2013 Montana Legislature

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SENATE BILL NO. 342

INTRODUCED BY WINDY BOY, HANSEN

 

AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE MONTANA INDIAN LANGUAGE PRESERVATION PILOT PROGRAM; PROVIDING A PROGRAM DESCRIPTION; PROVIDING AN APPROPRIATION; PROVIDING RULEMAKING AUTHORITY; AND PROVIDING AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE AND A TERMINATION DATE.

 

     WHEREAS, Montana is committed in its educational goals to the preservation of American Indian cultural integrity; and

     WHEREAS, language in the form of spoken, written, or sign language is foundational to cultural integrity; and

     WHEREAS, Montana tribal languages are in a time of crisis through the loss of native speakers, writers, and signers; and

     WHEREAS, the tribes and the state have resources, such as the tribal colleges, councils, and historic preservation offices and the state universities, historical society, and library, to preserve and protect Montana tribal languages for this and future generations.

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:

 

     Section 1.  Montana Indian language preservation pilot program. (1) There is a Montana Indian language pilot preservation program. The program is established to support efforts of Montana tribes to preserve Indian languages in the form of spoken, written, or sign language and to assist in the preservation and curricular goals of Indian education for all pursuant to Article X, section 1(2), of the Montana constitution and Title 20, chapter 1, part 5.

     (2) (a) The state-tribal economic development commission established in 90-1-131 shall administer the program and, in collaboration with the Montana historical society, Montana public television organizations, the state director of Indian affairs, and each tribal government located on the seven Montana reservations and the Little Shell Chippewa tribe, shall adopt program rules by July 31, 2013.

     (b) The program rules must address performance and output standards, distribution of funds, accounting of funds, and use of funds.

     (c) The performance and output standards must include:

     (i) development of audio and visual recordings;

     (ii) creation of dictionaries and other reference materials, including audio, visual, electronic, or written dictionaries; and

     (iii) creation and publication of curricula, which may include electronic curricula.

     (d) The performance and output standards may include:

     (i) language classes;

     (ii) language immersion camps;

     (iii) storytelling; and

     (iv) publication of literature.

     (3) By September 15, 2014, at least two copies of any tangible goods produced under this section, including but not limited to audio or visual recordings, literature, dictionaries, or other publications, must be submitted to the Montana historical society for the benefit of related language preservation efforts and for preservation and archival purposes.

     (4) Tribal governments receiving program funds shall form local program advisory boards. Members of a local program advisory board may include but are not limited to representatives from any of the entities listed in subsection (6). Each local program advisory board shall work with college tribal language instructors and individuals who evaluate applicants for licensure as a class 7 American Indian language and culture specialist to develop and adopt measurable and specific outcome requirements for their respective language preservation programs.

     (5) (a) Each local program advisory board shall provide reports on expenditures of grant funds, overall program progress, and other criteria determined by the state-tribal economic development commission pursuant to subsection (2)(a) to the state-tribal relations committee at each meeting during the interim.

     (b) The state-tribal relations committee shall report any findings, comments, or recommendations regarding each local program and the Montana Indian language preservation pilot program to the 64th legislature.

     (6) Tribal governments are encouraged to maximize the impact of grant funds by forming partnerships among state and tribal entities and leveraging existing resources for the preservation of Indian languages and the education of all Montanans in a way that honors the cultural integrity of American Indians. Suggested partner entities include but are not limited to:

     (a) the governor's office of Indian affairs;

     (b) school districts located on reservations;

     (c) tribal colleges;

     (d) tribal historic preservation offices;

     (e) tribal language and cultural programs;

     (f) units of the Montana university system;

     (g) the Montana historical society;

     (h) the office of public instruction;

     (i) Montana public television organizations;

     (j) school districts not located on reservations; and

     (k) the Montana state library.

     (7) State entities that operate film and video studios and equipment shall cooperate with each local tribal preservation program in the production of materials for preservation and archival purposes.

     (8) Any cultural and intellectual property rights from program efforts belong to the tribe. Use of the cultural and intellectual property may be negotiated between the tribe and other partnering entities.

 

     Section 2.  Appropriation. There is appropriated from the state general fund to the state-tribal economic development commission $1 million in each year of the biennium beginning July 1, 2013, for the purposes described in [section 1]. Any remaining funds that are unencumbered as of June 30, 2015, must revert to the general fund.

 

     Section 3.  Notification to tribal governments. The secretary of state shall send a copy of [this act] to each tribal government located on the seven Montana reservations and to the Little Shell Chippewa tribe.

 

     Section 4.  Codification instruction. [Section 1] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 20, chapter 9, and the provisions of Title 20, chapter 9, apply to [section 1].

 

     Section 5.  Coordination instruction. If both House Bill No. 2 and [this act] are passed and approved and if House Bill No. 2 contains an appropriation for native language preservation, then [section 2 of this act] is void.

 

     Section 6.  Effective date. [This act] is effective on passage and approval.

 

     Section 7.  Termination. [This act] terminates June 30, 2015.

- END -

 


Latest Version of SB 342 (SB0342.ENR)
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