1999 Montana Legislature

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     Section 1.  Section 32-1-105, MCA, is amended to read:

     "32-1-105.  Commercial bank defined. The term "commercial bank" means any bank authorized by law to:

     (1)  receive deposits of money;

     (2)  deal in commercial paper or make loans thereon on commercial paper;

     (3)  lend money on real or personal property;

     (4)  sell credit life and disability insurance on loans to its borrowers engage in business activities directly or indirectly through affiliates or subsidiaries;

     (5)  discount bills, notes, or other commercial papers; and

     (6)  buy and sell securities, gold and silver bullion, foreign coins, or bills of exchange."

     Section 2.  Section 32-1-109, MCA, is amended to read:

     "32-1-109.  Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions apply:

     (1)  "Affiliate" has the meaning given that term in 12 U.S.C. 1841(k).

     (2)  "Bank holding company" means a bank holding company registered under the federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended.

     (3)  "Board" means the state banking board provided for in 2-15-1803.

     (4)  "Branch bank" means:

     (a)  a banking house, other than the main banking house, maintained and operated by a bank doing business in the state and at which deposits are received, checks are paid, or money is lent, but does not include a satellite terminal, as defined in 32-6-103, or the office of an affiliated depository institution acting as an agent; and

     (b)  in the case of a trust company, any office at which trust services are provided.

     (5)  "Capital", "capital stock", and "paid-in capital" mean that fund for which certificates of stock are issued to stockholders.

     (6)  "Consolidate" and "merge" mean the same thing and may be used interchangeably in this chapter.

     (7) "Demand deposits" means all deposits, the payment of which can legally be required when demanded.

     (8) "Department" means the department of commerce provided for in Title 2, chapter 15, part 18.

     (9)  "Depository institution" means a bank or savings association organized under the laws of a state or the United States.

     (10) "Division" means the division of banking and financial institutions of the department.

     (11) "Insured depository institution" means a bank or savings association in which the deposits are insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation.

     (12) "Main banking house" means the designated principal place of business of a bank in the state.

     (13) "Net earnings" means the excess of the gross earnings of a bank over expenses and losses chargeable against those earnings during any 1 year.

     (14) "Principal shareholder" means a person who directly or indirectly owns or controls, individually or through others, more than 10% of any class of voting stock.

     (15) "Profit and loss account" or "profit and loss" means that account carried on the books of the bank into which all earnings accounts and recoveries are closed, thus exhibiting "gross earnings", and against which all loss and other disbursement items are charged, revealing "net earnings", which are then properly closed to "undivided profits accounts" or "undivided profits", out of which dividends are paid and reserves set aside.

     (16) "Savings association" means a savings association or savings bank organized under the laws of the United States or a building and loan association, savings and loan association, or similar entity organized under the laws of a state.

     (17) "Shell bank" means a bank organized solely for the purpose of, and that does not conduct any banking business prior to, acquiring control of, merging with, or acquiring all or substantially all of the assets of an existing bank or savings association.

     (18) "Subsidiary" means a company 25% or more of whose voting shares or equity interests are owned and controlled by a bank.

     (18)(19) "Surplus" means a fund paid in or created under this chapter by a bank from its net earnings or undivided profits that, when set apart and designated as surplus, is not available for the payment of dividends and cannot be used for the payment of expenses or losses so long as the bank has undivided profits.

     (19)(20) "Time deposits" means all deposits, the payment of which cannot legally be required within 7 days.

     (20)(21) "Undivided profits" means the credit balance of the profit and loss account of a bank."

     Section 3.  Section 32-1-362, MCA, is amended to read:

     "32-1-362.  National bank powers extended to state banks. (1) A bank organized under the laws of the this state may engage in any activity or business in which the bank could engage if it were operating as a national bank if the power or activity is not expressly prohibited or limited by the laws of this state and:

     (a)  if the power or activity is clearly authorized to national banks by federal statute, or by regulations, or interpretive ruling issued or adopted by a federal banking regulator having jurisdiction over national banks; and

     (b)  upon application to and approval by the department.

     (2)  The department may adopt rules to govern the application procedure under this section. The department shall act upon an application under this section within 15 days of receipt of the application. The department may, for good cause, extend the time period for processing an application under this section for an additional 15 days."

     Section 4.  Section 32-1-422, MCA, is amended to read:

     "32-1-422.  Restriction on investment in corporate stock -- rulemaking authority. (1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3), a commercial or savings bank may not purchase or invest its capital or surplus or money of its depositors, or any part of either its capital or surplus or money of its depositors, in the capital stock of any corporation unless the purchase or acquisition of capital stock is necessary to prevent loss to the bank on a debt previously contracted in good faith. Any capital stock so purchased or acquired to prevent the loss must be sold by the bank within 6 months after purchase or acquisition if it can be sold for the amount of the claim of the bank against it. All capital stock purchased or acquired must be sold for the best price obtainable by the bank within 1 year after purchase or acquisition, or if the stock is unmarketable, it must be charged off as an investment loss, which is equivalent to the stock's sale. A person or corporation violating any provision of this section shall forfeit to the state twice the nominal amount of the stock.

     (2)  A bank may acquire and hold for its own account:

     (a)  up to 20% of its capital and surplus in the capital stock of a bank service corporation organized solely for the purpose of providing services to banks;

     (b)  shares of stock of a federal reserve bank, without limitation of amount; and

     (c)  shares of stock in a Montana capital company or the Montana small business investment capital company within limits prescribed by the Montana Capital Company Act.; and

     (d)  shares of stock or financial interests in an affiliate or a subsidiary, the business activities of which are limited to those allowed by law for a bank.

     (3)  A bank may invest any amount up to the limit established by the department of its unimpaired capital and surplus in shares of stock of:

     (a)  the federal national mortgage association;

     (b)  the federal home loan mortgage corporation;

     (c)  the federal agricultural mortgage corporation; and

     (d)  the federal home loan bank; and

     (d)(e)  other corporations created pursuant to acts of congress to meet the agricultural, housing, health, transit, educational, environmental, or similar needs of the nation when the department determines that the investment is in the public interest.

     (4)  A bank may, upon written application and approval of the department, make an investment in an amount permitted by the department by rule so long as the investment serves primarily to promote the public welfare, including the welfare of low- and moderate-income families and communities in need of jobs, housing, and public services. A bank may also, with the department's approval, purchase interests in an entity, as defined in 35-1-113(9), that makes investments for similar public welfare purposes.

     (4)(5)  The department shall adopt rules to implement this section. The rules pertaining to the investments allowed in subsection (4) may be substantially equivalent to or more stringent than the eleventh power provided for in 12 U.S.C. 24 and the policy guidelines on community development issued by the office of the comptroller of the currency."

     Section 5.  Section 32-1-432, MCA, is amended to read:

     "32-1-432.  Limitations on loans -- rulemaking. (1) (a) The total loans or extensions of credit to a person, partnership, or corporation by a bank, including loans to a partnership and to the members of the partnership, may not exceed 20% of the amount of the unimpaired capital and surplus of that bank.

     (b)  The discount of bills of exchange drawn in good faith against actual existing values, the discount of bankers, acceptances of other banks, the discount of commercial or business paper actually owned by the person negotiating it and the obligations of the United States, general obligations of any state or of any political subdivision, or obligations issued under authority of the Federal Farm Loan Act may not be considered as money borrowed.

     (c)  The limitations imposed on total loans and extensions of credit by this section do not apply to loans and investments secured by obligations of the United States having a current market value of 100% of the amount loaned or invested.

     (d)  Loans or obligations are not subject under this section to any limitation based upon that unimpaired capital and surplus to the extent that they are secured or covered by guaranties, or by commitments or agreements to take over or to purchase them, made by a federal reserve bank or by the United States or a department, bureau, board, commission, or establishment of the United States, including a corporation wholly owned, directly or indirectly, by the United States.

     (2)  The combined liabilities of the members of a firm, partnership, or unincorporated association to the loaning bank must be included in the liabilities of the firm, partnership, or unincorporated association. The portion of the liabilities of the firm, partnership, or unincorporated association for which a member individually is legally responsible must be included in the liabilities of the member in determining the limitations imposed by this section. In determining the limitation for loans or extensions of credit to a limited partner of a limited partnership, the portions of the liabilities of the limited partnership for which the limited partner is free from liability must be excluded.

     (3)  When, in the judgment of the department, the liabilities of a corporation or the combined liabilities of a corporation and one or more of its stockholders to a bank are excessive, it shall require the reduction to the limits and within the time it prescribes.

     (4)  The limitations of this section do not apply to the extent that the loan or extension of credit is secured by pledged deposits in the lending bank.

     (5)  The limitations of this section do not apply to a loan of funds or an extension of credit made by a bank to another bank if the term of the loan or extension of credit does not exceed 2 business days.

     (6)  The limitations of this section do not apply to the extent that a loan is covered by a guaranty or by commitments or agreements to take over or purchase the loan made by an agency or board of the state of Montana authorized by law to provide such the guaranties, commitments, or agreements.

     (7)  (a) A state-chartered bank may be exempted from the limitations of this section by applying to the department for a written waiver stipulating that the bank will be subject to the limitations imposed on national banks under 12 U.S.C. 84 and the regulations of the office of the comptroller of the currency.

     (b)  A written waiver provided to a state-chartered bank in accordance with subsection (7)(a) may not be changed by the bank or revoked by the department for 2 years from the date of issue or for a different period determined by the department by rule.

     (7)(8)  The department may adopt rules to carry out the purposes of this section.

     (8)(9)  For purposes of this section, the terms "loan" and "extension of credit" include all direct or indirect advances of funds to a person on the basis of an obligation of the person to repay the funds. The terms also include a liability of a state chartered state-chartered bank to advance funds to or on behalf of a person pursuant to a contractual commitment. The department may adopt a rule differentiating between discretionary and nondiscretionary contractual commitments."

     Section 6.  Section 32-1-492, MCA, is amended to read:

     "32-1-492.  Definitions -- reproduction of bank records -- admissibility in evidence -- cost recovery. (1) (a) For the purposes of this section, "bank records" includes any document, paper, letter, book, map, photograph, sound or video recording, magnetic tape, electronic-storage medium, or other information- recording medium used in a bank's normal course of business.

     (b)  (i) For the purposes of this section, "electronic storage" means the recording, storage, retention, maintenance, and reproduction of documents using microfilm, microfiche, data processing, computers, or other electronic process that correctly and legibly stores and reproduces documents.

     (ii) A photographic, photostatic, miniature photographic copy, or reproduction of any kind, including electronic or computer-generated data that has been electronically stored and is capable of being converted into written form, must be considered an original record for all purposes and must be treated as an original record in all courts and administrative agencies for the purposes of admissibility in evidence.

     (iii) A facsimile, exemplification, or certified copy of any reproduction referred to in subsection (1)(b)(ii) must, for all purposes, be considered a facsimile, exemplification, or certified copy of the original record.

     (2)  Except as provided in subsection (6), banks are authorized to make, at any time, photographic or photostatic copies or microfilm reproductions of any records or documents, including photographic enlargements and prints of microfilms, to be preserved, stored, used, and employed in carrying on business.

     (3)  In an action or proceeding in which bank records may be called in question or be demanded of a bank or any officer or employee of a bank, a showing that the records have been destroyed in the regular course of business is a sufficient excuse for the failure to produce the records.

     (4)  Upon the showing required in subsection (3), secondary evidence of the form, text, and contents of the original records, including photostatic, photographic, or microfilm reproductions, photographic enlargements, and prints of microfilm reproductions, when made in the regular course of business, is admissible in evidence in any court of competent jurisdiction or in any administrative proceeding.

     (5)  Any photostatic, photographic, or microfilm reproductions, including enlargements of the microfilm reproductions, made in the regular course of business of any original files, records, books, cards, tickets, deposit slips, or memoranda that were in existence on July 1, 1951, are admissible in evidence as proof of the form, text, and content of the originals that were destroyed in the regular course of business.

     (6)  The reproduction of records of a foreign capital depository is subject to the provisions of Title 32, chapter 8, part 5.

     (7)  A bank may, as a condition of providing bank records to a third party in response to a subpoena or to another legal procedure or request, charge and collect the actual costs incurred in locating, reproducing, and providing the bank records."

     Section 7.  Insurance activities. (1) A bank or a bank's subsidiary or affiliate may:

     (a)  except title insurance, sell insurance of all types, including annuities, credit life insurance, and disability insurance; and

     (b)  act as an insurance producer, adjuster, consultant, or administrator as defined in Title 33, chapter 17.

     (2)  A bank or a bank's subsidiary or affiliate that engages in insurance activities authorized in subsection (1) is subject to the provisions of Title 33.

     Section 8.  Codification instruction. [Section 7] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 32, chapter 1, and the provisions of Title 32, chapter 1, apply to [section 7].

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