Montana Code Annotated 1997

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     80-5-105. Prohibitions. A person, firm, corporation, partnership, or association may not sell or transport for use in planting in this state any seed that:
     (1) contains prohibited noxious weed seeds;
     (2) contains restricted noxious weed seeds in excess of either:
     (a) the maximum numbers per pound allowed under rules adopted by the department; or
     (b) the maximum numbers per pound as follows:
                 Number of
                 seeds per
     Common name     Species     pound
     dyers woad     (Isatis tinctoria)      0
     spotted knapweed     (Centaurea maculosa)      0
     wild oats     (Avena fatua)     45
                 (per pound of
                 grass seed)
                 (per pound of
                 cereal seed)
     (3) contains in excess of 2% or more of weed seed;
     (4) is offered or exposed for sale more than 12 calendar months from the last day of the month in which the germination test was completed. This 12-month limitation does not apply when seed is packaged in hermetically sealed containers within 12 months after harvest. The container must be conspicuously labeled in not less than 8-point type to indicate that:
     (a) the container is hermetically sealed;
     (b) the seed has been preconditioned as to moisture content;
     (c) the germination test is valid for a period not to exceed 18 months from the date of the germination test for seeds offered for sale on a wholesale basis and for a period not to exceed 36 months for seeds offered for sale at retail;
     (d) the germination of vegetable seed at the time of packaging was equal to or above standards prescribed in the Federal Seed Act, 7 U.S.C. 1551 through 1610, amended October 15, 1967, with subsequent revisions;
     (5) is labeled, advertised, or otherwise represented as being certified seed of any class thereof unless:
     (a) it has been determined by a seed certifying agency that such seed conforms to standards of purity and identity as to kind, species (and subspecies, if appropriate), or variety; and
     (b) the seed bears an official label issued for such seed by a seed certifying agency certifying that the seed is of a specified class and a specified kind, species (and subspecies, if appropriate), or variety;
     (6) is labeled with a variety name for which a U.S. certificate of plant variety protection has been issued or applied for under the provisions of the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2321, et. seq.) without the authority of the owner of the variety or is labeled with a variety name but not certified by an official seed certifying agency when it is a variety for which the certificate or application for "protection" specifies sale only as a class of certified seed, provided that seed from a certified lot may be labeled as to variety name when used in a mixture by or with approval of the owner of the variety.

     History: En. Sec. 4, Ch. 361, L. 1969; amd. Sec. 12, Ch. 390, L. 1973; Sec. 3-820, R.C.M. 1947; amd. and redes. 3-802.4 by Sec. 45, Ch. 218, L. 1974; amd. Sec. 11, Ch. 13, L. 1977; amd. Sec. 5, Ch. 315, L. 1977; R.C.M. 1947, 3-802.4; amd. Sec. 5, Ch. 373, L. 1987.

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