Senate Bill No. 59
Introduced By swysgood
A Bill for an Act entitled: An Act extending the period for suspension of adjudication proceedings during negotiations of federal Indian and non-Indian reserved water rights; amending sections 85-2-217 and 85-2-702, MCA; and providing an effective date.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Montana:
Section 1. Section 85-2-217, MCA, is amended to read:
"85-2-217. Suspension of adjudication. While negotiations for the conclusion of a compact under part 7 are being
pursued, all proceedings to generally adjudicate reserved Indian water rights and federal reserved water rights of those
tribes and federal agencies
which that are negotiating are suspended. The obligation to file water rights claims for those
reserved rights is also suspended. This suspension shall be is effective until July 1, 1999 2005, as long as negotiations are
continuing or ratification of a completed compact is being sought. If approval by the state legislature and tribes or federal
agencies has not been accomplished by July 1, 1999 2005, the suspension shall must terminate on that date. Upon
termination of the suspension of this part, the tribes and the federal agencies shall be are subject to the special filing
requirements of 85-2-702(3) and all other requirements of the state water adjudication system provided for in Title 85,
chapter 2. Those tribes and federal agencies that choose not to negotiate their reserved water rights are subject to the full
operation of the state adjudication system and may not benefit from the suspension provisions of this section."
Section 2. Section 85-2-702, MCA, is amended to read:
"85-2-702. Negotiation with Indian tribes. (1) The reserved water rights compact commission, created by 2-15-212,
may negotiate with the Indian tribes or their authorized representatives jointly or severally to conclude compacts authorized
under 85-2-701. Compact proceedings
shall must be commenced by the commission. The commission shall serve by
certified mail directed to the governing body of each tribe a written request for the initiation of negotiations under this part
and a request for the designation of an authorized representative of the tribe to conduct compact negotiations. Upon
Compact negotiations commence upon receipt of such the written designation from the governing body of a tribe , compact
negotiations shall be considered to have commenced.
(2) When the compact commission and the Indian tribes or their authorized representatives have agreed to a compact, they shall sign a copy and file an original copy with the department of state of the United States of America and copies with the secretary of state of Montana and with the governing body for the tribe involved. The compact is effective and binding upon all parties upon ratification by the legislature of Montana and any affected tribal governing body, and approval by the appropriate federal authority.
(3) Upon its ratification by the Montana legislature and the tribe, the terms of a compact must be included in the
preliminary decree as provided by 85-2-231, and unless an objection to the compact is sustained under 85-2-233, the terms
of the compact must be included in the final decree without alteration. However, if approval of the state legislature and the
tribe has not been accomplished by July 1,
1999 2005, all Indian claims for reserved water rights that have not been
resolved by a compact must be filed with the department within 6 months. These new filings shall must be used in the
formulation of the preliminary decree and shall must be given treatment similar to that given to all other filings."
Section 3. Notification to tribal governments. The secretary of state shall send a copy of [this act] to each tribal government located on the seven Montana reservations.
Section 4. Effective date. [This act] is effective on July 1, 1997.