds, wild animals, fish, or parts or portions thereof
were taken. An officer is not liable for any damage on account of any search, examination, seizure, or sale. When wild
animals, game birds, or fish are seized as provided in this part and the person or persons who killed or captured the wild
animals, game birds, or fish cannot be ascertained or when the animals sold were killed pursuant to 87-1-225, then the
money received from the sale of the wild animals, game birds, or fish must be paid directly to the state treasurer. The cost
of advertising notice of sale, as required by 87-1-511, must be paid from the fish and game fund.
(2) The proceeds, after the department's cost of conducting the sale and costs incurred in donating game animal meat are deducted, from the sale of seized game animal meat must be deposited in the state special revenue fund to the credit of the department of public health and human services and are statutorily appropriated, as provided in 17-7-502, to the department of public health and human services for the purposes of awarding grants to the Montana food bank network in this state. Money from the grants awarded to the Montana food bank network must be used for the processing of donated game animal meat. Any grant funds remaining after donated game animal meat is processed may be used for other appropriate purposes by the Montana food bank network."