Senate Bill No. 376
Introduced By _______________________________________________________________________________
By Request of the Senate business and industry committee
A Bill for an Act entitled: "An Act transferring the licensing of dealers of personal watercraft, snowmobiles, and off-highway vehicles and the regulation of sales and distribution of personal watercraft, snowmobiles, and off-highway vehicles to the department of justice; and amending sections 23-2-502, 23-2-619, 23-2-803, 23-2-812, 23-2-818, 61-4-101, 61-4-102, 61-4-201, 61-4-402, and 61-4-501, MCA."
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Montana:
Section 1. Section 23-2-502, MCA, is amended to read:
"23-2-502. Definitions. As used in this part, unless the context clearly requires a different meaning, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Certificate of number" means the certificate issued annually by the county treasurer to the owner of a motorboat or by
the department of justice to dealers or manufacturers, assigning
such the motorboat an identifying number and containing
such information as required.
(2) "Certificate of ownership" means a certificate issued by the department of justice identifying the owner of a motorboat or sailboat 12 feet in length or longer.
(3) (a) "Dealer" means
any a person who engages in whole or in part in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging new
and unused vessels or used vessels, or both, either outright or on conditional sale, bailment, lease, chattel mortgage, or
otherwise, and who has an established place of business for sale, trade, and display of vessels. A yacht broker is a dealer.
(b) A person engaged in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging new and unused personal watercraft or used personal watercraft, or both, is not a dealer for the purposes of this part.
(4) "Department" means the department of fish, wildlife, and parks of the state of Montana.
(5) "Documented vessel" means a vessel
which that has and is required to have a valid marine document as a vessel of the
(6) "Identifying number" means the boat number set forth in the certificate of number and properly displayed on the motorboat.
(7) "License decals" means the serially numbered license stickers issued annually by the county treasurer and displayed as required by law.
(8) "Lienholder" means a person holding a security interest.
(9) (a) "Manufacturer" means
any a person engaged in the business of manufacturing or importing new and unused vessels
or new and unused outboard motors for the purpose of sale or trade.
(b) A person engaged in the business of manufacturing or importing new and used personal watercraft is not a manufacturer for the purposes of this part.
(10) "Motorboat" means any vessel, including a canoe, kayak, personal watercraft, rubber raft, or pontoon, propelled by any
machinery, motor, or engine of any description, whether or not
such the machinery, motor, or engine is the principal source
of propulsion. The term includes boats temporarily equipped with detachable motors or engines but does not include a
vessel which that has a valid marine document issued by the U.S. coast guard of the United States government or any
federal agency successor thereto to the U.S. coast guard.
(11) "Operate" means to navigate or otherwise use a motorboat or a vessel.
(12) "Operator" means the person who navigates, drives, or is otherwise in immediate control of a motorboat or vessel.
(13) "Owner" means a person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a motorboat or vessel. The term includes a person entitled to the use or possession of a motorboat or vessel subject to an interest in another person, reserved or created by an agreement securing payment or performance of an obligation, but the term excludes a lessee under a lease not intended as security.
(14) "Passenger" means every person carried on board a vessel other than:
(a) the owner or
his the owner's representative;
(b) the operator;
(c) bona fide members of the crew engaged in the business of the vessel who have not contributed
no consideration for
their carriage and who are paid for their services; or
(d) any guest on board a vessel
which that is being used exclusively for pleasure purposes who has not contributed any
consideration, directly or indirectly, for his the individual's carriage.
(15) "Person" means an individual, partnership, firm, corporation, association, or other entity.
(16) "Personal watercraft" means a vessel that uses an outboard motor or an inboard engine powering a water jet pump as its primary source of propulsion and that is designed to be operated by a person sitting, standing, or kneeling on the vessel rather than by the conventional method of sitting or standing in the vessel.
(17) "Security interest" means an interest that is reserved or created by an agreement that secures payment or performance of an obligation and is valid against third parties generally.
(18) "Uniform state waterway marking system" means one of two categories:
(a) a system of aids to navigation to supplement the federal system of marking in state waters;
(b) a system of regulatory markers to warn a vessel operator of dangers or to provide general information and directions.
(19) "Vessel" means every description of watercraft, unless otherwise defined by the department, other than a seaplane on the water, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water.
(20) "Waters of this state" means any waters within the territorial limits of this state."
Section 2. Section 23-2-619, MCA, is amended to read:
Dealer registration certificate -- use of fees Licensed dealers. (1) A dealer registration certificate must be
licensed issued in accordance with 23-2-601 through 23-2-644 the provisions of 61-4-101. (2) The dealer application must be accompanied by an application fee of $5 and a registration fee of $5. Upon receipt of
the dealer application and payment of fees, the dealer shall be issued two dealer snowmobile identification cards that must
be carried by the dealer or the dealer's customer when demonstrating the dealer's snowmobiles. (3) A bond is not required of the dealer. (4) The dealer shall have a principal place of business where the dealer shall maintain all business records and display and
sell merchandise. (5) An applicant for renewal of a snowmobile dealer registration shall certify that the applicant has sold five or more
snowmobiles during the preceding year or pay an additional $50 renewal registration fee or provide a copy of a written new
snowmobile franchise or sales agreement that the applicant has with a manufacturer, importer, or distributor. (6) Additional dealer snowmobile identification cards as required by need justified to the department of justice may be
purchased by the dealer for a fee of $2. (7) Dealer registration certificates and identification cards expire on June 30 following the date of issuance. (8) (a) The dealer application fees and all interest accruing from use of this money must be deposited in the state special
revenue fund to the credit of the department, with one-half designated for use in enforcing the purposes of 23-2-601
through 23-2-644 and one-half designated for use in the development, maintenance, and operation of snowmobile facilities. (b) All money collected from dealer registration and renewal registration fees must be deposited in the general fund."
Section 3. Section 23-2-803, MCA, is amended to read:
"23-2-803. Fee in lieu of tax on off-highway vehicles -- exception -- disposition of fees. (1) There is a fee in lieu of tax
on off-highway vehicles, other than off-highway vehicles constituting the inventory of a dealership licensed
provided in 23-2-818, to be paid to the county treasurer of the county in which the owner of the off-highway vehicle
(a) The fee for an off-highway vehicle less than 3 years old is $19. In all other cases the fee is $9.
(b) The age of an off-highway vehicle is determined by subtracting the manufacturer's designated model year from the current calendar year.
(2) (a) Except as provided in subsection (2)(b), the county treasurer shall distribute all fees in lieu of tax collected on off-highway vehicles pursuant to this section in the relative proportions required by the levies for state, county, school district, and municipal purposes in the same manner as personal property taxes are distributed.
(b) The county treasurer shall remit $1 of the fee in lieu of tax collected on an off-highway vehicle to the department of agriculture for deposit in the noxious weed management trust fund provided for in 80-7-811."
Section 4. Section 23-2-812, MCA, is amended to read:
"23-2-812. Transfer of interest. (1) To transfer a certificate of ownership for an off-highway vehicle registered under 23-2-817, the person whose title or interest is to be transferred shall endorse the certificate of ownership in the appropriate space on the reverse side of the certificate and must have the signature acknowledged before a notary public.
(2) (a) Within 20 calendar days after the date of notarization, the transferee shall apply to the county treasurer of the county in which the transferee resides for:
(i) transfer of the endorsed certificate of ownership;
(ii) registration of the off-highway vehicle; and
(iii) issuance of a decal as required by 23-2-804.
(b) The county treasurer shall forward the application and the original certificate of ownership to the department of justice, which shall file the application upon receipt.
(c) A certificate of ownership may not be issued by the department of justice until the outstanding certificates are surrendered to that office or their loss is established.
(d) The county treasurer shall collect a fee of $5 for each application for transfer of ownership, of which:
(i) $3.50 must be forwarded to the department of justice for deposit in the general fund; and
(ii) $1.50 must be retained by the county treasurer for the cost of administering this section.
(3) To effect by operation of law a transfer of interest in an off-highway vehicle, the provisions of 61-3-201(3) are applicable.
(4) (a) A person who purchases a new or used off-highway vehicle from an off-highway vehicle dealer licensed
provided in 23-2-818 shall, within 20 calendar days after the purchase date, apply to the county treasurer of the county in
which the person resides for:
(i) a certificate of ownership;
(ii) registration of the off-highway vehicle; and
(iii) a decal as required by 23-2-804.
(b) During this period, the sticker provided for in subsection (6) must remain affixed to the off-highway vehicle.
(5) It is not a violation of this part for a purchaser to operate a newly acquired off-highway vehicle without a certificate of ownership, a certificate of registration, and a decal during the first 20 days of ownership.
(6) Prior to the delivery of the off-highway vehicle to the purchaser, the dealer shall issue and affix to the off-highway vehicle a sticker, in a form to be prescribed by the department of justice, containing the name and address of the purchaser, the date of sale, the name and address of the dealer, and a description of the off-highway vehicle, including its identification number. The dealer shall keep a copy of the sticker for the dealer's records and shall send a copy of the sticker to the department of justice.
(7) The provisions of subsection (2) do not apply to the transfer of an off-highway vehicle to an off-highway vehicle dealer
under as provided in 23-2-818 who intends to resell the vehicle and who operates it only for demonstration
purposes. Every dealer, upon a transfer of interest, shall deliver the certificate of ownership with an application for a new
certificate executed by the new owner in accordance with the provisions of this part. The department of justice, upon
receipt of the certificate of ownership and application for a new certificate, together with the conditional sales contract or
other lien, if any, shall issue a new certificate of ownership showing the name of the lienholder and the amount due under
the contract, mortgage, or lien as required by 23-2-811(2)(d) and (2)(e)."
Section 5. Section 23-2-818, MCA, is amended to read:
Dealer registration certificate -- use of fees Licensed dealers. (1) Unless the a dealer is licensed under the
provisions of 61-4-101, a the dealer may not sell off-highway vehicles unless he has first obtained a dealer registration
certificate from the department of justice under the provisions of this section. (2) The dealer application for registration or renewal of registration must be accompanied by an application or renewal fee
of $5 and a registration fee of $5. To qualify for the fees in this subsection, the applicant for renewal shall certify that he
has sold three or more off-highway vehicles during the preceding year. Upon receipt of the dealer application or renewal
and payment of fees, the dealer must be issued two dealer off-highway identification cards to be carried by the dealer or the
dealer's customer when demonstrating the dealer's off-highway vehicles. Additional dealer off-highway vehicle
identification cards may be purchased by the dealer from the department of justice for a fee of $2 each. (3) No bond is required of the dealer. (4) The dealer shall have a principal place of business where he maintains all his business records and where he displays
and sells merchandise. (5) An applicant for renewal of an off-highway vehicle dealer registration who does not qualify under subsection (2) shall: (a) pay an additional $50 renewal registration fee; and (b) provide a copy of a new off-highway vehicle franchise or sales agreement that he has with a manufacturer, importer, or
distributor. (6) Dealer registration certificates and identification cards expire on December 31 following the date of issuance. (7) (a) The dealer application fees and all interest accruing from use of this money must be deposited in the general fund to
be used by the department of justice for the administration of this part. (b) All dealer registration fees and renewal fees collected must be deposited in the account provided in 23-2-804(3). This
money and the interest earned on it must be used for off-highway vehicle safety and education programs."
Section 6. Section 61-4-101, MCA, is amended to read:
"61-4-101. Application for dealer's license or wholesaler's license. (1) (a) A verified application for licensure as a dealer or wholesaler must be filed, by mail or otherwise, in the office of the department by each person, firm, corporation, or association that, for commission or profit, engages in:
(i) the business of buying, selling, exchanging, taking for consignment, or acting as a broker of new motor vehicles,
recreational vehicles, used motor vehicles, trailers (except trailers having an unloaded weight of less than 500 pounds),
semitrailers, mobile homes,
or special mobile equipment as defined in 61-1-104, new or used personal watercraft as defined
in 23-2-502, new or used snowmobiles as defined in 23-2-601, or new or used off-highway vehicles as defined in 23-2-801;
(ii) business as a wholesaler as defined in 61-1-319.
(b) A licensed real estate broker or agent lawfully buying, selling, exchanging, taking for consignment, or acting as a broker of mobile homes is exempt from licensure under this section.
(c) The sale of more than three motor vehicles or the offering for sale of more than three motor vehicles, if the motor vehicles are not titled in the seller's name, in any 1 calendar year is prima facie evidence that a person is engaged in the business of dealing motor vehicles. Licensed wholesalers do not have the privilege of the use of dealer license plates as provided in subsection (2)(b) but are authorized to display and use demonstrator plates under the provisions of 61-4-102(2)(a)(ii).
(d) Each license application and all of the information contained in it must be verified by the department or an authorized representative of the department on a form to be furnished by the department for that purpose and must contain the information required. Each application must be accompanied by the license fee specified in 61-4-102. A dealer's or wholesaler's license must be renewed and paid for annually, and an application for relicensure must be filed not later than January 1 of each year. If an application for renewal of a license has been received by the department prior to the expiration of the license, the licensee may operate the business and display dealer or demonstrator plates under the expired license between January 1 and February 15 following expiration.
(2) To qualify for licensure and the issuance and use of "D", "UD", "RV", "DTR", or "MCD" plates as provided in this
subsection, the applicant
must shall furnish the following information and qualify under the following provisions:
(a) To qualify as a new motor vehicle dealer and for the use of "D" plates, the applicant
(i) state the name under which the business is to be conducted and the location of the premises (street address, city, county, and state) where records are kept, sales are made, and stock of motor vehicles is displayed;
(ii) state the name and address of all owners or persons having an interest in the business
, provided that; however, in the
case of a corporation, the names and addresses of the president and secretary are sufficient;
(iii) state the name and make of all motor vehicles handled and the name and address of the manufacturer, importer, or distributor with whom the applicant has a written new motor vehicle franchise or sales agreement;
(iv) execute a certificate to the effect that the applicant has a permanent building for the display and sale of new motor vehicles at the location of the premises where sales are conducted;
(v) execute a certificate to the effect that the applicant has a bona fide service department for the repair, service, and maintenance of motor vehicles; and
(vi) execute a certificate to the effect that the applicant is a bona fide dealer in new motor vehicles and that the dealer is recognized by a manufacturer, importer, or distributor as a dealer in new motor vehicles.
(b) To qualify as a used motor vehicle dealer and for the use of "UD" plates; as a recreational vehicle dealer and for the use of "RV" plates; as a trailer, semitrailer, or special mobile equipment dealer and for the use of "DTR" plates; as a motorcycle or quadricycle dealer and for the use of "MCD" plates; or as a wholesaler and for the use of demonstrator plates, the applicant shall, in addition to the matters set forth in subsections (2)(a)(i) and (2)(a)(ii), provide:
(i) a statement that the:
(A) applicant has an established place of business that includes a lot or lots upon which motor vehicles may be displayed and a permanent nonresidential building on or contiguous to the lot or lots where records are kept and sales are made; or
(B) wholesaler applicant has an established place of business that includes a permanent nonresidential building or office where records are kept in order that those records may be inspected;
(ii) a certificate to the effect that the applicant is a bona fide dealer or wholesaler in used motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, trailers, semitrailers, special mobile equipment, motorcycles, or quadricycles. An applicant for a recreational vehicle dealer license shall also indicate on the same certificate that the person is recognized by a manufacturer, importer, or distributor as a dealer in recreational vehicles.
(c) If two or more vehicle dealer or wholesaler businesses share a location, all records, office facilities, and inventory, if applicable, must be physically segregated and clearly identified. Each applicant's established place of business shall display a sign that indicates the firm name and that vehicles are offered for sale. The letters of the sign must be clearly visible and readable to the major avenue of traffic at a minimum distance of 150 feet.
(d) To qualify for a used motor vehicle dealer's or wholesaler's license, a person shall submit an annual application for that license and comply with the provisions of 61-4-102(5) in addition to fulfilling the requirements of subsection (2)(b).
(e) The provisions of subsection (2)(d) do not apply to an applicant who is licensed as a motor vehicle wrecking facility under the provisions of Title 75, chapter 10, part 5.
(3) (a) The applicant for a dealer's or wholesaler's license shall also file with
his the application a bond of $25,000 for a
license as a new motor vehicle dealer, a used motor vehicle dealer, a recreational vehicle dealer, a trailer dealer, or a
wholesaler. However, applicants for a license as a trailer dealer or a trailer wholesaler shall file the $25,000 surety bond
only if special mobile equipment, commercial trailers and semitrailers exceeding 6,000 pounds maximum gross loaded
weight, mobile homes, or house trailers are sold; otherwise, all other trailer dealer, motorcycle dealer, personal watercraft
dealer, snowmobile dealer, off-highway vehicle dealer, or wholesaler license applicants shall file a bond in the sum of
$10,000. All bonds must be conditioned that the applicant shall conduct the business in accordance with the requirements
of the law. All bonds must run to the state of Montana, must be approved by the department and filed in its office, and must
be renewed annually.
(b) A person who suffers loss or damage
due to because of the unlawful conduct of a dealer or wholesaler licensed under
this section shall obtain a judgment from a court of competent jurisdiction prior to collecting on the bond. The judgment
must determine a specific loss or damage amount and conclude that the licensee's unlawful operation caused the loss or
damage before payment on the bond is required."
Section 7. Section 61-4-102, MCA, is amended to read:
"61-4-102. Fees -- restrictions on licensees. (1) Upon making
such the license application required in 61-4-101, the
applicant shall pay to the department, in addition to the fees required of dealers and wholesalers under the provisions of
subsection (2), a fee of $5. Upon receipt of the application, fee, and bond, as provided above in 61-4-101, the department
shall examine the application , and may, prior to issuing a license, make individual investigation of the truth of the
statements contained in the application. If the department is satisfied that the applicant qualifies for the issuance of a license
under the provisions of this chapter, the department may issue the license. The department may refuse, after investigation,
to issue a license to an applicant as allowed by law.
(2) Registration or license fees
shall must be paid upon registration or reregistration of dealers in motor vehicles,
recreational vehicles, or trailers as follows:
(a) (i) all dealers in motor vehicles and recreational vehicles, a fee of $25, which
shall entitle such entitles the dealer to one
set of number plates, and $25 additional fee for each additional set of number plates, subject to the following limitations on
the number of additional sets allowed a dealer:
(A) 5% of the first 100 vehicle sales for the previous year; plus
(B) 3% of the next 100 vehicle sales for the previous year; plus
(C) 2% of vehicle sales in excess of 200 for the previous year; and
(D) any additional sets upon a showing of good cause by the applicant dealer to the department.
(ii) in addition to the dealer plates allowed under subsection (2)(a)(i), a dealer who has purchased one or more sets of dealer plates or a licensed wholesaler is entitled to purchase demonstrator plates at a cost determined by the department to offset the cost of production. Demonstrator plates must be used in lieu of a dealer plate but only as set forth in subsection (6) and must be distinguished from dealer plates in a manner determined by the department. Wholesaler demonstrator plates must be distinguished from dealer demonstrator plates in a manner determined by the department.
(b) dealers in motorcycles, quadricycles, personal watercraft, snowmobiles, off-highway vehicles, and trailers, including housetrailers, $45; and
(c) wholesalers in used motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, trailers,
(including semitrailers and special mobile
equipment ), and motorcycles, (including quadricycles ), personal watercraft, snowmobiles, and off-highway vehicles, $30.
(3) If a dealer or wholesaler is originally registered 6 months after the time of registration as set by law, the registration or
license fee for the remainder of the year is one-half of the regular fee
(4) A dealer or wholesaler in motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, or trailers who maintains more than one place of
business or who maintains a branch establishment or establishments shall register and pay a registration or license fee for
each place of business or establishment. A dealer may sell vehicles only from
his a licensed place of business unless the
dealer notifies the department 10 days in advance, on a form prescribed by the department, of the opening date and location
of an off-premises sale. Except for recreational vehicle dealers, an off-premises sale must be conducted within the city
limits of the city of the dealer's licensed location or upon an adjacent off-premises site that is approved by the department
and that is within the county of the dealer's licensed location. The sale may not exceed 10 consecutive business days, and a
licensed dealer may not conduct more than 10 off-premises sales during any 1 calendar year.
(5) A new applicant for a used motor vehicle dealer or wholesaler license shall pay $300 to the department in addition to
any other sums required by this section or other provisions of the law. An applicant for a renewal of a used motor vehicle
dealer or wholesaler license shall certify under oath that
he the applicant has sold more than five used motor vehicles
during the preceding calendar year or pay an additional $300 before he the applicant may be licensed.
(6) Demonstrator plates provided for in subsection (2)(a)(ii) may be used only as follows:
(a) New and used motor vehicle or recreational vehicle demonstrator plates may be used:
(i) to demonstrate, for no more than 72 hours, an authorized vehicle held for sale, when operated by an individual holding a valid operator's license;
(ii) on authorized vehicles owned by the firm when operated by an officer or bona fide full-time employee of the dealer or wholesaler and used to transport the dealer's or wholesaler's own tools, parts, and equipment;
(iii) on authorized vehicles being tested for repair;
(iv) on authorized vehicles being moved to or from a dealer's place of business for sale;
(v) on authorized vehicles being moved to or from service and repair facilities before sale;
(vi) on authorized vehicles being moved to or from exhibitions within the state, provided
any such the exhibition does not
exceed a period of 20 days.
(b) Mobile home and trailer dealer demonstrator plates may be used:
(i) on units hauled to or from the place of business of the manufacturer and the place of business of the dealer or to and from places of business of the dealer;
(ii) on mobile homes hauled to a customer's location for setup after sale;
(iii) on travel trailers held for sale to demonstrate the towing capability of the vehicle
provided that if a dated demonstration
permit, valid for not more than 72 hours, is carried with the vehicle at all times;
(iv) on any motor vehicle owned by the dealer that is used only to move vehicles legally bearing mobile home and travel
trailer dealer license plates of the dealer owning
any such the motor vehicle;
(v) on vehicles being moved to or from vehicle exhibitions within the state, provided
any such the exhibition does not
exceed a period of 20 days."
Section 8. Section 61-4-201, MCA, is amended to read:
"61-4-201. Definitions. As used in this part, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Community" means the relevant market area of a franchise. For the purposes of this part, the relevant market area of a franchise is the county or counties in which the franchisee is located.
(2) "Department" means the department of justice.
(3) "Distributor" or "wholesaler" means a person who sells or distributes new motor vehicles to new motor vehicle dealers in this state or who maintains distributor representatives in this state.
(4) "Distributor branch" means a branch office maintained or availed of by a distributor or wholesaler for the sale of new motor vehicles to new motor vehicle dealers in this state for directing or supervising its representatives in this state.
(5) "Factory branch" means a branch office maintained or availed of by a manufacturer for the sale of new motor vehicles to distributors or for the sale of new motor vehicles to new motor vehicle dealers in this state or for directing or supervising its representatives in this state.
(6) "Franchise" means a contract between or among two or more persons when all of the following conditions are included:
(a) a commercial relationship of definite duration or continuing indefinite duration is involved;
(b) the franchisee is granted the right to offer, sell, and service in this state new motor vehicles manufactured or distributed by the franchisor;
(c) the franchisee, as a separate business, constitutes a component of franchisor's distribution system; and
(d) the operation of the franchisee's business is substantially reliant on the franchisor for the continued supply of new motor vehicles, parts, and accessories.
(7) "Franchisee" means a person who receives new motor vehicles from the franchisor under a franchise and who offers,
sells, and services
such the new motor vehicles to and for the general public.
(8) "Franchisor" means a person who manufactures, imports, or distributes new motor vehicles and who may enter into a franchise.
(9) "Importer" means a person who transports or arranges for the transportation of a foreign manufactured new motor vehicle into the United States for sale in this state.
(10) "Manufacturer" means a person who manufactures or assembles new motor vehicles or who manufactures or installs
on previously assembled truck chassis special bodies or equipment, which when installed
form forms an integral part of the
new motor vehicle and which constitutes a major manufacturing alteration, but does not include a person who installs a
camper on a pickup truck.
(11) "Motor vehicle" includes a personal watercraft as defined in 23-2-502, a snowmobile as defined in 23-2-601, and an off-highway vehicle as defined in 23-2-801.
(11)(12) "New motor vehicle dealer" means a person who buys, sells, exchanges, or offers or attempts to negotiate a sale or
exchange or any interest in or who is engaged in the business of selling new motor vehicles or used motor vehicles taken in
trade on new motor vehicles."
Section 9. Section 61-4-402, MCA, is amended to read:
"61-4-402. Definitions. (1) "Finance company" or "finance agency"
shall mean any means a person, firm, association,
corporation, or other organization engaged in the business of buying, selling, assigning, dealing, financing, or acquiring
conditional contracts of sale or engaged in the business of purchasing or acquiring promissory notes or any other form or
evidences of indebtedness of sale, either secured by vendor's lien, conditional bill of sale, chattel mortgage, or leases arising
out of the sale of motor vehicles in this state.
(2) The term "manufacturer"
shall mean any means a person, firm, corporation, partnership, or association engaged either
directly or indirectly in the manufacture or wholesale distribution of motor vehicles.
(3) The term "motor vehicle", as used in this part, includes a personal watercraft as defined in 23-2-502, a snowmobile as defined in 23-2-601, and an off-highway vehicle as defined in 23-2-801.
(3)(4) The terms "sell", "sold", "buy", and "purchase", as used in this part, include exchange, barter, gift, and offer or
contract to sell or buy. (4)(5) The term "wholesale distributor" shall mean means any person, firm, association, corporation, or other organization
engaged directly or indirectly in the sale or distribution of motor vehicles to agents or to dealers."
Section 10. Section 61-4-501, MCA, is amended to read:
"61-4-501. Definitions. For purposes of this part, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Collateral charge" means all governmental charges, including but not limited to sales tax, property tax, license and registration fees, and fees in lieu of tax.
(2) "Consumer" means the purchaser, other than for purposes of resale, of a motor vehicle that has not been brought into nonconformity as the result of abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modifications or alterations by the purchaser, any person to whom the motor vehicle is transferred during the duration of an express warranty applicable to the motor vehicle, or any other person entitled by the terms of the warranty to the benefits of its provisions.
(3) "Incidental damage" means incidental and consequential damage as defined in 30-2-715.
(4) "Manufacturer" has the meaning applied to that word in 61-4-201.
(5) (a) "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle, including the nonresidential portion of a motor home as defined in 61-1-130, propelled by its own power, designed primarily to transport persons or property upon the public highways, and sold in this state. The term also includes a personal watercraft as defined in 23-2-502, a snowmobile as defined in 23-2-601, and an off-highway vehicle as defined in 23-2-801.
(b) The term does not include a truck with 10,000 pounds or more gross vehicle weight rating or a motorcycle as defined in 61-1-105. Motor vehicle does not include components, systems, fixtures, appliances, furnishings, accessories, and features that are designed, used, and maintained primarily for residential purposes.
(6) "Reasonable allowance for use" is an amount directly attributable to use of the motor vehicle by the consumer and any
previous consumers prior to the first written notice of the nonconformity to the manufacturer or its agent and during any
subsequent period when the vehicle is not out of service because of nonconformity. The reasonable allowance for use
must be computed by multiplying the total contract price of the vehicle by a fraction having as its denominator 100,000 and
having as its numerator the number of miles that the vehicle traveled prior to the manufacturer's acceptance of its return.
(7) "Warranty period" means the period ending 2 years after the date of the original delivery to the consumer of a new motor vehicle or during the first 18,000 miles of operation, whichever is earlier."