45-8-213. Privacy in communications. (1) Except as provided in 69-6-104, a person commits the offense of violating privacy in communications if he knowingly or purposely:
(a) with the purpose to terrify, intimidate, threaten, harass, annoy, or offend, communicates with any person by telephone and uses any obscene, lewd, or profane language, suggests any lewd or lascivious act, or threatens to inflict injury or physical harm to the person or property of any person (the use of obscene, lewd, or profane language or the making of a threat or lewd or lascivious suggestions is prima facie evidence of an intent to terrify, intimidate, threaten, harass, annoy, or offend);
(b) uses a telephone to attempt to extort money or any other thing of value from any person or to disturb by repeated telephone calls the peace, quiet, or right of privacy of any person at the place where the telephone call or calls are received;
(c) records or causes to be recorded any conversation by use of a hidden electronic or mechanical device which reproduces a human conversation without the knowledge of all parties to the conversation. Subsection (c) does not apply to duly elected or appointed public officials or employees when the transcription or recording is done in the performance of official duty, to persons speaking at public meetings, or to persons given warning of the recording.
(d) by means of any machine, instrument, or contrivance or in any other manner:
(i) reads or attempts to read any message or learn the contents thereof while it is being sent over a telegraph line;
(ii) learns or attempts to learn the contents of any message while it is in a telegraph office or is being received thereat or sent therefrom; or
(iii) uses, attempts to use, or communicates to others any information so obtained;
(e) discloses the contents of a telegraphic message or any part thereof addressed to another person without the permission of such person, unless directed to do so by the lawful order of a court; or
(f) opens or reads or causes to be read any sealed letter not addressed to himself without being authorized to do so by either the writer of the letter or the person to whom it is addressed or, without the like authority, publishes any of the contents of the letter knowing the same to have been unlawfully opened.
(2) (a) A person convicted of the offense of violating privacy in communications shall be fined not to exceed $500 or imprisoned in the county jail for a term not to exceed 6 months, or both.
(b) On a second conviction of subsection (1)(a) or (1)(b), a person shall be imprisoned in the county jail for a term not to exceed 1 year or be fined an amount not to exceed $1,000, or both.
(c) On a third or subsequent conviction of subsection (1)(a) or (1)(b), a person shall be imprisoned in the state prison for a term not to exceed 5 years or be fined an amount not to exceed $10,000, or both.
History: En. 94-8-114 by Sec. 1, Ch. 513, L. 1973; amd. Sec. 33, Ch. 359, L. 1977; R.C.M. 1947, 94-8-114; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 356, L. 1979; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 177, L. 1991.