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HOUSE BILL NO. 183
INTRODUCED BY R. DALE
BY REQUEST OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
AN ACT GENERALLY REVISING THE OPENCUT MINING ACT AND THE METAL MINE RECLAMATION LAWS; TRANSFERRING THE REGULATION OF SOIL AND PEAT MINING TO THE OPENCUT MINING ACT; REGULATING PHOSPHATE MINING UNDER THE METAL MINE RECLAMATION LAWS; CLARIFYING DREDGE OPERATION EXEMPTIONS; LIMITING THE USE OF MERCURY AND ORE-PROCESSING REAGENTS AND SOLVENTS BY METAL MINERS; MODIFYING THE DEFINITION OF "PLACER DEPOSIT"; AUTHORIZING THE DEPARTMENT TO REQUIRE RECLAMATION OF CERTAIN METAL MINES AFTER 5 YEARS OF INACTIVITY; REQUIRING ISSUANCE OF SUMMONS AND SERVICE OF PROCESS WITHIN 60 DAYS AFTER FILING OF LEGAL ACTIONS SEEKING REVIEW OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT DECISIONS; MODIFYING METAL MINE BONDING AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PROVISIONS AND OPENCUT MINE BONDING PROVISIONS; LIMITING THE PURPOSES OF THE OPENCUT MINE REGULATIONS; MODIFYING OPENCUT PERMITTING THRESHOLDS; REQUIRING A COMPLETE OPENCUT RECLAMATION PLAN AT THE TIME OF APPLICATION; INCREASING ANNUAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS; AMENDING SECTIONS 82-4-303, 82-4-305, 82-4-310, 82-4-335, 82-4-338, 82-4-341, 82-4-349, 82-4-402, 82-4-403, 82-4-405, 82-4-422, 82-4-423, 82-4-427, 82-4-431, 82-4-432, 82-4-433, 82-4-434, AND 82-4-441, MCA; AND PROVIDING AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE AND APPLICABILITY DATES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 82-4-303, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-303. Definitions. As used in this part, unless the context indicates otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Abandonment of surface or underground mining" may be presumed when it is shown that continued operation will not resume.
(2) "Amendment" means a change to an approved operating or reclamation plan. A major amendment is an amendment that may significantly affect the human environment. A minor amendment is an amendment that will not significantly affect the human environment.
(3) "Board" means the board of environmental review provided for in 2-15-3502.
(4) "Cyanide ore-processing reagent" means cyanide or a cyanide compound used as a reagent in leaching operations.
(5) "Department" means the department of environmental quality provided for in 2-15-3501.
(6) "Disturbed land" means the area of land or surface water that has been disturbed, beginning at the date of the issuance of the permit. The term includes the area from which the overburden, tailings, waste materials, or minerals have been removed and tailings ponds, waste dumps, roads, conveyor systems, leach dumps, and all similar excavations or coverings that result from the operation and that have not been previously reclaimed under the reclamation plan.
(7) "Exploration" means:
(a) all activities that are conducted on or beneath the surface of lands and that result in material disturbance of the surface for the purpose of determining the presence, location, extent, depth, grade, and economic viability of mineralization in those lands, if any, other than mining for production and economic exploitation; and
(b) all roads made for the purpose of facilitating exploration, except as noted in 82-4-310.
(8) "Mineral" means any ore, rock, or substance (other than oil, gas, bentonite, clay, coal, sand, gravel,
peat, soil materials, or uranium) that is taken from below the surface or from the surface of the earth for the purpose of
milling, concentration, refinement, smelting, manufacturing, or other subsequent use or processing or for stockpiling for
future use, refinement, or smelting.
(9) "Mining" commences when the operator first mines ores or minerals in commercial quantities for sale, beneficiation, refining, or other processing or disposition or first takes bulk samples for metallurgical testing in excess of aggregate of 10,000 short tons.
(10) "Ore processing" means milling, heap leaching, flotation, vat leaching, or other standard hard-rock mineral concentration processes.
(11) "Person" means any person, corporation, firm, association, partnership, or other legal entity engaged in exploration for or mining of minerals on or below the surface of the earth, reprocessing of tailings or waste materials, or operation of a hard-rock mill.
(12) "Placer deposit" means:
(a) naturally occurring, scattered or unconsolidated valuable minerals in gravel, glacial, eolian, colluvial, or
alluvial deposits lying above bedrock; or
(b) all forms of deposit except veins of quartz and other rock in place.
(13) "Placer or dredge mining" means the mining of minerals from a placer deposit by a person or persons.
(14) "Reclamation plan" means the operator's written proposal, as required and approved by the department, for reclamation of the land that will be disturbed. The proposal must include, to the extent practical at the time of application for an operating permit:
(a) a statement of the proposed subsequent use of the land after reclamation;
(b) plans for surface gradient restoration to a surface suitable for the proposed subsequent use of the land after reclamation is completed and the proposed method of accomplishment;
(c) the manner and type of revegetation or other surface treatment of disturbed areas;
(d) procedures proposed to avoid foreseeable situations of public nuisance, endangerment of public safety, damage to human life or property, or unnecessary damage to flora and fauna in or adjacent to the area;
(e) the method of disposal of mining debris;
(f) the method of diverting surface waters around the disturbed areas when necessary to prevent pollution of those waters or unnecessary erosion;
(g) the method of reclamation of stream channels and stream banks to control erosion, siltation, and pollution;
(h) maps and other supporting documents that may be reasonably required by the department; and
(i) a time schedule for reclamation that meets the requirements of 82-4-336.
(15) (a) "Small miner" means a person, firm, or corporation that engages in mining activity that is not exempt from this
part pursuant to 82-4-310, that engages in the business of
mining or reprocessing of tailings or waste materials, or, except
as provided in 82-4-310, that knowingly allows other persons to engage in mining activities on land owned or controlled by
the person, firm, or corporation; that does not hold an operating permit under 82-4-335 except for a permit issued under
82-4-335(2) or a permit that meets the criteria of subsection (15)(c); and that conducts:
(i) an operation that results in not more than 5 acres of the earth's surface being disturbed and unreclaimed; or
(ii) two operations that disturb and leave unreclaimed less than 5 acres
per for each operation if the respective mining
(A) the only operations engaged in by the person, firm, or corporation; and
(B) at least 1 mile apart at their closest point.
(b) For the purpose of this definition only, the department shall, in computing the area covered by the operation:
(i) exclude access or haulage roads that are required by a local, state, or federal agency having jurisdiction over that road to be constructed to certain specifications if that public agency notifies the department in writing that it desires to have the road remain in use and will maintain it after mining ceases; and
(ii) exclude access roads for which the person, firm, or corporation submits a bond to the department in the amount of the estimated total cost of reclamation along with a description of the location of the road and the specifications to which it will be constructed.
(c) A small miner may hold an operating permit that allows disturbance of 100 acres or less. The permit may be amended to add new disturbance areas, but the total area permitted for disturbance may not exceed 100 acres at any time.
(16) "Soil materials" means earth material found in the upper soil layers that will support plant growth.
(17) (a) "Surface mining" means all or any part of the process involved in mining of minerals by removing the overburden and mining directly from the mineral deposits exposed, including but not limited to open-pit mining of minerals naturally exposed at the surface of the earth, mining by the auger method, and all similar methods by which earth or minerals exposed at the surface are removed in the course of mining.
(b) Surface mining does not include the extraction of oil, gas, bentonite, clay, coal, sand, gravel,
phosphate rock, peat,
soil materials, or uranium or excavation or grading conducted for onsite farming, onsite road construction, or other onsite
(18) "Underground mining" means all methods of mining other than surface mining.
(19) "Unit of surface-mined area" means that area of land and surface water included within an operating permit actually disturbed by surface mining during each 12-month period of time, beginning at the date of the issuance of the permit. The term includes the area from which overburden or minerals have been removed, the area covered by mining debris, and all additional areas used in surface mining or underground mining operations that by virtue of mining use are susceptible to erosion in excess of the surrounding undisturbed portions of land.
(20) "Vegetative cover" means the type of vegetation, grass, shrubs, trees, or any other form of natural cover considered suitable at time of reclamation."
Section 2. Section 82-4-305, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-305. Exemption -- small miners -- written agreement. (1) Except as provided in subsections (3) through
(10), the provisions of this part do not apply to a small miner if the small miner annually agrees in writing:
(a) that the small miner will not pollute or contaminate any stream;
(b) that the small miner will provide protection for human and animal life through the installation of bulkheads installed over safety collars and the installation of doors on tunnel portals;
(c) that the small miner will provide a map locating the miner's mining operations. The map must be of a size and scale determined by the department.
(d) if the small miner's operations are placer or dredge mining, that the small miner shall salvage and protect all soil materials for use in reclamation of that site and shall reclaim all land disturbed by the operations to comparable utility and stability as that of adjacent areas.
(2) For small-miner exemptions obtained after September 30, 1985, a small miner may not obtain or continue an exemption under subsection (1) unless the small miner annually certifies in writing:
(a) if the small miner is an individual, that:
(i) no business association or partnership of which the small miner is a member or partner has a small-miner exemption; and
(ii) no corporation of which the small miner is an officer, director, or owner of record of 25% or more of any class of voting stock has a small-miner exemption; or
(b) if the small miner is a partnership or business association, that:
(i) none of the associates or partners holds a small-miner exemption; and
(ii) none of the associates or partners is an officer, director, or owner of 25% or more of any class of voting stock of a corporation that has a small-miner exemption; or
(c) if the small miner is a corporation, that no officer, director, or owner of record of 25% or more of any class of voting stock of the corporation:
(i) holds a small-miner exemption;
(ii) is a member or partner in a business association or partnership that holds a small-miner exemption;
(iii) is an officer, director, or owner of record of 25% or more of any class of voting stock of another corporation that holds a small-miner exemption.
(3) A small miner whose operations are placer or dredge mining shall post a performance bond equal to the state's
documented cost estimate of reclaiming the disturbed land, although the bond may not exceed $10,000
per for each
operation. If the small miner has posted a bond for reclamation with another government agency, the small miner is exempt
from the requirement of this subsection.
(4) If a small miner who conducts a placer or dredge mining operation fails to reclaim the operation, the small miner is liable to the department for all its reasonable costs of reclamation, including a reasonable charge for services performed by state personnel and for state materials and equipment used. If the small miner posts a surety bond, the surety is liable to the state to the extent of the bond amount and the small miner is liable for the remainder of the reasonable costs to the state of reclaiming the operation.
(5) If a small miner who conducts a placer or dredge mining operation fails to commence reclamation of the operation within 6 months after cessation of mining or within an extended period allowed by the department for good cause shown or if the small miner fails to diligently complete reclamation, the department shall notify the small miner by certified mail that it intends to reclaim the operation unless the small miner commences reclamation within 30 days and diligently completes the reclamation. The notice must be mailed to the address stated on the small miner exclusion statement or, if the small miner has notified the department of a different address by letter or in the annual certification form, to the most recent address given to the department. If the small miner fails to commence reclamation within 30 days or to diligently complete reclamation, the department may revoke the small miner exclusion statement, forfeit any bond that has been posted with the department, and enter and reclaim the operation. If the small miner has not posted a bond with the department or if the reasonable costs of reclamation exceed the amount of the bond, the department may also collect additional reclamation costs, as set forth in subsection (6), before or after it incurs those costs.
(6) To collect additional reclamation costs, the department shall notify the small miner by certified mail, at the address determined under subsection (5), of the additional reasonable reclamation costs and request payment within 30 days. If the small miner does not pay the additional reclamation costs within 30 days, the department may bring an action in district court for payment of the estimated future costs and, if the department has performed any reclamation, of its reasonable actual costs. The court shall order payment of costs that it determines to be reasonable and shall retain jurisdiction until reclamation of the operation is completed. Upon completion of reclamation, the court shall order payment of any additional costs that it considers reasonable or the refund of any portion of any payment for estimated costs that exceeds the actual reasonable costs incurred by the department.
(7) A small miner who intends to use a cyanide ore-processing reagent or other metal leaching solvents or reagents shall
obtain an operating permit for that part of the small miner's operation in which the cyanide ore-processing reagent or other
metal leaching solvents or reagents will be used or disposed of. The acreage disturbed by the operation using cyanide
ore-processing reagents or other metal leaching solvents or reagents
ore-processing operation and covered by the operating
permit is excluded from the 5-acre limit specified in 82-4-303(15)(a)(i) and (15)(a)(ii).
(8) The exemption provided in this section does not apply to a person:
(a) whose failure to comply with the provisions of this part, the rules adopted under this part, or a permit or license issued under this part has resulted in the forfeiture of a bond, unless that person meets the conditions described under 82-4-360;
(b) who has not paid a penalty for which the department has obtained a judgment pursuant to 82-4-361;
(c) who has failed to post a reclamation bond required by this section, unless the department has certified that the area for which the bond should have been posted has been reclaimed by that person or reclaimed by the department and the person has reimbursed the department for the cost of the reclamation; or
(d) who has failed to comply with an abatement order issued pursuant to 82-4-362, unless the department has completed the abatement and the person has reimbursed the department for the cost of abatement.
(9) The exemption provided in this section does not apply to an area:
(a) under permit pursuant to 82-4-335;
(b) that has been permitted pursuant to 82-4-335 and reclaimed by the permittee, the department, or any other state or federal agency; or
(c) that has been reclaimed by or has been subject to remediation of contamination or pollution by a public agency, under supervision of a public agency, or using public funds.
(10) A small miner may not use mercury except in a contained facility that prevents the escape of any mercury into the environment."
Section 3. Section 82-4-310, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-310. Exemption -- scale and type of activity. (1)
This part does not apply to a person engaged in mining
activities if that person A person is exempt from this part when the person is engaging in a mining activity that does not:
(a) use motorized excavating equipment;
(b) use blasting agents;
(c) disturb more than 100 square feet or 50 cubic yards of material
per at any site;
(d) leave unreclaimed sites that are less than 1 mile apart;
(e) use a suction dredge with an intake of more than 4 inches in diameter; or (f) operate a suction dredge beyond the area of the stream bed that is naturally under water at the time of operation
(e) use mercury in any operations except in a contained facility that prevents the escape of any mercury into the environment; or
(f) use a cyanide ore-processing reagent or other metal leaching solvents or reagents in any operations.
(2) A person is exempt from this part when the person is engaging in a mining activity using a suction dredge if:
(a) the dredge in use has an intake of 4 inches in diameter or less;
(b) the person does not operate the dredge beyond the area of the streambed that is naturally under water at the time of operation; and
(c) the person has obtained for the activity:
(i) project approval pursuant to Title 75, chapter 7, part 1; and
(ii) a discharge permit issued pursuant to 75-5-402.
(2)(3) This part does not apply to a person who, on land owned or controlled by that person, allows other persons to
engage in mining activities if those activities cumulatively meet the requirements of subsection (1)."
Section 4. Section 82-4-335, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-335. Operating permit -- limitation -- fees. (1) A person may not engage in mining, ore processing, or reprocessing of tailings or waste material, construct or operate a hard-rock mill, use cyanide ore-processing reagents or other metal leaching solvents or reagents, or disturb land in anticipation of those activities in the state without first obtaining an operating permit from the department. A separate operating permit is required for each complex.
(2) A small miner who intends to use a cyanide ore-processing reagent or other metal leaching solvents or reagents shall obtain an operating permit for that part of the small miner's operation where the cyanide ore-processing reagent or other metal leaching solvents or reagents will be used or disposed of.
(3) Prior to receiving an operating permit from the department, a person shall pay the basic permit fee of $25. The department may require a person who is applying for a permit pursuant to subsection (1) to pay an additional fee not to exceed the actual amount of contractor and employee expenses beyond the normal operating expenses of the department whenever those expenses are reasonably necessary to provide for timely and adequate review of the application, including any environmental review conducted under Title 75, chapter 1, parts 1 and 2. The board may further define these expenses by rule. Whenever the department determines that an additional fee is necessary and the additional fee will exceed $5,000, the department shall notify the applicant that a fee must be paid and submit to the applicant an itemized estimate of the proposed expenses. The department shall provide the applicant an opportunity to review the department's estimated expenses. The applicant may indicate which proposed expenses the applicant considers duplicative or excessive, if any.
(4) The person shall submit an application on a form provided by the department, which must contain the following information and any other pertinent data required by rule:
(a) the name and address of the operator and, if a corporation or other business entity, the name and address of its officers, directors, owners of 10% or more of any class of voting stock, partners, and the like and its resident agent for service of process, if required by law;
(b) the minerals expected to be mined;
(c) a proposed reclamation plan;
(d) the expected starting date of operations;
(e) a map showing the specific area to be mined and the boundaries of the land that will be disturbed, the topographic detail, the location and names of all streams, roads, railroads, and utility lines on or immediately adjacent to the area, and the location of proposed access roads to be built;
(f) the names and addresses of the owners of record and any purchasers under contracts for deed of the surface of the land within the permit area and the owners of record and any purchasers under contracts for deed of all surface area within one-half mile of any part of the permit area, provided that the department is not required to verify this information;
(g) the names and addresses of the present owners of record and any purchasers under contracts for deed of all minerals in the land within the permit area, provided that the department is not required to verify this information;
(h) the source of the applicant's legal right to mine the mineral on the land affected by the permit, provided that the department is not required to verify this information;
(i) the types of access roads to be built and manner of reclamation of road sites on abandonment;
(j) a plan
which that will provide, within limits of normal operating procedures of the industry, for completion of the
(k) ground water and surface water hydrologic data gathered from a sufficient number of sources and length of time to characterize the hydrologic regime;
(l) a plan detailing the design, operation, and monitoring of impounding structures, including but not limited to tailings impoundments and water reservoirs, sufficient to ensure that the structures are safe and stable;
(m) a plan identifying methods to be used to monitor for the accidental discharge of objectionable materials and remedial action plans to be used to control and mitigate discharges to surface or ground water; and
(n) an evaluation of the expected life of any tailings impoundment or waste area and the potential for expansion of the tailings impoundment or waste site.
(5) Except as provided in subsection (7), the permit provided for in subsection (1) for a large-scale mineral development as defined in 90-6-302 must be conditioned to provide that activities under the permit may not commence until the impact plan is approved under 90-6-307 and until the permittee has provided a written guarantee to the department and to the hard-rock mining impact board of compliance within the time schedule with the commitment made in the approved impact plan, as provided in 90-6-307. If the permittee does not comply with that commitment within the time scheduled, the department, upon receipt of written notice from the hard-rock mining impact board, shall suspend the permit until it receives written notice from the hard-rock mining impact board that the permittee is in compliance.
(6) When the department determines that a permittee has become or will become a large-scale mineral developer pursuant to 82-4-339 and 90-6-302 and provides notice as required under 82-4-339, within 6 months of receiving the notice, the permittee shall provide the department with proof that the permittee has obtained a waiver of the impact plan requirement from the hard-rock mining impact board or that the permittee has filed an impact plan with the hard-rock mining impact board and the appropriate county or counties. If the permittee does not file the required proof or if the hard-rock mining impact board certifies to the department that the permittee has failed to comply with the hard-rock mining impact review and implementation requirements in Title 90, chapter 6, parts 3 and 4, the department shall suspend the permit until the permittee files the required proof or until the hard-rock mining impact board certifies that the permittee has complied with the hard-rock mining impact review and implementation requirements.
(7) Compliance with 90-6-307 is not required for exploration and bulk sampling for metallurgical testing when the aggregate samples are less than 10,000 tons.
(8) A person may not be issued an operating permit if:
(a) that person's failure to comply with the provisions of this part, the rules adopted under this part, or a permit or license issued under this part has resulted in the forfeiture of a bond, unless that person meets the conditions described in 82-4-360;
(b) that person has not paid a penalty for which the department has obtained a judgment pursuant to 82-4-361;
(c) that person has failed to post a reclamation bond required by 82-4-305, unless the department has certified that the area for which the bond should have been posted has been reclaimed by that person or reclaimed by the department and the person has reimbursed the department for the cost of the reclamation;
(d) that person has failed to comply with an abatement order issued pursuant to 82-4-362, unless the department has completed the abatement and the person has reimbursed the department for the cost of abatement.
(9) A person may not be issued a permit under this part unless, at the time of submission of a bond, the person provides the current information required in subsection (4)(a) and:
(a) (i) certifies that the person is not currently in violation in this state of any law, rule, or regulation of this state or of the United States pertaining to air quality, water quality, or mined land reclamation; or
(ii) presents a certification by the administering agency that the violation is in the process of being corrected to the agency's satisfaction or is the subject of a bona fide administrative or judicial appeal; and
(b) if the person is a partnership, corporation, or other business association, provides the certification required by subsection (9)(a)(i) or (9)(a)(ii), as applicable, for any partners, officers, directors, owners of 10% or more of any class of voting stock, and business association members."
Section 5. Section 82-4-338, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-338. Performance bond. (1) The applicant shall file with the department a bond payable to the state of Montana
with surety satisfactory to the department in the sum to be determined by the department of not less than $200
or more than
$2,500 for each acre or fraction of an acre of the disturbed area land, conditioned upon the faithful performance of the
requirements of this part, the rules of the board, and the permit. In lieu of a bond, the applicant may file with the board
department a cash deposit, an assignment of a certificate of deposit, or other surety acceptable to the department.
Regardless of the limits in this subsection, the The bond may not be less than the estimated cost to the state to ensure
compliance with this part, the rules, and the permit, including the potential cost of department management, operation, and
maintenance of the site upon temporary or permanent operator insolvency or abandonment, until full bond liquidation can
be effected. A public or governmental agency may not be required to post a bond under the provisions of this part. A
blanket performance bond covering two or more operations may be accepted by the board department. A blanket bond must
adequately secure the estimated total number of acres of disturbed land.
(2) The department shall
review conduct an overview of the amount of each bond at least every 5 years annually and
shall conduct a comprehensive bond review at least every 5 years. The department may conduct additional comprehensive
bond reviews if, after modification of the reclamation or operation plan, an annual overview, or an inspection of the permit
area, the department determines that an increase of the bond level may be necessary. The department shall consult with the
licensee or permittee if the review indicates that the bond level should be adjusted. When determined by the department that
the set bonding level of a permit or license does not represent the present costs of compliance with this part, the rules, and
the permit, the department may modify the bonding requirements of that permit or license. The department shall make
written findings, give the licensee or permittee a copy of the findings, and, for operating permits, publish notice of the
findings in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the operation is located. The permittee or any person
with an interest that may be adversely affected may obtain a contested case hearing under the provisions of the Montana
Administrative Procedure Act on the adjusted bond level by filing with the department within 30 days of the notice a
written request for hearing.
(3) A bond filed in accordance with the provisions of this part may not be released by the department until the provisions of this part, the rules adopted pursuant to this part, and the permit have been fulfilled.
(4) A bond filed for an operating permit obtained under 82-4-335 may not be released or decreased until the public has been provided an opportunity for a hearing and a hearing has been held if requested. The department shall provide reasonable statewide and local notice of the opportunity for a hearing, including but not limited to publishing the notice in newspapers of general daily circulation.
(5) All bonds required in accordance with the provisions of this section must be based upon reasonably foreseeable activities that the applicant may conduct in order to comply with conditions of an operating permit or license. Bonds may be required only for anticipated activities as described in subsection (1). Only those activities that themselves or in conjunction with other activities have a reasonable possibility of occurring may be bonded.
(6) At the applicant's discretion, bonding in addition to that required by this section may be posted. These unobligated bonds may, on the applicant's request, be applied to future bonds required by this section."
Section 6. Section 82-4-341, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-341. Compliance -- reclamation by
board department. (1) The department shall cause the permit area to be
inspected at least annually to determine whether the permittee has complied with this part, the rules adopted under this part,
or the permit.
(2) The permittee shall proceed with reclamation as scheduled in the approved reclamation plan or as required pursuant to subsection (8). Following written notice by the department noting deficiencies, the permittee shall commence action within 30 days to rectify these deficiencies and shall diligently proceed until the deficiencies are corrected. Deficiencies that also violate other laws that require earlier rectification must be corrected in accordance with the applicable time provisions of those laws. The department may extend performance periods referred to in this section and in 82-4-336 for delays clearly beyond the permittee's control, but only when the permittee is, in the opinion of the department, making every reasonable effort to comply.
(3) Within 30 days after notification by the permittee and when, in the judgment of the department, reclamation of a unit of disturbed land area is properly completed, the department shall provide the public notice and conduct any hearing requested pursuant to 82-4-338. As soon as practicable thereafter, the permittee must be notified in writing and the bond on the area must be released or decreased proportionately to the acreage included within the bond coverage.
board department shall cause the bond to be forfeited if:
(a) reclamation of disturbed land is not pursued in accordance with the reclamation plan and the permittee has not commenced action to rectify deficiencies within 30 days after notification by the department;
(b) reclamation is not properly completed in conformance with the reclamation plan within 2 years after completion or abandonment of operation on any fraction of the permit area or within a longer period that may have been authorized under this part; or
(c) after default by the permittee, the surety either refuses or fails to perform the work to the satisfaction of the department within the time required.
(5) The department shall notify the permittee and the surety by order. If the bond is not paid within 30 days after receipt of the notice, the attorney general, upon request of the department, shall bring an action on behalf of the state in district court.
(6) The department may, with the staff, equipment, and material under its control or by contract with others, take any necessary actions for required reclamation of the disturbed lands. Except in an environmental emergency, work provided for in this section must be let on the basis of competitive bidding. The department shall keep a record of all necessary expenses incurred in carrying out the work or activity authorized under this section, including a reasonable charge for the services performed by the state's personnel and the state's equipment and materials used. The surety is liable to the state to the extent of the bond. The permittee is liable for the remainder of the cost. Upon completion of the reclamation, the department shall return any amount not expended.
(7) In addition to the other liabilities imposed by this part, failure to commence an action to remedy specific deficiencies in reclamation within 30 days after notification by the department or failure to satisfactorily complete reclamation work on any segment of the permit area within 2 years or within a longer period that the department may permit on the permittee's application or on the department's own motion, after completion or abandonment of operations on any segment of the permit area, constitutes sufficient grounds for cancellation of a permit or license and refusal to issue another permit or license to the applicant. A cancellation action may not be effected while an appeal is pending from any ruling requiring the cancellation of a permit or license.
(8) (a) If at the time of bond review pursuant to 82-4-338 no mineral extraction or ore processing has occurred on a mine permit area for the past 5 years, the department shall determine whether further suspension of the operation will create conditions that will cause violations of Title 75, chapter 2 or 5, or significantly impair reclamation of disturbed areas. If the department determines in writing that violations of Title 75, chapter 2 or 5, or significant impairment of reclamation will occur, the department shall notify the permittee that the permittee shall, within a reasonable time specified in the notice, abate the conditions or commence reclamation. The department may grant reasonable extensions of time for good cause shown. If the permittee does not abate the conditions or commence reclamation within the time specified in the notice and any extensions, the department shall order either that the condition be abated or that reclamation be commenced.
(b) The permittee may request a hearing on the order by submitting a written request for hearing within 30 days of receipt of the order. A request for hearing stays the order pending a final decision, unless the department determines in writing that the stay will create an imminent threat of significant environmental harm or will significantly impair reclamation."
Section 7. Section 82-4-349, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-349. Limitations of actions. Legal actions seeking review of a department decision granting or denying an exploration license or operating permit issued under this part must be filed within 90 days after the decision is made. Summons must be issued and process served on all defendants within 60 days after the action is filed."
Section 8. Section 82-4-402, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-402. Policy. It is the policy of this state to provide for the reclamation and conservation of land subjected to
mineral materials mining. Therefore, it is the purpose of this part to preserve natural resources, to aid in the
protection of wildlife and aquatic resources, to safeguard and reclaim through effective means and methods all agricultural,
recreational, home, and industrial sites subjected to or which that may be affected by opencut mineral materials mining to
protect and perpetuate the taxable value of property through reclamation, to protect scenic, scientific, historic, or other
unique areas, and to promote the health, safety, and general welfare of the people of this state."
Section 9. Section 82-4-403, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-403. Definitions. When used in this part, unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Affected land" means the area of land and land covered by water that is disturbed by opencut mining operations,
including the area from which overburden or
mineral material is to be or has been removed and upon which the overburden
is to be or has been deposited, roads constructed to gain access to the mineral material, areas of processing facilities on or
contiguous to the opencut mine, treatment and sedimentation ponds, and mineral material stockpile areas on or contiguous
to the opencut mine.
(2) "Board" means the board of environmental review provided for in 2-15-3502.
(3) "Contract" means a mined land reclamation contract prepared by the board to meet the requirements of this part. (4)(3) "Department" means the department of environmental quality provided for in 2-15-3501. (5)(4) "Final cut" means the last pit created in an opencut-mined area. (6)(5) "Landowner" means the owner of land directly affected by subjected to an opencut-mining operation. (7)(6) "Minerals" "Materials" means bentonite, clay, scoria, phosphate rock peat, sand, soil materials, or gravel. (8)(7) "Opencut mining" means the mining of minerals materials by:
(a) removing the overburden lying upon natural deposits of
minerals materials and mining directly from the exposed
natural deposits; or
(b) mining directly from natural deposits of
minerals materials ; or (c) removing overburden for the purpose of determining the location, quality, or quantity of any natural deposit of
minerals. (9)(8) "Operator" means a person engaged in or controlling an opencut-mining operation. (10)(9) "Overburden" means all of the earth and other materials that lie above a natural deposit of minerals materials. (11)(10) "Person" means:
(a) a natural person;
(b) a firm, association, partnership, cooperative, or corporation;
(c) a department, agency, or instrumentality of the state or any governmental subdivision; or
(d) any other entity.
(12)(11) "Processing facilities" means all crushers, screens, and asphalt or concrete plants. (13)(12) "Progress report" means a report showing the land that the operator has affected by opencut mining during the
year. The report must show the number of acres of affected land and all reclamation accomplished on a form provided by
the department, with appropriate maps, that shows:
(a) any change in ownership or control of the affected land and includes a landowner consent form if a change has occurred;
(b) any change in personnel who are in charge of the operation or responsible for reclamation;
(c) any change in any contractors or subcontractors who will be working at the site; and
(d) all land that has been affected by the operation.
(14) "Public notice" means notice given by publication in a newspaper in the general area where the affected land is
located. The notice must be given once a week for 3 successive weeks. (15)(13) "Reclamation" means the reconditioning of the area of land affected by opencut-mining operations to make the
area suitable for productive use, including but not limited to forestry, agriculture, grazing, wildlife, recreation, or residential
and industrial sites. (16)(14) "Reclamation plan" means the a plan that:
(a) meets the requirements of 82-4-434; and
(b) contains a description of current land use, topographical data, water data, soils data, leased areas, and intended mine areas and an explanation of proposed reclamation of the land, including appropriate maps.
(17)(15) "Refuse" means all waste material directly connected with the opencut-mining operations. (18)(16) "Soils "Soil materials" are those horizons that contain topsoil or other soils leached free of deleterious salts, that
are capable of sustaining plant growth, and that are recognized as such by standard authorities. (19)(17) "Spoil" means the overburden that is disturbed from its natural state in the process of opencut mining."
Section 10. Section 82-4-405, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-405. Inapplicability to
state and local government. The provisions of this part relating to fees or bonds do not
apply to the federal government or its agencies, the state of Montana, counties, cities, or towns."
Section 11. Section 82-4-422, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-422. Powers, duties, and functions. (1) The department has the
following powers, duties, and functions to:
enter into contracts where issue permits when it is found on the basis of the information set forth in the application
and an evaluation of the operation by the department that the requirements of the part or rules will be observed and that the
operation and the reclamation of the affected area can be carried out consistently with the purpose of the part;
(b) conduct hearings and, for the purposes of conducting
such those hearings, administer oaths and affirmations,
subpoena witnesses, compel attendance of witnesses, hear evidence, and require the production of any books, papers,
correspondence, memoranda, agreements, documents, or other records relevant or material to the inquiry;
(c) reclaim any affected land with respect to which a bond has been forfeited; and
(d) make investigations or inspections
which that are considered necessary to insure ensure compliance with any
provision of this part.
(2) The board shall adopt rules:
(a) that pertain to opencut mining in order to accomplish the purposes of this part; and
(b) establishing uniform procedures for filing of necessary records, for the issuance of
contracts permits, and for any
other matters of administration not specifically enumerated in this part."
Section 12. Section 82-4-423, MCA, is amended to read:
Contracts Permits for reclamation. The department is hereby authorized to enter into contracts with issue
permits to operators in the name of the state of Montana which that will provide for the reclamation of lands on which
opencut mining of minerals has been or is to be conducted. The department is authorized to sue and be sued in the name of
the state of Montana to enforce the provisions of any contract permit, and the department shall bring such any court actions
and take such any other steps and actions as may be necessary to enforce the provisions of such contracts a permit."
Section 13. Section 82-4-427, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-427. Hearing. (1) A person who is aggrieved by a final decision of the department is entitled to a hearing within 30 days of the department's decision.
(2) The Montana Administrative Procedure Act governs hearings before the department and judicial review of those
of the board under this part."
Section 14. Section 82-4-431, MCA, is amended to read:
Contract Permit for reclamation required. (1) An operator may not conduct opencut-mining operations
that will result in the removal of a total of 10,000 cubic yards or more of product or materials and overburden or that will
result in the disturbance of land that was previously reclaimed pursuant to this part until the operator has entered into a
contract with the department has issued a permit to the operator for the reclamation of the land affected. A person may not,
without a permit, remove materials from a site from which a total of 10,000 cubic yards or more of materials and
overburden has been removed. An operator conducting a number of operations, each of which results in the removal of less
than 10,000 cubic yards of product or materials and overburden but which that result in the removal of 10,000 cubic yards
or more of product or materials and overburden in the aggregate, is subject to the provisions of this part, except as provided
in this section.
(a) Except as provided in or conditioned under subsections (2)(b) (3) and (2)(c) (4), an operator who holds a contract
permit for reclamation may operate an opencut mine without first securing an additional contract permit or an amendment
to the existing contract permit or bond if the mine meets the following criteria: (i)(a) the total amount of material materials and overburden removed does not exceed 1,000 2,500 cubic yards; and (ii)(b) the operator notifies the department prior to beginning operations and, within 30 days of notifying the
department, submits a completed site information form, salvages and stockpiles all root-bearing soil materials, regrades the
affected area to 3:1 or flatter slope and blends the reclaimed area into the adjacent topography, and during the first
appropriate growing season, replaces all topsoil and reseeds or revegetates as required by the department. (b)(3) The department may refuse to approve an application for issuance of a permit under subsection (1) or allow the
operator to operate an opencut mine under subsection (2)(a) subsections (1) and (2) if, at the time of notification by the
operator to the department, the operator has a pattern of violations or is in current violation of this part, or rules adopted
under this part, or provisions of a contract permit for reclamation. (c)(4) The department may require an additional bond as a condition for the operation of an opencut mine under
subsection (2) (a). (3)(5) Opencut mines described in subsection (2) may not be placed:
(a) in flowing, ephemeral, or intermittent streams;
(b) in the bottom or head of a confined drainage;
(c) in an area where the operation will intercept ground water or intercept any slope that is naturally steeper than 3:1; or
(d) in any area where mining would be restricted by other laws.
(4)(6) Sand and gravel opencut mines must meet applicable local zoning regulations adopted under Title 76, chapter 2."
Section 15. Section 82-4-432, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-432. Application for
contract permit -- contents -- issuance -- amendment. (1) Applications for a contract
permit must be made upon a form furnished by the department. The form must contain the following:
(a) the name of the operator and, if other than the owner of the land, the name and address of the owner;
(b) the type of operation to be conducted;
(c) the volume of earth to be removed, as accurately as the volume may then be estimated, and the volume
has been previously removed, if any;
(d) the location of the operation by legal subdivision, section, township and range, and county;
(e) the date when the operation was or will be commenced; and
(f) a statement that the applicant has the right and power by legal estate owned to mine by opencut mining the lands
(2) The application must be accompanied by:
(a) a bond or security meeting the requirements as set out in this part;
(b) a fee of $50 for an application to mine bentonite, clay, scoria, sand, or gravel;
(c) a statement from the local governing body having jurisdiction over the area to be mined certifying that a proposed sand and gravel opencut mine and its operating and reclamation plans comply with applicable local zoning regulations adopted under Title 76, chapter 2; and
(d) the operator's plan of operation and
the method and manner of reclamation that will be used or followed a complete
(3) If, prior to applying for a
contract permit, the operator a person notifies the department of the intention to submit a
plan an application and requests the department to examine the area to be mined, the department shall cause the area to be
examined and make recommendations to the operator person regarding reclamation. The person may request a meeting with
the department. The department shall hold a meeting if requested.
(4) Upon receipt of
the a complete application , bond or security, and fee due from the operator and upon agreement to
the terms of the contract by the parties, the department may issue a contract to the applicant which entitles the applicant to
continue in or engage in opencut mining on the land therein described containing all items listed in subsections (1) and (2),
the department shall, within 30 days, notify the person if it has approved or denied the application. The department may for
sufficient cause extend its period of review for an additional 30 days if it notifies the person of the extension prior to the
end of the original 30-day period. Upon approval of the application, the department shall issue a permit to the operator that
entitles the operator to continue or engage in opencut mining on the land described in the application.
(5) An operator desiring to have a
contract permit amended to cover additional contiguous or nearby land may file an
amended application with the department. Upon receipt of the amended application and such any additional bond as may be
required and upon agreement to the terms of the amendment by the parties, the department may issue an amendment to the
original contract permit covering the additional land described in the amended application without the payment of any
(6) An operator may withdraw any land covered by
contract a permit, except affected land, by notifying the department
thereof of the withdrawal, in which case the penalty of the bond or security filed by the operator pursuant to the provisions
of this part shall must be reduced proportionately."
Section 16. Section 82-4-433, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-433. Bond. (1) A bond required to be filed
in under this part by the operator shall be in such must be in a form as
that the department prescribes, payable to the state of Montana and conditioned upon the operator's full compliance with all
requirements of this part, and all the rules of the board, and the permit. The bond shall must be signed by the landowner or
operator, as appropriate, as principal, and by a good and sufficient corporate surety licensed to do business in the state of
Montana, as surety. The bond shall must be in an amount not to exceed the costs of restoration required by this part as
determined by the department. The amount of the bond may not be less than $200 or more than $1,000 per an acre unless
the department determines, in writing, that the cost of restoration of the land exceeds $1,000 per an acre. Upon such a the
cost determination, the bond amount must be set by the department at the cost of restoring the land.
(2) In lieu of the bond, the operator may deposit with the
board department cash, government securities, a letter of credit
in a form acceptable to the department, or a bond with property sureties in an amount equal to that of the required bond on
conditions as above prescribed in this part. In the discretion of the board department, surety bond requirements may be
fulfilled by the operator's posting a bond with land and improvements and facilities thereon located on the land as security,
in which event no a surety may not be required but the department may require that the amount of the bond be adjusted to
reimburse the department for foreclosure costs. The penalty of the bond or amount of cash and securities shall must be
increased or reduced from time to time as provided in this part. The bond or security remains in effect until the affected
land has been reclaimed as provided under the contract permit and the reclamation has been approved and the bond or
security has been released by the board department. The bond or security shall may cover only actual affected land and may
be increased or reduced to cover only such those acreages as remain unreclaimed.
(3) If the license of a surety upon a bond filed with the department pursuant to this part is suspended or revoked, the
operator, within 30 days after receiving notice
thereof of the suspension or revocation from the board department, shall
substitute for that surety a good and sufficient surety licensed to do business in the state. Upon failure of the operator to
make substitution of surety, the board department may suspend the contract permit of the operator to conduct operations
upon the land described in the contract permit until the substitution has been made.
(4) The department shall cause the reclamation of any affected land with respect to which a bond has been forfeited.
(5) Whenever an operator has completed all of the requirements under the provisions of this part as to any affected land,
the operator shall notify the department
thereof of the completed requirements. If the board releases the operator from
further obligation regarding such any affected land, the penalty of the bond shall must be reduced proportionately."
Section 17. Section 82-4-434, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-434. Reclamation plan part of
contract permit -- requirements. The contract reclamation plan must meet the
The operator shall submit a reclamation plan to the department before commencing any opencut mining and may not
commence mining before the plan receives approval from the department. The operator may request and receive a meeting
with the department prior to submission of the plan. If the department does not notify the operator that it has approved or
disapproved a plan within 30 days after the department has received the plan, the department is considered to have
approved the plan. The department, however, for sufficient cause, may extend its period of consideration for an additional
30 days if it notifies the operator prior to the end of the original 30-day period. The department shall submit each
reclamation plan or amendments to the reclamation plan to the landowner for recommendations and shall consider those
recommendations in deciding whether to approve or disapprove any plan or amendments. The department may seek
technical help from any state or federal agency. The board department shall submit the plan immediately to the director of
the university of Montana-Missoula statewide archaeological survey state historic preservation office for evaluation of
possible archaeological or historical values in the area to be mined. The department may approve a reclamation plan only if
the department has found that the plan provides for the best possible reclamation procedures available under the
circumstances at the time, so that after mining operations are completed, the affected land will be reclaimed to a productive
use. Once the reclamation plan is accepted in writing by the department, it must become a part of the contract permit but is
subject to annual review and modification by the department.
(2) The department may not approve
any a reclamation plan or a plan of operations unless the plan provides plans
(a) that the land will be reclaimed for one or more specified uses, including but not limited to forest, pasture, orchard, cropland, residence, recreation, industry, and habitat for wildlife, including food, cover, or water, or other uses;
(b) that to the extent reasonable and practicable, the operator will establish vegetative cover commensurate with the proposed land use;
(c) whenever operations result in a need to prevent acid drainage or sedimentation on or in adjoining lands or streams, for the construction of earth dams or other reasonable devices to control water drainage, provided the formation of the impoundments or devices will not interfere with other landowners' rights or contribute to water pollution;
(d) that to accomplish practical utilization of soil materials, the material will be salvaged and utilized for placement on
affected areas, if required by the reclamation plan after completion or termination of that particular phase of the mining
operations, at a depth sufficient for plant growth on slopes of 3:1 or less
;. The depth of soil materials to be placed on the
reclaimed area must be specified in the plan.
(e) that grading will be commensurate with the topography sought and land use designated;
(f) that metal and other waste will be removed or buried;
(g) that all access, haul, and other support roads will be located, constructed, and maintained in such a manner as to control and minimize channeling and other erosion;
(h) that the operator will submit a progress report annually to the department;
(i) that all operations will be conducted to avoid range and forest fires and spontaneous combustion and that open burning of carbonaceous materials will be in accordance with suitable practices for fire prevention and control;
(j) that archaeological and historical values in areas to be mined will be given appropriate protection;
(k) that except for
rock faces, bench faces, and excavations used for water impoundments those postmine land uses that
do not require vegetation, each surface area of the mined premises that will be disturbed will be revegetated when its use
for extractive purposes is no longer required;
(l) that seeding and planting will be done in a manner to achieve a permanent
suitable vegetative cover for wildlife,
livestock, that is suitable for the postmine land use and retardation of that retards erosion and that all seed will be drilled
unless otherwise provided in the plan;
(m) that reclamation will be as concurrent with mining operations as feasible and will be completed within a specified
length of time;
(n) that surface water and ground water will be given appropriate protection, consistent with state law, from deterioration of water quality and quantity that may arise as a result of the operation;
(o) that noise and visual impacts on residential areas will be minimized to the degree practicable through berms, vegetation screens, and reasonable limits on hours of operation; and
(p) that any additional procedures that are necessary, consistent with the purposes of this part, to prevent significant physical harm to the affected land or adjacent land, structures, improvements, or life forms will be implemented.
(3) If reclamation according to the plan has not been completed in the time specified, the department after 30 days'
written notice shall order the operator to cease mining and, if the operator does not cease,
shall may issue an order to
reclaim[, a notice of violation, or an order of abatement] or may institute an action to enjoin further operation and may sue
for damages for breach of contract the conditions of the permit, for payment of the performance bond, or for both.
(4) (a) At any time during the
period of reclamation term of the permit, the operator may for good reason submit to the
department a new reclamation plan or amendments to the existing plan, including extensions of time.
(b) The department may approve the proposed new reclamation plan or amendments to the existing plan if:
(i) the operator has in good faith carried on reclamation according to the existing plan and the proposed new plan or amendments to the existing plan will result in reclamation as or more desirable than the reclamation proposed under the existing plan; or
(ii) it is highly improbable reclamation will be successful unless the existing plan is replaced or amended.
(c) When accepted, the proposed new reclamation plan or the proposed amendments to the existing plan become a part
(5) The operator shall provide a performance bond or an alternative acceptable to the department in an amount
commensurate with the estimated cost of reclamation, but in no case may the bond be less than $200
per an acre. The
estimated cost of reclamation must be set forth in the reclamation plan.
contract permit, reclamation plan, and amendments accepted by the department are a public record and are open
contract permit is effective when signed by the department and the operator and remains in force until
terminated by mutual consent or by the department upon 6 months' notice."
Section 18. Section 82-4-441, MCA, is amended to read:
"82-4-441. Penalty -- enforcement. (1) The department may assess against a person who violates any of the provisions
of this part, rules adopted under this part, or provisions of a
contract for reclamation permit:
(a) a civil penalty of not less than $100 or more than $1,000 for the violation; and
(b) an additional civil penalty of not less than $100 or more than $1,000 for each day during which a violation continues following the service of notice of the violation.
(2) The department shall take into account the following factors in determining whether to institute a civil penalty action and in determining the penalty amount:
(a) the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation;
(b) the violator's prior history of violations;
(c) the economic benefit or savings, if any, to the violator resulting from the violator's action;
(d) the amounts voluntarily expended by the violator to address or mitigate the violation or impacts of the violation; and
(e) other matters that justice may require.
(3) The department shall notify the person or operator of the violation. The person or operator is entitled, by filing a written request within 20 days of receipt of the notice of violation, to a hearing on the issues of whether the alleged violation has occurred and whether the penalty proposed to be imposed is proper. The department shall issue a statement of proposed penalty no more than 10 days after notice of violation. After the hearing or after the time for requesting a hearing has expired, the department shall make findings of fact, issue a written decision as to the occurrence of the violation and the amount of penalty warranted, and order the payment of a penalty in that amount. The person or operator shall remit the amount of the penalty within 30 days of the order. If the person or operator wishes to obtain judicial review of the assessment, the person or operator shall submit with the penalty a statement that the penalty is being paid under protest and the department shall hold the payment in escrow until judicial review is complete. A person or operator who fails to request and submit testimony at the hearing provided for in this subsection or who fails to pay the assessed penalty under protest within 30 days of the order assessing the penalty forfeits the right to seek judicial review of the violation or penalty determinations. These penalties are recoverable in an action brought by the department in the district court of the first judicial district of this state, in and for the county of Lewis and Clark, or in the district court of the county in which the opencut mine is located.
(4) The department may bring an action to enjoin an operator or other person violating or threatening to violate this part,
rules adopted pursuant to this part, or a
contract made permit pursuant to this part in the district court of the first judicial
district of this state, in and for the county of Lewis and Clark, or in the district court of the county in which the opencut
mine is located."
Section 19. Coordination instruction. If Senate Bill No. 313 is passed and approved, and if Senate Bill No. 313 amends Title 82, chapter 4, part 4, then the bracketed language in [section 17 of this act] is void.
Section 20. Saving clause. [This act] does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, or proceedings that were begun before [the effective date of this act].
Section 21. Severability. If a part of [this act] is invalid, all valid parts that are severable from the invalid part remain in effect. If a part of [this act] is invalid in one or more of its applications, the part remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid applications.
Section 22. Effective date. [This act] is effective on passage and approval.
Section 23. Applicability. (1) [Section 1(8)] and [section 9(6)] apply to operations conducted after July 31, 1999, except that the department of environmental quality may accept small miner exclusions and issue licenses and permits to implement these provisions at any time after [the effective date of this act]. [Section 1(8)] and [section 9(6)] apply to those operations upon filing of the exclusion or issuance of the license or permit.
(2) [Section 2(7)] applies to operations for which a valid small miner exclusion had not been filed before May 1, 1999.
(3) (a) For purposes of the amendment in [section 7] relating to the time for issuance of summons and service of process in legal actions challenging department decisions granting or denying an exploration license or operating permit issued under Title 82, chapter 4, part 3, the 60-day time limit specified in [section 7] applies to actions that are pending on [the effective date of this act] and the 60-day period must begin on [the effective date of this act].
(b) For purposes of the amendments in [sections 9, 11, 12, and 14 through 18] relating to changing opencut mining "contracts" to "permits", contracts issued before [the effective date of this act] are permits. The department of environmental quality shall issue permit documents to the contract holders within a reasonable time after [the effective date of this act].
- END -
Latest Version of HB 183 (HB0183.ENR)
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