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HOUSE BILL NO. 374
INTRODUCED BY J. HURDLE, P. CLARK, G. GUTSCHE, C. WILLIAMS
AN ACT REQUIRING THAT THE DISTRICT COURT HOLD A HEARING BEFORE MAKING ITS DECISION THAT A YOUTH SHOULD BE TRIED AS AN ADULT; ABOLISHING THE DEATH PENALTY FOR OFFENDERS LESS THAN 18 YEARS OF AGE AT THE TIME OF THE COMMISSION OF A CAPITAL OFFENSE; AND AMENDING SECTIONS 41-5-206, 41-5-1501, 45-5-102, AND 45-5-503, MCA.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 41-5-206, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-206. Filing in district court prior to formal proceedings in youth court. (1) The county attorney may, in the county attorney's discretion and in accordance with the procedure provided in 46-11-201, file with the district court a motion for leave to file an information in the district court if:
(a) the youth charged was 12 years of age or older at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act would if it had been committed by an adult constitute:
(i) sexual intercourse without consent as defined in 45-5-503;
(ii) deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-102;
(iii) mitigated deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-103; or
(iv) the attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of or accountability, as provided in 45-2-301, for either deliberate or mitigated deliberate homicide; or
(b) the youth charged was 16 years of age or older at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act is one or more of the following:
(i) negligent homicide as defined in 45-5-104;
(ii) arson as defined in 45-6-103;
(iii) aggravated or felony assault as defined in 45-5-202;
(iv) robbery as defined in 45-5-401;
(v) burglary or aggravated burglary as defined in 45-6-204;
(vi) aggravated kidnapping as defined in 45-5-303;
(vii) possession of explosives as defined in 45-8-335;
(viii) criminal sale of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-101;
(ix) criminal production or manufacture of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-110;
(x) attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of or accountability, as provided in 45-2-301, for any of the
acts enumerated in subsections (1)(b)(i) through
(xi) use of threat to coerce criminal street gang membership or use of violence to coerce criminal street gang membership, as defined in 45-8-403.
(2) The county attorney shall file with the district court a petition for leave to file an information in district court if the youth was 17 years of age at the time the youth committed an offense listed under subsection (1).
(3) The district court shall grant leave to file the information if
the court finds it appears from the
affidavit or other evidence supplied by the county attorney that there is probable cause to believe that
the youth has committed the alleged offense. and that, considering the seriousness of the offense and in
the interests of community protection, Within 30 days after leave to file the information is granted, the
district court shall conduct a hearing to determine whether the matter must be transferred back to the
youth court, unless the hearing is waived by the youth or by the youth's counsel in writing or on the
record. The hearing may be continued on request of either party for good cause. The district court may
not transfer the case back to the youth court if the district court finds, by a preponderance of the
evidence, that a youth court proceeding and disposition will not serve the interests of community
protection and the best interests of the youth, and that, considering the seriousness of the offense, the
case should be filed remain in the district court.
(4) The filing of an information in district court terminates the jurisdiction of the youth court over the youth with respect to the acts alleged in the information. A youth may not be prosecuted in the district court for a criminal offense originally subject to the jurisdiction of the youth court unless the case has been filed in the district court as provided in this section. A case may be transferred to district court after prosecution as provided in 41-5-208 or 41-5-1605.
(5) An offense not enumerated in subsection (1) that arises during the commission of a crime enumerated in subsection (1) may be:
(a) tried in youth court;
(b) transferred to district court with an offense enumerated in subsection (1) upon motion of the
county attorney and order of the district court
judge. The district court shall hold a hearing before
deciding the motion.
(6) If a youth is found guilty in district court of
any of the offenses an offense enumerated in
subsection (1) and is sentenced to the state prison, the commitment must be to the department of
corrections. The department shall confine the youth in whatever an institution that it considers proper,
including a state youth correctional facility under the procedures of 52-5-111. However, a youth under
16 years of age may not be confined in a state prison facility. During the period of confinement,
school-aged youth with disabilities must be provided an education consistent with the requirements of
the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. 1400, et seq.
(7) A youth whose case is filed in the district court may not be detained or otherwise placed in a jail or other adult detention facility before final disposition of the youth's case unless:
(a) alternative facilities do not provide adequate security; and
(b) the youth is kept in an area that provides physical separation as well as sight and sound separation from adults accused or convicted of criminal offenses."
Section 2. Section 41-5-1501, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1501. Consent decree with petition. (1) (a) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), after
the filing of a petition under 41-5-1402 and before the entry of a judgment, the court may, on motion of
counsel for the youth or on the court's own motion, suspend the proceedings and continue the youth
under supervision under terms and conditions negotiated with probation services and agreed to by all
necessary parties. The court's order continuing the
child youth under supervision under this section is
known as a "consent decree". Except as provided in subsection (1)(b), the procedures used and
dispositions permitted under this section must conform to the procedures and dispositions specified in
41-5-1302 through 41-5-1304 relating to consent adjustments without petition and the responsibility of
the youth's parents or guardians to pay a contribution for the costs of placement in substitute care.
(b) A youth may be placed in detention for up to 10 days on a space-available basis at the county's expense, which is not reimbursable under part 19 of this chapter.
(2) A consent decree under this section may not be used by the court unless the youth admits guilt
any charges a charge of an offense set forth in the petition and accepts responsibility for the youth's
(3) If the youth or the youth's counsel objects to a consent decree, the court shall proceed to findings, adjudication, and disposition of the case.
(4) If, either prior to discharge by probation services or expiration of the consent decree, a new petition alleging that the youth is a delinquent youth or a youth in need of intervention is filed against the youth or if the youth fails to fulfill the expressed terms and conditions of the consent decree, the petition under which the youth was continued under supervision may be reinstated in the discretion of the county attorney in consultation with probation services. In the event of reinstatement, the proceeding on the petition must be continued to conclusion as if the consent decree had never been entered.
(5) A youth who is discharged by probation services or who completes a period under supervision without reinstatement of the original petition may not again be proceeded against in any court for the same offense alleged in the petition, and the original petition must be dismissed with prejudice. This subsection does not preclude a civil suit against the youth for damages arising from the youth's conduct.
In all cases in which If the terms of the consent decree extend for a period in excess of 6
months, the probation officer shall at the end of each 6-month period submit a report that must be
reviewed by the court. (7) A consent decree with petition under this section may not be used to dispose of a youth's alleged
second or subsequent offense if that offense would be a felony if committed by an adult or third or
subsequent offense if that offense would be a misdemeanor if committed by an adult.
(7) A consent decree with petition under this section may not be used to dispose of a youth's alleged second or subsequent offense if that offense would be a felony if committed by an adult or third or subsequent offense if that offense would be a misdemeanor if committed by an adult."
Section 3. Section 45-5-102, MCA, is amended to read:
"45-5-102. Deliberate homicide. (1) A person commits the offense of deliberate homicide if:
(a) the person purposely or knowingly causes the death of another human being; or
(b) the person attempts to commit, commits, or is legally accountable for the attempt or commission of robbery, sexual intercourse without consent, arson, burglary, kidnapping, aggravated kidnapping, felonious escape, felony assault, aggravated assault, or any other forcible felony and in the course of the forcible felony or flight thereafter, the person or any person legally accountable for the crime causes the death of another human being.
(2) A person convicted of the offense of deliberate homicide shall be punished by death as provided in 46-18-301 through 46-18-310, unless the person is less than 18 years of age at the time of the commission of the offense, by life imprisonment, or by imprisonment in the state prison for a term of not less than 10 years or more than 100 years, except as provided in 46-18-219 and 46-18-222."
Section 4. Section 45-5-503, MCA, is amended to read:
"45-5-503. Sexual intercourse without consent. (1) A person who knowingly has sexual intercourse without consent with another person commits the offense of sexual intercourse without consent. A person may not be convicted under this section based on the age of the person's spouse, as provided in 45-5-501(1)(b)(iii).
(2) A person convicted of sexual intercourse without consent shall be punished by life imprisonment or by imprisonment in the state prison for a term of not less than 2 years or more than 100 years and may be fined not more than $50,000, except as provided in 46-18-219 and 46-18-222.
(3) (a) If the victim is less than 16 years old and the offender is 3 or more years older than the victim or if the offender inflicts bodily injury upon anyone in the course of committing sexual intercourse without consent, the offender shall be punished by life imprisonment or by imprisonment in the state prison for a term of not less than 4 years or more than 100 years and may be fined not more than $50,000, except as provided in 46-18-219 and 46-18-222.
(b) If two or more persons are convicted of sexual intercourse without consent with the same victim in an incident in which each offender was present at the location where another offender's offense occurred during a time period in which each offender could have reasonably known of the other's offense, each offender shall be punished by life imprisonment or by imprisonment in the state prison for a term of not less than 5 years or more than 100 years and may be fined not more than $50,000, except as provided in 46-18-219 and 46-18-222.
(c) If the offender was previously convicted of an offense under this section or of an offense under the laws of another state or of the United States that if committed in this state would be an offense under this section and if the offender inflicted serious bodily injury upon a person in the course of committing each offense, the offender shall be:
(i) punished by death as provided in 46-18-301 through 46-18-310, unless the offender is less than 18 years of age at the time of the commission of the offense; or
(ii) punished as provided in 46-18-219.
(4) In addition to any sentence imposed under subsection (2) or (3), after determining the financial resources and future ability of the offender to pay restitution as required by 46-18-242, the court shall require the offender, if able, to pay the victim's reasonable medical and counseling costs that result from the offense. The amount, method, and time of payment must be determined in the same manner as provided for in 46-18-244.
(5) As used in subsection (3), an act "in the course of committing sexual intercourse without consent" includes an attempt to commit the offense or flight after the attempt or commission."
- END -
Latest Version of HB 374 (HB0374.ENR)
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