Senate Bill No. 90
Introduced By grosfield
By Request of the Department of Public Health and Human Services
A Bill for an Act entitled: "An Act generally revising the laws relating to public swimming pools and public bathing places; granting the department of public health and human services additional rulemaking authority; establishing a voluntary swimming pool operator certification program, including fees; requiring that the state or a political subdivision be required to license a public swimming pool or public bathing place but be exempt from paying the fee; granting license renewal as a matter of right; providing for staggered expiration dates for licenses; providing for facility plan review and fees; providing for enforcement methods and civil and administrative penalties; providing for critical point violations and closure orders; creating a state special revenue account; amending sections 50-53-102, 50-53-103, 50-53-106, 50-53-201, 50-53-202, 50-53-203, 50-53-204, 50-53-209, 50-53-212, and 50-53-216, MCA; and providing effective dates and a retroactive applicability date."
STATEMENT OF INTENT
A statement of intent is required for this bill because it grants the department of public health and human services rulemaking authority to adopt rules to establish a voluntary swimming pool operator certification program and to set course fees that do not exceed the department's costs of implementing and administering the voluntary swimming pool operator certification program. This bill also requires the department to conduct facility plan reviews, to adopt rules for facility plan reviews, and to set facility plan review fees. The rules must include the contents of the application for a facility plan review and procedures for the conduct of facility plan reviews. The plan review fees may be set only at a level necessary to cover the cost to the department of reviewing facility plans for public swimming pools and public bathing places. This bill also grants the department rulemaking authority to establish critical point violations that may justify immediate closure of a facility. Rules may also provide for staggered expiration dates for licenses.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Montana:
Section 1. Section 50-53-102, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-102. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Critical point violation" means a violation of this chapter or rules promulgated under this chapter that is more likely than other violations to pose an immediate threat to the public health, safety, or welfare or to the environment.
(2) "Department" means the department of public health and human services provided for in 2-15-2201.
(2)(3) "Local board of health" or "board" means a local board as defined in 50-2-101. (3)(4) "Local health officer" or "officer" means a local health officer as defined in 50-2-101.
(5) "Operate" means to maintain, manage, own, or be in charge of a public swimming pool or public bathing place.
(6) "Operator" means a person who operates a public swimming pool or public bathing place.
(4)(7) "Person" means a person, firm, partnership, corporation, organization, the state, or any political subdivision of the
state. (5)(8) "Public bathing place" means a body of water with bathhouses and related appurtenances operated for the public. (6)(9) "Public swimming pool" means an artificial pool and bathhouses and related appurtenances for swimming, bathing,
or wading, including natural hot water pools. The term does not include:
(a) swimming pools located on private property used for swimming or bathing only by the owner, members of the owner's family, or their invited guests; or
(b) medicinal hot water baths for individual use."
Section 2. Section 50-53-103, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-103. Department rules. (1) The department
shall may adopt rules relating to the operation of public swimming
pools and public bathing places, including rules:
(a) setting standards to ensure sanitation and safety in public swimming pools and public bathing places to protect public health and safety;
(b) relating to the licensing of operators of public swimming pools and public bathing places;
(c) providing procedures for the enforcement of the laws and rules relating to public swimming pools and public bathing places;
(d) relating to cooperative agreements between the department and local boards of health;
(e) setting performance standards for local boards of health, local health officers, and sanitarians to meet as a condition to receipt of funds provided by the department pursuant to 50-53-218;
(f) establishing program requirements for a voluntary swimming pool operator certification program and setting course fees that do not exceed the actual costs of implementing and administering the program;
(g) implementing staggered license expiration dates;
(h) setting standards for public swimming pool and public bathing place facility plan reviews based on the size and complexity of the proposed facility, the type of proposed treatment equipment, the proposed water and sewage systems, and other relevant factors and setting fees that do not exceed the actual costs of conducting the review; and
(i) establishing critical point violations.
(2) Any rule relating to the design, construction, reconstruction, alteration, conversion, repair, inspection, or use of buildings or installation of equipment in buildings is effective only when it has been adopted by the department of commerce as part of the state building code and filed with the secretary of state pursuant to 50-60-204."
Section 3. Section 50-53-106, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-106. Duties of pool operators -- voluntary operator certification -- fees. (1) Each person operating a public swimming pool or public bathing place shall:
(1)(a) operate the public swimming pool or public bathing place in a sanitary and safe manner; (2)(b) keep records of public health and safety information required by the department; and (3)(c) furnish information to the department on forms prescribed by it.
(2) The department may establish and set fees for a voluntary statewide swimming pool operator certification program for training and certifying pool operators. All of the fees collected under this subsection must be deposited in the special revenue account provided for in [section 14] and may be used only for the purposes of implementing and administering the voluntary swimming pool operator certification program."
Section 4. Section 50-53-201, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-201. License required -- fee exemption -- validation. (1)
Except as provided in subsection (3), a A person may
not operate a public swimming pool or public bathing place without annually obtaining a license from the department.
(2) A separate license is required for each public swimming pool or public bathing place unless more than one public swimming pool is operated on the same premises by the same person, in which case a single license is required for all public swimming pools on the premises.
(3) The state or a political subdivision of the state owning or operating a public swimming pool or public bathing place is
not required to obtain a license under subsection (1) but must comply with the health and safety requirements in 50-53-101
through 50-53-109 and this part and the rules of the department is not required to pay the license fee provided for in
(4) A license issued by the department is not valid unless signed in accordance with 50-53-206 or in accordance with 50-53-207, in the case of an appeal."
Section 5. Section 50-53-202, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-202. Application for and right to license -- right to renewal. (1) An application for both an original and renewal license to operate a public swimming pool or public bathing place must be made to the department, must contain the information required by the department, and, except as provided in 50-53-201, must be accompanied by the fee provided for in 50-53-203.
(2) A license must be issued to an applicant who has satisfied the requirements for a license provided in 50-53-101 through 50-53-109, this part, and department rules.
(3) An existing license may be renewed as a matter of right unless conditions exist that are grounds for cancellation or denial of a license.
(3)(4) Upon issuing a license, the department shall forward the license to the appropriate local health officer for validation
as provided in 50-53-206."
Section 6. Section 50-53-203, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-203. License fee and late fee -- disposition. (1) (a) Except as provided in 50-53-201 and subsection (1)(b) of this section, each application for an original or renewal license must be accompanied by a license fee of $75.
(b) The fee for an original or renewal license for a public swimming pool or public bathing place operated in conjunction
with a campground, trailer court, work camp, youth camp, bed and breakfast, hotel, motel, roominghouse, boardinghouse,
retirement home, or tourist home is $50.
(2) An operator of a public swimming pool or public bathing place, including the state or a political subdivision of the state owning or operating a public swimming pool or public bathing place, who fails to renew a license by the expiration date provided in 50-53-204 or the expiration date established by department rule and who operates the public swimming pool or public bathing place in the license year for which a renewal fee was not paid shall, upon renewal, pay to the department a late renewal fee of $25 in addition to the renewal fee required by subsection (1). Payment of the late renewal fee does not relieve the operator of responsibility for any operation without a license.
(3) The department shall deposit 85% of the fees collected under subsection (1) in the state special revenue fund to the credit of the local board inspection fund account created by 50-2-108. Money deposited in the local board inspection fund account is subject to appropriation by the legislature for the purposes of 50-53-218.
(4) The department shall deposit 15% of the fees collected under subsection (1) and all the fees collected under subsection (2) in an account in the state special revenue fund provided for in [section 14] to be appropriated by the legislature to the department for the enforcement of 50-53-101 through 50-53-109 and this part."
Section 7. Section 50-53-204, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-204. License expiration -- nontransferability. (1)
A Except as provided in subsection (2), each license issued
under 50-53-101 through 50-53-109 and this part expires on December 31 of the year of issuance unless it is suspended or
canceled by the department before that date.
(2) The department may amend or issue licenses to provide for staggered license expiration dates. The department may provide for initial license terms of greater than 12 months but no more than 23 months in adopting staggered license expiration dates, and the license fee must be prorated accordingly. Upon expiration of a license that has been amended or issued to provide a term of greater than 12 months and subsequent payment of the required license fee, the license must be renewed for a period of 12 months commencing on the day following the expiration date of the amended or issued license.
(2)(3) A license issued under 50-53-101 through 50-53-109 and this part is not transferable."
Section 8. Section 50-53-209, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-209. Cooperative agreements
-- inspections. (1) The department may enter into cooperative agreements with
local boards of health to authorize those boards to act as agents of the department and to conduct inspections of and enforce
applicable statutes and department rules relating to public swimming pools and public bathing places within the
jurisdictions of the respective boards. (2) The department or a local board of health, pursuant to a cooperative agreement, shall annually conduct: (a) at least one full facility inspection and one critical point inspection of each public swimming pool or public bathing
place operated throughout the year; and (b) at least one full facility inspection of each seasonal public swimming pool or public bathing place. carry out the
provisions of this chapter."
Section 9. Section 50-53-212, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-212. Administrative enforcement -- notice -- department hearing. (1) A license may not be denied, suspended,
or canceled or corrective action may not be ordered by the department unless the department delivers to the license
applicant or licensee a written notice of violation that contains a written statement of the facts constituting the violation and
a citation to the statute or rule of the department alleged to have been violated.
No further Further administrative
enforcement action may not be taken by the department pursuant to the notice if within 10 days after receipt of the notice,
the license applicant or licensee complies with the provisions of 50-53-213.
(2) The department may combine with any notice issued under subsection (1) an order for the suspension or cancellation of
a license or for corrective action as the department finds necessary to remedy the violation evidenced in the notice. The
order becomes final 10 days after
service mailing unless within that time the license applicant or licensee requests a hearing
pursuant to subsection (4) or submits a corrective action plan in accordance with 50-53-213. Until issuance of a contrary
decision by the department, an order concerning corrective action remains effective and enforceable.
(3) The department may combine with any notice or order issued under subsection (1) or (2) an order for the license applicant or licensee to appear before the department within a time specified by the department and show cause why the department should not deny, suspend, or cancel the license or otherwise order compliance with 50-53-101 through 50-53-109, this part, and the rules of the department, or the department may initiate action under any other applicable provision of this chapter.
(4) A hearing request by a license applicant or licensee must be made in writing to the department and must specify the mistake in the facts or law relied on by the department. A hearing held pursuant to this section must be held in accordance with the contested case procedure of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act. Following a hearing, the department may issue an appropriate order for the prevention, abatement, or control of the violation involved or for taking other corrective action. As appropriate, an order issued as a part of a notice or after a hearing may prescribe the date by which the violation must cease and the time limits for particular action in preventing, abating, or controlling the violation. Service of notice or an order mailed by the department is complete upon mailing."
Section 10. Section 50-53-216, MCA, is amended to read:
"50-53-216. Civil penalties -- other enforcement not barred. (1)
A person who An establishment that violates a
provision of 50-53-101 through 50-53-109 and this part, the rules of the department implementing those sections, an order
of the department, or any condition of a license issued by the department is subject to a civil penalty not to exceed $500 for
each violation. Each day of violation is a separate violation for the purposes of this section.
(2) An action for collection of a civil penalty under this section does not bar an administrative penalty under [section 13], administrative enforcement under 50-53-212, an action for injunctive relief under 50-53-104, or enforcement under 50-53-109."
NEW SECTION. Section 11. Facility plan review required -- fees. (1) Prior to any new construction, major repair, or alteration of a public swimming pool or public bathing place, a person intending to operate a public swimming pool or public bathing place shall submit a facility plan to the department. The department shall adopt rules establishing when a repair or alteration is considered a major repair or alteration and regarding the content of a facility plan and the conduct of a facility plan review.
(2) The department may collect fees, adopted by rule, that do not exceed the actual costs of conducting the facility plan review. The fees collected under this section must be deposited in the special revenue account provided for in [section 14].
NEW SECTION. Section 12. Critical point violations -- closure order -- hearing. (1) Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter, the department may issue a closure order to an operator of a public swimming pool or public bathing place to close immediately if a critical point violation is found. The order is effective immediately upon receipt by the person to whom it is directed, unless the department provides otherwise.
(2) Notice of the order must indicate that it is a closure order, must specify the critical point violation that presents the immediate threat, and must contain a written statement of the facts constituting the violation.
(3) Upon issuing an order, the department shall fix a place and time for a hearing, not later than 5 working days after issuing the order, unless the person to whom the order is directed requests a later time. The department may deny a request for a later time if it finds that the person to whom the order is directed is not complying with the order. The hearing must be conducted in the manner specified in 50-53-212.
(4) After a hearing held pursuant to subsection (3), if the department finds that a critical point violation has occurred, the department shall issue an appropriate order in the manner specified in 50-53-212. Within 5 working days after the hearing, the department shall affirm, modify, or set aside the closure order of the department. An action for review of the order may be initiated using the contested case provisions of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act, as provided in Title 2, chapter 4, part 6. If a hearing is held under this section, it must be held in Lewis and Clark County or the county in which the alleged violation occurred.
(5) Until issuance of a contrary decision by the department, an order concerning immediate closure remains effective and enforceable.
NEW SECTION. Section 13. Administrative penalties -- appeals -- venue for hearing. (1) An establishment that violates an order issued by the department pursuant to 50-53-212 or [section 12] may be assessed and ordered by the department to pay an administrative penalty not to exceed $200 for each violation. Each day of violation constitutes a separate violation. The department may assess the penalty by an order issued pursuant to this section or may suspend all or a part of the administrative penalty assessed under this section if the violation that caused the assessment of the penalty is corrected within a specified time. Assessment of an administrative penalty under this section may be made in conjunction with an order issued pursuant to [section 12(2)] after a hearing as provided in [section 12(3)].
(2) When the department assesses an administrative penalty under this section, it must have written notice served personally or by certified mail on the alleged violator or the violator's agent. For purposes of this chapter, service by mail is complete on the day of receipt. The notice must state:
(a) the order alleged to have been violated;
(b) the facts alleged to constitute the violation;
(c) the amount of the administrative penalty assessed under this section;
(d) the amount, if any, of the penalty to be suspended upon correction of the condition that caused the assessment of the penalty;
(e) the nature of any corrective action that the department requires if a portion of the penalty is to be suspended;
(f) the time within which the corrective action is to be taken or the time within which the administrative penalty is to be paid;
(g) the right to a hearing, as provided in this section, and the time, place, and nature of any hearing; and
(h) that the hearing provided in this section may be waived or that the alleged violator may proceed by informal disposition pursuant to 2-4-603.
(3) The department shall provide the respondent who is assessed a penalty under this section with an opportunity for a hearing to either contest the alleged violation or request mitigation of the penalty. The contested case provisions of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act, provided for in Title 2, chapter 4, part 6, apply to a hearing conducted under this section. If a hearing is held under this section, it must be held in Lewis and Clark County or the county in which the alleged violation occurred.
(4) In determining appropriate penalties for violations, the department shall consider the gravity of the violations and the potential for significant harm to the public health or safety. In determining the appropriate amount of penalty, if any, to be suspended upon correction of the condition that caused the penalty assessment, the department shall consider the cooperation and the degree of care exercised by the respondent who is assessed the penalty, how expeditiously the violation was corrected, and whether significant harm resulted to the public health or safety from the violation.
(5) If the respondent fails to pay all or part of an administrative penalty assessed pursuant to this section, the department may take action in district court to recover the amount of the penalty that is unpaid and any additional amounts assessed or sought under this chapter.
(6) Action taken by the department pursuant to this section does not bar other action under this chapter or any other remedy available to the department for violations of applicable laws or rules adopted pursuant to those laws.
(7) Administrative penalties collected under this section must be deposited in the special revenue account provided for in [section 14].
NEW SECTION. Section 14. Special revenue account. There is an account in the state special revenue fund. Money in the account is allocated to the department to be used to administer the provisions of this chapter and the rules adopted under it.
NEW SECTION. Section 15. Codification instruction. (1) [Section 11] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 50, chapter 53, and the provisions of Title 50, chapter 53, apply to [section 11].
(2) [Sections 12 through 14] are intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 50, chapter 53, part 2, and the provisions of Title 50, chapter 53, part 2, apply to [sections 12 through 14].
NEW SECTION. Section 16. Retroactive applicability. [This act] applies retroactively, within the meaning of 1-2-109, to licenses issued pursuant to Title 50, chapter 53, prior to October 1, 1997.
NEW SECTION. Section 17. Effective dates. (1) [Sections 2, 15, and 16 and this section] are effective on passage and approval.
(2) [Sections 1 and 3 through 14] are effective October 1, 1997.