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SENATE BILL NO. 175
INTRODUCED BY D. ECK, H. HARPER, S. BARTLETT, T. BECK, D. EWER, C. HIBBARD, E. SWANSON
A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT PROVIDING AN INDIVIDUAL INCOME TAX CREDIT FOR
MEDICAL CARE INSURANCE PREMIUMS
MADE PAID BY STATE EMPLOYEES FOR CERTAIN DEPENDENTS
OF THE TAXPAYER; ESTABLISHING AGE AND RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEPENDENT;
LIMITING THE APPLICABILITY OF THE CREDIT TO DEPENDENTS WHO ARE NOT ELIGIBLE FOR MEDICAID
OR FOR THE STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAM; ESTABLISHING FAMILY INCOME
LIMITATIONS FOR THE CREDIT; PROVIDING THAT THE CREDIT IS REFUNDABLE; AMENDING SECTION
15-30-121, MCA; AND PROVIDING AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE AND RETROACTIVE APPLICABILITY
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
NEW SECTION. Section 1. Refundable credit for certain STATE EMPLOYEE-PAID health insurance premiums -- limitations. (1) There is a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter for premium payments made by the taxpayer for insurance for medical care, as defined in 26 U.S.C. 213(d), for the benefit of qualifying dependents.
(2) A dependent is an individual who:
(a) is a dependent of the taxpayer under 15-30-113;
(b) has not attained 19 years of age at the close of the calendar year in which the tax year of the taxpayer begins;
(c) is a Montana resident;
(d) is not eligible for medicaid benefits under Title 53, part 6; and
(e) is not eligible for the state children's health insurance program under [sections 1 through 10 of LC 449].
(3) FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, THE TAXPAYER MUST BE AN EMPLOYEE OF STATE GOVERNMENT, WHICH INCLUDES THE MONTANA UNIVERSITY SYSTEM BUT DOES NOT INCLUDE EMPLOYEES OF COUNTIES, CITIES, TOWNS, OR SCHOOL DISTRICTS.
(3)(4) A taxpayer may claim a credit allowed by this section if the taxpayer's family income does not exceed 150% of
the federal poverty level as defined in 53-4-201. A credit is not allowed under this section if the taxpayer's family income
exceeds 150% of the federal poverty level. (4)(5) For the purposes of this section, "family income" means federal adjusted gross income, without regard to loss, as
that quantity is defined in the Internal Revenue Code, plus all nontaxable income, including but not limited to:
(a) the gross amount of any pension or annuity, including Railroad Retirement Act benefits and veterans' disability benefits;
(b) the amount of capital gains excluded from adjusted gross income;
(c) maintenance payments from a former spouse;
(d) support money;
(e) nontaxable strike benefits;
(f) cash public assistance and relief;
(g) payments and interest on federal, state, county, and municipal bonds; and
(h) all payments received under federal social security except social security income paid directly to a nursing home.
(5)(6) The credit allowed under this section is an amount equal to 100% of the premium payments made by the taxpayer
FOR QUALIFYING MEDICAL CARE INSURANCE UNDER TITLE 2, CHAPTER 18, PARTS 7 AND 8, OR
EQUIVALENT QUALIFYING MEDICAL CARE INSURANCE OFFERED BY THE MONTANA UNIVERSITY
SYSTEM in the tax year for all qualifying dependents. (6)(7) A deduction, exclusion, or credit is not allowed under any other provision of this chapter with respect to any
amount for which a credit is allowed under this section. (7)(8) If the amount of the credit exceeds the taxpayer's liability under this chapter, the amount of the excess must be
refunded to the taxpayer. The credit may be claimed even though the taxpayer has no tax liability.
Section 2. Section 15-30-121, MCA, is amended to read:
"15-30-121. Deductions allowed in computing net income. (1) In computing net income, there are allowed as deductions:
(a) the items referred to in sections 161, including the contributions referred to in 33-15-201(5)(b), and 211 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (26 U.S.C. 161 and 211), or as sections 161 and 211 are labeled or amended, subject to the following exceptions, which are not deductible:
(i) items provided for in 15-30-123;
(ii) state income tax paid;
(iii) premium payments for medical care as provided in subsection (1)(g)(i);
(iv) long-term care insurance premium payments as provided in subsection (1)(g)(ii);
(b) federal income tax paid within the tax year;
(c) expenses of household and dependent care services as outlined in subsections (1)(c)(i) through (1)(c)(iii) and (2) and subject to the limitations and rules as set out in subsections (1)(c)(iv) through (1)(c)(vi), as follows:
(i) expenses for household and dependent care services necessary for gainful employment incurred for:
(A) a dependent under 15 years of age for whom an exemption can be claimed;
(B) a dependent as allowable under 15-30-112(5), except that the limitations for age and gross income do not apply, who is unable to provide self-care because of physical or mental illness; and
(C) a spouse who is unable to provide self-care because of physical or mental illness;
(ii) employment-related expenses incurred for the following services, but only if the expenses are incurred to enable the taxpayer to be gainfully employed:
(A) household services that are attributable to the care of the qualifying individual; and
(B) care of an individual who qualifies under subsection (1)(c)(i);
(iii) expenses incurred in maintaining a household if over half of the cost of maintaining the household is furnished by an individual or, if the individual is married during the applicable period, is furnished by the individual and the individual's spouse;
(iv) the amounts deductible in subsections (1)(c)(i) through (1)(c)(iii), subject to the following limitations:
(A) a deduction is allowed under subsection (1)(c)(i) for employment-related expenses incurred during the year only to the extent that the expenses do not exceed $4,800;
(B) expenses for services in the household are deductible under subsection (1)(c)(i) for employment-related expenses only if they are incurred for services in the taxpayer's household, except that employment-related expenses incurred for services outside the taxpayer's household are deductible, but only if incurred for the care of a qualifying individual described in subsection (1)(c)(i)(A) and only to the extent that the expenses incurred during the year do not exceed:
(I) $2,400 in the case of one qualifying individual;
(II) $3,600 in the case of two qualifying individuals; and
(III) $4,800 in the case of three or more qualifying individuals;
(v) if the combined adjusted gross income of the taxpayers exceeds $18,000 for the tax year during which the expenses are incurred, the amount of the employment-related expenses incurred, to be reduced by one-half of the excess of the combined adjusted gross income over $18,000;
(vi) for purposes of this subsection (1)(c):
(A) married couples shall file a joint return or file separately on the same form;
(B) if the taxpayer is married during any period of the tax year, employment-related expenses incurred are deductible only if:
(I) both spouses are gainfully employed, in which case the expenses are deductible only to the extent that they are a direct result of the employment; or
(II) the spouse is a qualifying individual described in subsection (1)(c)(i)(C);
(C) an individual legally separated from the individual's spouse under a decree of divorce or of separate maintenance may not be considered as married;
(D) the deduction for employment-related expenses must be divided equally between the spouses when filing separately on the same form;
(E) payment made to a child of the taxpayer who is under 19 years of age at the close of the tax year and payments made to an individual with respect to whom a deduction is allowable under 15-30-112(5) are not deductible as employment-related expenses;
(d) in the case of an individual, political contributions determined in accordance with the provisions of section 218(a) and (b) of the Internal Revenue Code (now repealed) that were in effect for the tax year ended December 31, 1978;
(e) that portion of expenses for organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer produced as a byproduct allowed as a deduction under 15-32-303 that was not otherwise deducted in computing taxable income;
(f) contributions to the child abuse and neglect prevention program provided for in 41-3-701, subject to the conditions set forth in 15-30-156;
(g) the entire amount of premium payments made by the taxpayer, except premiums deducted in determining Montana adjusted gross income, or for which a credit was claimed under 15-30-128 or [section 1], for:
(i) insurance for medical care, as defined in 26 U.S.C. 213(d), for coverage of the taxpayer, the taxpayer's dependents, and the parents and grandparents of the taxpayer; and
(ii) long-term care insurance policies or certificates that provide coverage primarily for any qualified long-term care
services, as defined in 26 U.S.C. 7702B(c), for
: (A) the benefit of the taxpayer for tax years beginning after December 31, 1994; or (B) the benefit of the taxpayer, the taxpayer's dependents, and the parents and grandparents of the taxpayer for tax years
beginning after December 31, 1996; and
(h) contributions to the Montana drug abuse resistance education program provided for in 44-2-702, subject to the conditions set forth in 15-30-159.
(2) (a) Subject to the conditions of subsection (1)(c), a taxpayer who operates a family day-care home or a group day-care home, as these terms are defined in 52-2-703, and who cares for the taxpayer's own child and at least one unrelated child in the ordinary course of business may deduct employment-related expenses considered to have been paid for the care of the child.
(b) The amount of employment-related expenses considered to have been paid by the taxpayer is equal to the amount that the taxpayer charges for the care of a child of the same age for the same number of hours of care. The employment-related expenses apply regardless of whether any expenses actually have been paid. Employment-related expenses may not exceed the amounts specified in subsection (1)(c)(iv)(B).
(c) Only a day-care operator who is licensed and registered as required in 52-2-721 is allowed the deduction under this subsection (2). (Subsection (1)(h) terminates on occurrence of contingency--sec. 12, Ch. 808, L. 1991.)"
NEW SECTION. Section 3. Codification instruction. [Section 1] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 15, chapter 30, part 1, and the provisions of Title 15, chapter 30, part 1, apply to [section 1].
NEW SECTION. Section 4. Coordination instruction. If [LC 449] is not passed and approved, then [section 1(2)(e) of this act] is void.
NEW SECTION. Section 5. Effective date. [This act] is effective on passage and approval.
NEW SECTION. Section 6. Retroactive applicability. [This act] applies retroactively, within the meaning of 1-2-109, to tax years beginning after December 31, 1998.
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Latest Version of SB 175 (SB0175.02)
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