2017 Montana Legislature

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     Section 1.  Section 53-4-1005, MCA, is amended to read:

     "53-4-1005.  (Temporary) Benefits provided. (1) Benefits provided to participants in the program may include but are not limited to:

     (a)  inpatient and outpatient hospital services;

     (b)  physician and advanced practice registered nurse services;

     (c)  laboratory and x-ray services;

     (d)  well-child and well-baby services;

     (e)  immunizations;

     (f)  clinic services;

     (g)  dental services;

     (h)  prescription drugs;

     (i)  mental health and substance abuse treatment services;

     (j) habilitative services as defined in 53-4-1103;

     (j)(k)  hearing and vision exams; and

     (k)(l)  eyeglasses.

     (2)  The program must comply with the provisions of 33-22-153.

     (3)  The department shall adopt rules, pursuant to its authority under 53-4-1009, allowing it to cover significant dental needs beyond those covered in the basic plan. Expenditures under this subsection may not exceed $100,000 in state funds, plus any matched federal funds, each fiscal year.

     (4)  The department is specifically prohibited from providing payment for birth control contraceptives under this program.

     (5)  The department shall notify enrollees of any restrictions on access to health care providers, of any restrictions on the availability of services by out-of-state providers, and of the methodology for an out-of-state provider to be an eligible provider. (Terminates on occurrence of contingency--sec. 15, Ch. 571, L. 1999; sec. 3, Ch. 169, L. 2007; sec. 10, Ch. 97, L. 2013.)"


     Section 2.  Section 53-4-1103, MCA, is amended to read:

     "53-4-1103.  Definitions. For purposes of part 10 and this part, the following definitions apply:

     (1)  "Comprehensive" means health insurance having benefits at least as extensive as those provided under the children's health insurance program.

     (2)  "Department" means the department of public health and human services provided for in 2-15-2201.

     (3)  "Enrollee" means a child who is enrolled or in the process of being enrolled in the plan, including children already enrolled in the programs described in 53-4-1104(2).

     (4)  (a) "Enrollment partner" means an organization or individual approved by the department to assist in enrolling eligible children in the plan.

     (b)  An enrollment partner may be but is not limited to:

     (i)  a licensed health care provider;

     (ii) a school;

     (iii) a community-based organization; or

     (iv) a government agency.

     (5) "Habilitative services" means services to help a child maintain, learn, or improve skills and functioning for daily living or to prevent deterioration of skills and that may be offered in a variety of settings. The services include but are not limited to:

     (a) physical therapy;

     (b) occupational therapy;

     (c) speech-language pathology; and

     (d) behavioral health treatment, including applied behavior analysis provided by a board-certified behavior analyst.

     (5)(6)  "Health coverage" means a program administered by the department or a disability insurance plan, referred to in 33-1-207(1)(b), that provides public or private health insurance for children.

     (6)(7)  "Income" has the meaning provided in 15-30-2337(9)(a).

     (7)(8)  "Plan" means the healthy Montana kids plan established in 53-4-1104.

     (8)(9)  "Premium" means the amount of money charged to provide coverage under a public or private health coverage plan.

     (9)(10) "Presumptive eligibility" has the meaning provided in 42 CFR 457.355."


     Section 3.  Section 53-6-101, MCA, is amended to read:

     "53-6-101.  Montana medicaid program -- authorization of services. (1) There is a Montana medicaid program established for the purpose of providing necessary medical services to eligible persons who have need for medical assistance. The Montana medicaid program is a joint federal-state program administered under this chapter and in accordance with Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1396, et seq. The department shall administer the Montana medicaid program.

     (2)  The department and the legislature shall consider the following funding principles when considering changes in medicaid policy that either increase or reduce services:

     (a)  protecting those persons who are most vulnerable and most in need, as defined by a combination of economic, social, and medical circumstances;

     (b)  giving preference to the elimination or restoration of an entire medicaid program or service, rather than sacrifice or augment the quality of care for several programs or services through dilution of funding; and

     (c)  giving priority to services that employ the science of prevention to reduce disability and illness, services that treat life-threatening conditions, and services that support independent or assisted living, including pain management, to reduce the need for acute inpatient or residential care.

     (3)  Medical assistance provided by the Montana medicaid program includes the following services:

     (a)  inpatient hospital services;

     (b)  outpatient hospital services;

     (c)  other laboratory and x-ray services, including minimum mammography examination as defined in 33-22-132;

     (d)  skilled nursing services in long-term care facilities;

     (e)  physicians' services;

     (f)  nurse specialist services;

     (g)  early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment services for persons under 21 years of age;

     (h)  ambulatory prenatal care for pregnant women during a presumptive eligibility period, as provided in 42 U.S.C. 1396a(a)(47) and 42 U.S.C. 1396r-1;

     (i)  targeted case management services, as authorized in 42 U.S.C. 1396n(g), for high-risk pregnant women;

     (j)  services that are provided by physician assistants within the scope of their practice and that are otherwise directly reimbursed as allowed under department rule to an existing provider;

     (k)  health services provided under a physician's orders by a public health department;

     (l)  federally qualified health center services, as defined in 42 U.S.C. 1396d(l)(2); and

     (m)  routine patient costs for qualified individuals enrolled in an approved clinical trial for cancer as provided in 33-22-153; and

     (n) for children 18 years of age and younger, habilitative services as defined in 53-4-1103.

     (4)  Medical assistance provided by the Montana medicaid program may, as provided by department rule, also include the following services:

     (a)  medical care or any other type of remedial care recognized under state law, furnished by licensed practitioners within the scope of their practice as defined by state law;

     (b)  home health care services;

     (c)  private-duty nursing services;

     (d)  dental services;

     (e)  physical therapy services;

     (f)  mental health center services administered and funded under a state mental health program authorized under Title 53, chapter 21, part 10;

     (g)  clinical social worker services;

     (h)  prescribed drugs, dentures, and prosthetic devices;

     (i)  prescribed eyeglasses;

     (j)  other diagnostic, screening, preventive, rehabilitative, chiropractic, and osteopathic services;

     (k)  inpatient psychiatric hospital services for persons under 21 years of age;

     (l)  services of professional counselors licensed under Title 37, chapter 23;

     (m)  hospice care, as defined in 42 U.S.C. 1396d(o);

     (n)  case management services, as provided in 42 U.S.C. 1396d(a) and 1396n(g), including targeted case management services for the mentally ill;

     (o)  services of psychologists licensed under Title 37, chapter 17;

     (p)  inpatient psychiatric services for persons under 21 years of age, as provided in 42 U.S.C. 1396d(h), in a residential treatment facility, as defined in 50-5-101, that is licensed in accordance with 50-5-201; and

     (q)  any additional medical service or aid allowable under or provided by the federal Social Security Act.

     (5)  Services for persons qualifying for medicaid under the medically needy category of assistance, as described in 53-6-131, may be more limited in amount, scope, and duration than services provided to others qualifying for assistance under the Montana medicaid program. The department is not required to provide all of the services listed in subsections (3) and (4) to persons qualifying for medicaid under the medically needy category of assistance.

     (6)  In accordance with federal law or waivers of federal law that are granted by the secretary of the U.S. department of health and human services, the department may implement limited medicaid benefits, to be known as basic medicaid, for adult recipients who are eligible because they are receiving financial assistance, as defined in 53-4-201, as the specified caretaker relative of a dependent child under the FAIM project and for all adult recipients of medical assistance only who are covered under a group related to a program providing financial assistance, as defined in 53-4-201. Basic medicaid benefits consist of all mandatory services listed in subsection (3) but may include those optional services listed in subsections (4)(a) through (4)(q) that the department in its discretion specifies by rule. The department, in exercising its discretion, may consider the amount of funds appropriated by the legislature, whether approval has been received, as provided in 53-1-612, and whether the provision of a particular service is commonly covered by private health insurance plans. However, a recipient who is pregnant, meets the criteria for disability provided in Title II of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 416, et seq., or is less than 21 years of age is entitled to full medicaid coverage.

     (7)  The department may implement, as provided for in Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1396, et seq., as may be amended, a program under medicaid for payment of medicare premiums, deductibles, and coinsurance for persons not otherwise eligible for medicaid.

     (8)  The department may set rates for medical and other services provided to recipients of medicaid and may enter into contracts for delivery of services to individual recipients or groups of recipients.

     (9)  The services provided under this part may be only those that are medically necessary and that are the most efficient and cost-effective.

     (10) The amount, scope, and duration of services provided under this part must be determined by the department in accordance with Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1396, et seq., as may be amended.

     (11) Services, procedures, and items of an experimental or cosmetic nature may not be provided.

     (12) If available funds are not sufficient to provide medical assistance for all eligible persons, the department may set priorities to limit, reduce, or otherwise curtail the amount, scope, or duration of the medical services made available under the Montana medicaid program after taking into consideration the funding principles set forth in subsection (2)."


     Section 4.  Effective date. [This act] is effective July 1, 2017.


     Section 5.  Contingent termination. [Section 1] terminates on occurrence of the contingency contained in section 15, Chapter 571, Laws of 1999.

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