About Bill -- Links
HOUSE BILL NO. 199
INTRODUCED BY J. COBB
A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT PHASING OUT THE TAX ON CLASS SIX PROPERTY BY ANNUALLY REDUCING THE TAXABLE PERCENTAGE BY 1 PERCENT A YEAR UNTIL THE 2003 TAX YEAR, AT WHICH POINT THE TAX CLASSIFICATION IS ELIMINATED; AMENDING SECTIONS 15-1-101, 15-6-136, AND 15-6-207, MCA; REPEALING SECTION 15-6-136, MCA; AND PROVIDING DELAYED EFFECTIVE DATES."
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 15-1-101, MCA, is amended to read:
"15-1-101. Definitions. (1) Except as otherwise specifically provided, when terms mentioned in this section are used in connection with taxation, they are defined in the following manner:
(a) The term "agricultural" refers to:
(i) the production of food, feed, and fiber commodities, livestock and poultry, bees, fruits and vegetables, and sod, ornamental, nursery, and horticultural crops that are raised, grown, or produced for commercial purposes; and
(ii) the raising of domestic animals and wildlife in domestication or a captive environment.
(b) The term "assessed value" means the value of property as defined in 15-8-111.
(c) The term "average wholesale value" means the value to a dealer prior to reconditioning and the profit margin shown in national appraisal guides and manuals or the valuation schedules of the department.
(d) (i) The term "commercial", when used to describe property, means property used or owned by a business, a trade, or a corporation, as defined in 35-2-114, or used for the production of income, except property described in subsection (1)(d)(ii).
(ii) The following types of property are not commercial:
(A) agricultural lands;
(B) timberlands and forest lands;
(C) single-family residences and ancillary improvements and improvements necessary to the function of a bona fide farm, ranch, or stock operation;
(D) mobile homes and manufactured homes used exclusively as a residence except when held by a distributor or dealer as stock in trade; and
(E) all property described in 15-6-135
; and (F) all property described in 15-6-136.
(e) The term "comparable property" means property that:
(i) has similar use, function, and utility;
(ii) is influenced by the same set of economic trends and physical, governmental, and social factors; and
(iii) has the potential of a similar highest and best use.
(f) The term "credit" means solvent debts, secured or unsecured, owing to a person.
(g) (i) "Department", except as provided in subsection (1)(g)(ii), means the department of revenue provided for in 2-15-1301.
(ii) In chapters 70 and 71, department means the department of transportation provided for in 2-15-2501.
(h) The terms "gas" and "natural gas" are synonymous and mean gas as defined in 82-1-111(2). The terms include all natural gases and all other fluid hydrocarbons, including methane gas or any other natural gas found in any coal formation.
(i) The term "improvements" includes all buildings, structures, fences, and improvements situated upon, erected upon, or affixed to land. When the department determines that the permanency of location of a mobile home, manufactured home, or housetrailer has been established, the mobile home, manufactured home, or housetrailer is presumed to be an improvement to real property. A mobile home, manufactured home, or housetrailer may be determined to be permanently located only when it is attached to a foundation that cannot feasibly be relocated and only when the wheels are removed.
(j) The term "leasehold improvements" means improvements to mobile homes and mobile homes located on land owned by another person. This property is assessed under the appropriate classification, and the taxes are due and payable in two payments as provided in 15-24-202. Delinquent taxes on leasehold improvements are a lien only on the leasehold improvements.
(k) The term "livestock" means cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, asses, llamas, alpacas, bison, ostriches, rheas, emus, and domestic ungulates.
(l) The term "manufactured home" means a residential dwelling built in a factory in accordance with the United States department of housing and urban development code and the federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards. A manufactured home does not include a mobile home, as defined in 61-1-501 and in subsection (1)(m) of this section, a housetrailer, as defined in 61-1-501, or a mobile home or housetrailer constructed before the federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards went into effect on June 15, 1976.
(m) The term "mobile home" means forms of housing known as "trailers", "housetrailers", or "trailer coaches" exceeding 8 feet in width or 45 feet in length, designed to be moved from one place to another by an independent power connected to them, or any trailer, housetrailer, or trailer coach up to 8 feet in width or 45 feet in length used as a principal residence.
(n) The term "personal property" includes everything that is the subject of ownership but that is not included within the meaning of the terms "real estate" and "improvements".
(o) The term "poultry" includes all chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, and other birds raised in domestication to produce food or feathers.
(p) The term "property" includes money, credits, bonds, stocks, franchises, and all other matters and things, real, personal, and mixed, capable of private ownership. This definition may not be construed to authorize the taxation of the stocks of a company or corporation when the property of the company or corporation represented by the stocks is within the state and has been taxed.
(q) The term "real estate" includes:
(i) the possession of, claim to, ownership of, or right to the possession of land;
(ii) all mines, minerals, and quarries in and under the land subject to the provisions of 15-23-501 and Title 15, chapter 23, part 8;
(iii) all timber belonging to individuals or corporations growing or being on the lands of the United States; and
(iv) all rights and privileges appertaining to mines, minerals, quarries, and timber.
(r) "Recreational" means hunting, fishing, swimming, boating, waterskiing, camping, biking, hiking, and winter sports, including but not limited to skiing, skating, and snowmobiling.
(s) "Research and development firm" means an entity incorporated under the laws of this state or a foreign corporation authorized to do business in this state whose principal purpose is to engage in theoretical analysis, exploration, and experimentation and the extension of investigative findings and theories of a scientific and technical nature into practical application for experimental and demonstration purposes, including the experimental production and testing of models, devices, equipment, materials, and processes.
(t) The term "stock in trade" means any mobile home, manufactured home, or housetrailer that is listed by the dealer as inventory and that is offered for sale, is unoccupied, and is not located on a permanent foundation. Inventory does not have to be located at the business location of a dealer or a distributor.
(u) The term "taxable value" means the percentage of market or assessed value as provided for in Title 15, chapter 6, part 1.
(2) The phrase "municipal corporation" or "municipality" or "taxing unit" includes a county, city, incorporated town, township, school district, irrigation district, or drainage district or a person, persons, or organized body authorized by law to establish tax levies for the purpose of raising public revenue.
(3) The term "state board" or "board" when used without other qualification means the state tax appeal board."
Section 2. Section 15-6-136, MCA, is amended to read:
"15-6-136. Class six property -- description -- taxable percentage. (1) Class six property includes:
(a) livestock and other species of domestic animals and wildlife raised in domestication or a captive environment, except for cats, dogs, and other household pets not raised for profit;
(b) items of personal property intended for rent or lease in the ordinary course of business if each item of personal property satisfies all of the following:
(i) the acquired cost of the personal property is less than $15,000;
(ii) the personal property is owned by a business whose primary business income is from rental or lease of personal
property to individuals
wherein when no one customer of the business accounts for more than 10% of the total rentals or
leases during a calendar year;
(iii) the lease of the personal property is generally on an hourly, daily, or weekly basis; and
(c) machinery and equipment used in canola seed oil processing facilities if:
(i) the operators of those facilities employ a minimum of 15 full-time employees; and
(ii) a canola seed oil processing facility locates in the state of Montana after July 25, 1989; and
(d) machinery and equipment used in a malting barley facility.
(2) "Canola seed oil processing facility" means a facility that:
(a) extracts oil from canola seeds, refines the crude oil to produce edible oil, formulates and packages the edible oil into food products, or engages in any one or more of those processes; and
(b) employs at least 15 employees in a full-time capacity.
(3) "Malting barley facility" means a facility and integral machinery and equipment used principally to malt malting barley and includes machinery and equipment to mix, blend, transport, transfer, or process the barley and malt at the facility.
(4) Class six property is taxed at 4% of its market value. Beginning in tax year 2000, class six property is taxed at 3% of its market value. In tax year 2001, class six property is taxed at 2% of its market value. In tax year 2002, class six property is taxed at 1% of its market value."
Section 3. Section 15-6-207, MCA, is amended to read:
"15-6-207. Agricultural exemptions. (1) The following agricultural products are exempt from taxation:
(a) all unprocessed agricultural products on the farm or in storage and owned by the producer;
(b) all producer-held grain in storage;
(c) all unprocessed agricultural products
, except livestock;
except as provided in subsection (1)(e), livestock that have not attained the age of 24 months as of February 1 or as
of the last day of any month of the prior tax year if assessed on the average inventory basis as provided in 15-24-902(2); (e) swine that have not attained the age of 6 months as of January 1; (f) poultry and the unprocessed products of poultry; and (g) bees and the unprocessed product of bees livestock and other species of domestic animals and wildlife raised in
domestication or a captive environment, except for cats, dogs, and other household pets not raised for profit.
(2) Any beet digger, beet topper, beet defoliator, beet thinner, beet cultivator, beet planter, or beet top saver designed exclusively to plant, cultivate, and harvest sugar beets is exempt from taxation if the implement has not been used to plant, cultivate, or harvest sugar beets for the 2 years immediately preceding the current assessment date and there are no available sugar beet contracts in the sugar beet grower's marketing area.
(3) Property formerly taxed as class six property is exempt from taxation, including:
(a) items of personal property intended for rent or lease in the ordinary course of business if each item of personal property satisfies all of the following:
(i) the acquired cost of the personal property is less than $15,000;
(ii) the personal property is owned by a business whose primary business income is from rental or lease of personal property to individuals when no one customer of the business accounts for more than 10% of the total rentals or leases during a calendar year; and
(iii) the lease of the personal property is generally on an hourly, daily, or weekly basis;
(b) machinery and equipment used in canola seed oil processing facilities if the operators of those facilities employ a minimum of 15 full-time employees and if the canola seed oil processing facility locates in the state of Montana after July 25, 1989. As used in this subsection (3)(b), "canola seed oil processing facility" means a facility that:
(i) extracts oil from canola seeds, refines the crude oil to produce edible oil, formulates and packages the edible oil into food products, or engages in any one or more of those processes; and
(ii) employs at least 15 employees in a full-time capacity; and
(c) machinery and equipment used in a malting barley facility. As used in this subsection (3)(c), "malting barley facility" means a facility and integral machinery and equipment used principally to malt malting barley and includes machinery and equipment to mix, blend, transport, transfer, or process the barley and malt at the facility."
NEW SECTION. Section 4. Repealer. Section 15-6-136, MCA, is repealed.
NEW SECTION. Section 5. Effective dates. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), [this act] is effective January 1, 2000.
(2) [Sections 1, 3, and 4] are effective January 1, 2003.
- END -
Latest Version of HB 199 (HB0199.01)
Processed for the Web on January 12, 1999 (4:09PM)
New language in a bill appears underlined, deleted material appears stricken.
Sponsor names are handwritten on introduced bills, hence do not appear on the bill until it is reprinted. See the status of this bill for the bill's primary sponsor.
Status of this Bill| 1999 Session | Leg. Branch Home
Prepared by Montana Legislative Services