2015 Montana Legislature
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SENATE BILL NO. 272
INTRODUCED BY J. WINDY BOY, B. HAMLETT, R. MEHLHOFF, S. STEWART-PEREGOY, F. THOMAS, L. WHITFORD
AN ACT STRENGTHENING MONTANA'S COMMITMENT IN ITS EDUCATIONAL GOALS TO THE PRESERVATION OF AMERICAN INDIAN CULTURAL INTEGRITY AS STATED IN ARTICLE X, SECTION 1, OF THE MONTANA CONSTITUTION; ENCOURAGING SCHOOL DISTRICTS TO CREATE INDIAN LANGUAGE IMMERSION PROGRAMS; PROVIDING FUNDING; PROVIDING AN APPROPRIATION; INCLUDING AMERICAN INDIAN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE SPECIALISTS IN THE QUALITY EDUCATOR PAYMENT; AMENDING SECTION 20-9-327, MCA; AND PROVIDING AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE AND A TERMINATION DATE.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Short title. [Sections 1 through 4] may be cited as the "Cultural Integrity Commitment Act".
Section 2. Legislative findings -- purposes. (1) The legislature finds that:
(a) language in the form of spoken, written, or sign language is foundational to cultural integrity;
(b) Montana tribal languages are in a time of crisis through the loss of native speakers, writers, and signers;
(c) achievement gaps persist for Indian students, including higher dropout rates;
(d) Article X, section 1, of the Montana constitution established the educational goals of:
(i) establishing an education system that develops the full educational potential of each person; and
(ii) preserving Indian cultural integrity.
(2) The purpose of [sections 1 through 4] is to promote innovative, culturally relevant, Indian language immersion programs for Indian and non-Indian students with the goal of raising student achievement, strengthening families, and preserving and perpetuating Indian language and culture throughout Indian country and Montana.
Section 3. Definitions. As used in [sections 1 through 4], the following definitions apply:
(1) "Eligible district" means a school district encompassing or adjacent to an Indian reservation or a school district that includes one or more schools with an Indian population of 10% or greater.
(2) "Immersion program" means a program of an eligible district in which:
(a) all participating students receive content area instruction in an Indian language at least 50% of the day;
(b) teachers are fully proficient in the languages they use for instruction; and
(c) the goal of the program is perpetuating cultural integrity and promoting bilingualism and biliteracy.
(3) "Indian language" means any of the languages of the tribes located on the seven Montana reservations and the Little Shell Chippewa tribe.
Section 4. Indian language immersion programs -- funding -- flexibility. (1) School districts are encouraged to create Indian language immersion programs and in doing so:
(a) collaborate with other school districts, the Montana digital academy, tribal governments, and tribal colleges;
(b) utilize materials produced in the Montana Indian language preservation pilot program pursuant to section 1, Chapter 410, Laws of 2013;
(c) utilize American Indian language and culture specialists as teachers of language and culture; and
(d) look to existing native language schools in Montana and around the world for guidance and best practices.
(2) In acknowledgment of Article X, section 1, of the Montana constitution, the educationally relevant factors for the school funding formula under 20-9-309(3), and the increased costs associated with language immersion programs, a district creating an Indian language immersion program is entitled to the following in addition to the school funding formula in Title 20, chapter 9:
(a) (i) subject to subsections (3) and (4), for every Indian student participating in an Indian language immersion program, an additional American Indian achievement gap payment, as calculated in 20-9-306, multiplied by 2; and
(ii) for every non-Indian student participating in an Indian language immersion program, an additional Indian education for all payment, as calculated in 20-9-306, multiplied by 2; and
(b) for every full-time American Indian language and culture specialist teaching in an Indian language immersion program, a quality educator payment as calculated in 20-9-306.
(3) For a district operating an Indian language immersion program that improves the district's graduation rate for American Indians by 5 percentage points or more from the previous year as measured by the office of public instruction, the multiplier in subsection (2)(a)(i) must be increased to 3.
(4) If the money appropriated for Indian immersion programs is insufficient to provide the amounts in subsections (2) and (3), the office of public instruction shall prorate the payments accordingly.
(5) The board of public education is encouraged to approve proposed variances to standards of accreditation for Indian language immersion programs when the board finds the proposal to be educationally sound and in alignment with the purpose described in [section 2(2)].
(6) The cultural and intellectual property rights from materials developed for an Indian language immersion program belong to the tribe to which the materials relate. Use of the cultural and intellectual property outside of the Indian language immersion program may be negotiated with the tribe.
Section 5. Section 20-9-327, MCA, is amended to read:
"20-9-327. Quality educator payment. (1) (a) The state shall provide a quality educator payment to:
(i) public school districts, as defined in 20-6-101 and 20-6-701;
(ii) special education cooperatives, as described in 20-7-451;
(iii) the Montana school for the deaf and blind, as described in 20-8-101;
(iv) state youth correctional facilities, as defined in 41-5-103; and
(v) the Montana youth challenge program.
(b) A special education cooperative that has not met the requirements of 20-7-454 may not be funded under the provisions of this section except by approval of the superintendent of public instruction.
(2) (a) The quality educator payment for special education cooperatives must be distributed directly to those entities by the superintendent of public instruction.
(b) The quality educator payment for the Montana school for the deaf and blind must be distributed to the Montana school for the deaf and blind.
(c) The quality educator payment for Pine Hills and Riverside youth correctional facilities must be distributed to those facilities by the department of corrections.
(d) The quality educator payment for the Montana youth challenge program must be distributed to that program by the department of military affairs.
(3) The quality educator payment is calculated as provided in 20-9-306, using the number of full-time equivalent educators, as reported to the superintendent of public instruction for accreditation purposes in the previous school year, each of whom:
(a) holds a valid certificate under the provisions of 20-4-106 and is employed by an entity listed in subsection (1) of this section in a position that requires an educator license in accordance with the administrative rules adopted by the board of public education; or
(b) (i) is a licensed professional under 37-8-405, 37-8-415, 37-11-301, 37-15-301, 37-17-302, 37-22-301, 37-23-201, 37-24-301, or 37-25-302; and
(ii) is employed by an entity listed in subsection (1) to provide services to students; or
(c) (i) holds an American Indian language and culture specialist license; and
(ii) is employed by an entity listed in subsection (1) to provide services to students in an Indian language immersion program pursuant to [sections 1 through 4]."
Section 6. Appropriation. There is appropriated from the general fund to the office of public instruction $45,000 for the biennium beginning July 1, 2015, as a one-time-only appropriation for the purposes described in [sections 1 through 4].
Section 7. Codification instruction. [Sections 1 through 4] are intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 20, chapter 7, and the provisions of Title 20, chapter 7, apply to [sections 1 through 4].
Section 8. Notification to tribal governments. The secretary of state shall send a copy of [this act] to each tribal government located on the seven Montana reservations and to the Little Shell Chippewa tribe.
Section 9. Effective date. [This act] is effective on passage and approval.
Section 10. Termination. [This act] terminates June 30, 2019.
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Version of SB 272 (SB0272.ENR)
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