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HOUSE BILL NO. 146
INTRODUCED BY MENAHAN R
A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT ALLOWING A COURT WHEN REVOKING A SUSPENDED OR DEFERRED CRIMINAL SENTENCE TO IMPOSE MODIFIED OR ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS WHEN THE DEFENDANT IS SENTENCED TO PRISON; AND AMENDING SECTION 46-18-203, MCA."
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 46-18-203, MCA, is amended to read:
"46-18-203. Revocation of suspended or deferred sentence. (1) Upon the filing of a petition for revocation showing probable cause that the defendant has violated any condition of a sentence or any condition of a deferred imposition of sentence, the court may issue an order for a hearing on revocation. The order must require the defendant to appear at a specified time and place for the hearing and be served by delivering a copy of the petition and order to the defendant personally. The court may also issue an arrest warrant directing any peace officer or a probation officer to arrest the defendant and bring the defendant before the court.
(2) The petition for a revocation must be filed with the sentencing court during the period of suspension or deferral. Expiration of the period of suspension or deferral after the petition is filed does not deprive the court of its jurisdiction to rule on the petition.
(3) The provisions pertaining to bail, as set forth in Title 46, chapter 9, are applicable to persons arrested pursuant to this section.
(4) Without unnecessary delay, the defendant must be brought before the court, and the defendant must be advised of:
(a) the allegations of the petition;
(b) the opportunity to appear and to present evidence in the defendant's own behalf;
(c) the opportunity to question adverse witnesses; and
(d) the right to be represented by counsel at the revocation hearing pursuant to Title 46, chapter 8, part 1.
(5) A hearing is required before a suspended or deferred sentence can be revoked or the terms or conditions of the sentence can be modified, unless:
(a) the defendant admits the allegations and waives the right to a hearing; or
(b) the relief to be granted is favorable to the defendant, and the prosecutor, after having been given notice of the proposed relief and a reasonable opportunity to object, has not objected. An extension of the term of probation is not favorable to the defendant for the purposes of this subsection (5)(b).
(6) At the hearing, the prosecution shall prove, by a preponderance of the evidence, that there has been a violation of the terms and conditions of the suspended or deferred sentence. However, when a failure to pay restitution is the basis for the petition, the defendant may excuse the violation by showing sufficient evidence that the failure to pay restitution was not attributable to a failure on the defendant's part to make a good faith effort to obtain sufficient means to make the restitution payments as ordered.
(7) If the court finds that the defendant has violated the terms and conditions of the suspended or deferred sentence, the court may:
(a) continue the suspended or deferred sentence without a change in conditions;
(b) continue the suspended sentence with modified or additional terms and conditions;
(c) revoke the suspension of sentence and require the defendant to serve either the sentence imposed with modified or additional terms and conditions or any lesser sentence with modified or additional terms and conditions; or
(d) if the sentence was deferred, impose any sentence that might have been originally imposed.
(8) If the court finds that the prosecution has not proved, by a preponderance of the evidence, that there has been a violation of the terms and conditions of the suspended or deferred sentence, the petition must be dismissed and the defendant, if in custody, immediately released."
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Latest Version of HB 146 (HB0146.01)
Processed for the Web on December 22, 1998 (1:12PM)
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