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SENATE BILL NO. 199
INTRODUCED BY C. CHRISTIAENS, J. HARP, T. BECK, J. BOHLINGER, K. GALVIN-HALCRO, D. GRIMES, J. MANGAN, G. MASOLO, B. MCCARTHY, B. RYAN, L. SOFT, D. WYATT, D. SHEA
AN ACT REQUIRING A YOUTH DETENTION FACILITY TO PROVIDE AN EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR YOUTH HELD IN THE FACILITY; ALLOWING A YOUTH DETENTION CENTER TO CONTRACT WITH A SCHOOL DISTRICT TO PROVIDE THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM; ESTABLISHING A METHOD OF FUNDING THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM; AMENDING SECTIONS 7-6-501, 41-5-1802, 41-5-1803, 41-5-1804, AND 41-5-1807, MCA; AND PROVIDING AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. District obligation for students in youth detention facility. A school district is responsible for providing funding for the education of students of the district who are detained in a youth detention facility. The school district's obligation must be funded from the district's general fund.
Section 2. Section 7-6-501, MCA, is amended to read:
"7-6-501. Definitions. As used in 7-6-502 and this section, unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Detention" means the holding or temporary placement of a youth in a facility other than the youth's own home for the purpose of ensuring the continued custody of the youth at any time after the youth is taken into custody and before final disposition of the youth's case.
(2) "Juvenile detention program" means services to provide for the lawful detention or shelter care of youth. The term includes:
(a) youth evaluations ordered by the court under 41-5-1503, 41-5-1512, or 41-5-1513;
(b) programs for the transportation of youth to appropriate detention facilities or shelter care facilities; and
(c) an educational program for youth in need of that service.
(3) "Local government" has the same meaning as provided in 7-12-1103.
(4) "Shelter care" has the same meaning as provided in 41-5-103.
(5) "Youth" means an individual who is less than 18 years of age who is alleged to be a delinquent youth or youth in need of intervention as those terms are defined in 41-5-103."
Section 3. Section 41-5-1802, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1802. Rules. The department shall adopt rules governing licensing procedures for regional and county detention facilities, including the requirement that a youth detention facility provide an educational program for youth in need of that service."
Section 4. Section 41-5-1803, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1803. County responsibility to provide youth detention services. (1) Each county shall provide services for the detention of youth in facilities separate from adult jails. The term "services" includes an educational program for youth in need of that service.
(2) In order to fulfill its responsibility under subsection (1), a county may:
(a) establish, operate, and maintain a holdover, a short-term detention center, or a youth detention facility at county expense;
(b) provide shelter care facilities as authorized in 41-5-1801;
(c) contract with another county for the use of an available shelter care facility, holdover, short-term detention center, or youth detention facility;
(d) establish and operate a network of holdovers in cooperation with other counties;
(e) establish a regional detention facility; or
(f) enter into an agreement with a private party under which the private party will own, operate, or lease a shelter care facility or youth detention facility for use by the county. The agreement may be made in substantially the same manner as provided for in 7-32-2232 and 7-32-2233.
(3) Each county or regional detention facility must be licensed by the department in accordance with rules adopted under 41-5-1802.
(4) A county youth detention facility or a regional detention facility may contract with a school district for the provision of an educational program at the facility. The school district may use the facility as an alternative education site for the district. A contract authorized under this subsection must be made pursuant to the Interlocal Cooperation Act, Title 7, chapter 11, part 1, and must specify:
(a) that the school district is responsible for providing for the education of students enrolled in the school district;
(b) that the youth detention facility is responsible for providing for the education of youth held in lawful custody in the facility;
(c) the educational program and personnel necessary to provide instruction at the facility. The district and the detention facility shall follow the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. 1400, et seq., in making educational placement decisions for youth with disabilities.
(d) the amount of funding to be contributed by the facility and the school district toward payment of the cost of establishing, operating, and maintaining the educational program."
Section 5. Section 41-5-1804, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1804. Regional detention facilities. (1) Two or more counties may, by contract, establish and maintain a regional detention facility.
(2) For the purpose of establishing and maintaining a regional detention facility, a county may:
(a) issue general obligation bonds for the acquisition, purchase, construction, renovation, and maintenance of a regional detention facility;
(b) levy and appropriate taxes, as permitted by law, to pay its share of the cost of equipping, operating, and maintaining the facility; and
(c) exercise all powers, under the limitations prescribed by law, necessary and convenient to carry out the purposes of 41-5-1803 and this section.
(3) Contracts authorized under subsection (1) must be made pursuant to the Interlocal Cooperation Act, Title 7, chapter 11, part 1.
(4) Contracts between counties participating in a regional detention facility must:
(a) specify the responsibilities of each county participating in the agreement;
(b) designate responsibility for operation of the regional detention facility;
(c) specify the amount of funding to be contributed by each county toward payment of the cost of establishing, operating, and maintaining the regional detention facility, including the necessary expenditures for the transportation of youth to and from the facility but excluding the education costs funded by a school district pursuant to 41-5-1807;
(d) include the applicable per diem charge for the detention of
youths youth in the facility, as well as the basis for any
adjustment in the charge; and
(e) specify the number of beds to be reserved for the use of each county participating in the regional detention facility; and
(f) provide an educational program for youth held in the detention facility and in need of that service."
Section 6. Section 41-5-1807, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1807. Responsibility for payment of detention costs. (1) Absent a contract or agreement between counties and except as provided in subsection (2), all costs for the detention of a youth in a county or regional detention facility, including medical costs incurred by the youth during detention, must be paid by the county at whose instance the youth is detained.
(2) A detention facility providing an educational program for youth held in lawful custody at the facility is eligible to receive education funding calculated as follows:
(a) Before the end of each fiscal year, the facility shall compile the following information by school district:
(i) the number of youth detained in the facility over 9 consecutive days during the prior year; and
(ii) the total number of days the youth in subsection (2)(a)(i) were detained.
(b) The facility shall calculate the school district's obligation for educational services by multiplying the number of youth detained and the total number of days detained as provided in subsection (2) by $20 a day for each youth. The calculation must be sent to the school district no later than June 30. The school district shall transmit the amount calculated to the county treasurer of the county where the facility is located no later than July 15.
(c) The funds are to be used by the county for educational services provided by certified personnel in the detention facility located in the county and is subject to the requirements of Title 7, chapter 6, part 23."
Section 7. Codification instruction. [Section 1] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 20, chapter 9, and the provisions of Title 20, chapter 9, apply to [section 1].
Section 8. Effective date. [This act] is effective on passage and approval.
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