80-5-120. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Agricultural seeds" means the seeds of grass, forage, cereal, fiber crops, and any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural seeds. The term includes lawn seeds and mixtures of seeds.
(2) "Approximate percentage" and "approximate number" mean the percentage or number with the variations above and below that value as allowed according to the tolerance limits defined in the rules for seed testing adopted by the association of official seed analysts.
(3) "Bin-run seed sales" means seed sales from one farmer to another farmer with seeds sold "as is", without guaranty or analysis.
(4) "Certifying agency" means:
(a) an agency authorized under the laws of a state, territory, or possession of the United States to officially certify seed and which has standards and procedures to assure the genetic purity and identity of the seed certified; or
(b) an agency of a foreign country determined by the department to adhere to procedures and standards for seed certification that are comparable to those adhered to generally by the seed certifying agencies described in subsection (4)(a).
(5) "Controlling the pollination" means to use a method of hybridization that will produce pure seed which is at least 75% hybrid seed. Hybrid designations must be treated as variety names.
(6) "Flower seeds" means seeds of herbaceous plants grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts and that are commonly known and sold under the name of flower seeds in this state.
(7) "Hybrid", as the term applies to varieties of seed, means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining:
(a) two or more inbred lines;
(b) one inbred or a single cross with an open pollinated variety; or
(c) two or more selected clones, seed lines, varieties, or species.
(8) "Indigenous seeds" means the seeds of those plants that are naturally adapted to an area where the intended use is for revegetation of disturbed sites. These plants include grasses, forbs, shrubs, and legumes.
(9) "Labeling" means to affix, before offering the seed for sale, on the exterior of the container in a conspicuous place a label written or printed in the English language that has not been altered, giving the information required under this chapter.
(10) "Montana certified seed grower" means a member of an authorized Montana seed certifying agency who has consented to produce seed under the rules for certified classes of seed, with respect to the maintenance of genetic purity and variety identity, set forth by the establishing agency.
(11) "Name of the state in which the seed was grown" means any of the several states of the United States or a foreign country.
(12) "Other crop seeds" means any agricultural, vegetable, or flower seeds other than the seed or the mixture of seeds under consideration.
(13) "Percentage of germination" means the percentage of seeds that show normal sprouts as evidence of vitality when the seeds are subjected to the proper moisture and temperature conditions with proper aeration for the customary length of time for each specific kind of seed, as specified in the rules for seed testing adopted by the association of official seed analysts.
(14) "Percentage viability" means the percentage of live seed capable of producing a normal seedling under optimum growing conditions, after all forms of dormancy have been overcome, if present.
(15) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, or association.
(16) "Prohibited noxious weed seeds" means the seeds of perennial plants that not only reproduce by seed but also may spread by underground roots, stems, and other reproductive parts and that, when well established, are highly destructive and difficult to control in this state by ordinary good cultural practice. Prohibited noxious weed seeds include the seeds of:
(a) leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula);
(b) Russian knapweed (Centaurea repens); and
(c) plants that are designated by rule of the department as prohibited noxious weeds.
(17) "Protected variety" means a variety for which a certificate has been issued by the United States plant variety protection office or for which an application for protection has been filed granting the owner or his authorized agent exclusive rights in the sale and distribution of the variety.
(18) "Restricted noxious weed seeds" means the seeds and bulbets of any plant designated as restricted weed seeds under rules adopted by the department. The term includes the seeds of:
(a) spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa); and
(b) dyers woad (Isatis tinctoria).
(19) "Screening" means chaff, sterile florets, immature seed, weed seed, inert matter, and any other materials removed from seed by any kind of cleaning or conditioning.
(20) "Seed conditioning plant" means any place of business that repackages, conditions, blends, treats, or otherwise manipulates agricultural seeds.
(21) "Seed dealer" means any person who offers for sale, sells, or barters agricultural seeds.
(22) "Seed labeler" means any person affixing labels to agricultural seeds, with his name and address listed as required in 80-5-102, when such seed is distributed in Montana.
(23) "Sell" means to offer for sale, expose for sale, have in possession for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. The term includes furnishing agricultural seed to growers for the production of a crop on contract.
(24) "Vegetable seeds" means seeds of those crops that are or may be grown in gardens or on truck farms and are or may be sold generally under the name of vegetable seeds.
(25) "Weed seeds" means the seeds or bulbets of all plants generally recognized as weeds within this state and includes noxious weed seeds.
History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 373, L. 1987.