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SENATE BILL NO. 250
INTRODUCED BY S. BARTLETT
BY REQUEST OF THE SENATE JUDICIARY STANDING COMMITTEE
A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT ELIMINATING THE EXTENDED JURISDICTION PROSECUTION ACT FOR MINORS; ELIMINATING PROVISIONS AUTHORIZING THE TRANSFER OF SUPERVISORY RESPONSIBILITY OF A MINOR AFTER DISPOSITION; AMENDING SECTIONS 41-5-203, 41-5-205, 41-5-206, 41-5-1402, AND 41-5-1503, MCA; AND REPEALING SECTIONS 41-5-208, 41-5-1601, 41-5-1602, 41-5-1603, 41-5-1604, 41-5-1605, 41-5-1606, AND 41-5-1607, MCA."
WHEREAS, the Montana Supreme Court held the provisions of the Extended Jurisdiction Prosecution Act unconstitutional in In the Matter of S.L.M., a Youth, 287 Mont. 23, 951 P.2d 1365, 54 St. Rep. 1480 (1997).
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 41-5-203, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-203. Jurisdiction of court. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2) and for cases filed in the district court under 41-5-206, the court has exclusive original jurisdiction of all proceedings under the Montana Youth Court Act in which a youth is alleged to be a delinquent youth, a youth in need of intervention, or a youth in need of care or concerning any person under 21 years of age charged with having violated any law of the state or any ordinance of a city or town other than a traffic or fish and game law prior to having become 18 years of age.
(2) Justice, municipal, and city courts have concurrent jurisdiction with the youth court over all alcoholic beverage, tobacco products, and gambling violations alleged to have been committed by a youth.
(3) The court has jurisdiction to
: (a) transfer a youth court case to the district court after notice and hearing ; and (b) with respect to extended jurisdiction juvenile cases: (i) designate a proceeding as an extended jurisdiction juvenile prosecution; (ii) conduct a hearing, receive admissions, and impose upon a youth who is adjudicated as an extended jurisdiction juvenile a
sentence that may extend beyond the youth's age of majority; (iii) stay that portion of an extended jurisdiction sentence that is extended beyond a youth's majority, subject to the performance of
the juvenile portion of the sentence; (iv) continue, modify, or revoke the stay after notice and hearing; (v) after revocation, transfer execution of the stayed sentence to the department; (vi) transfer supervision of any juvenile sentence if, after notice and hearing, the court determines by a preponderance of the
evidence that the juvenile has violated or failed to perform the juvenile portion of an extended jurisdiction sentence; and (vii) transfer a juvenile case to district court after notice and hearing."
Section 2. Section 41-5-205, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-205. Retention of jurisdiction -- termination. (1) The court may dismiss a petition or otherwise terminate jurisdiction on
its own motion or on the motion or petition of any interested party at any time. Unless terminated by the court and except as provided
subsections subsection (2) and (3), the jurisdiction of the court continues until the individual becomes 21 years of age.
(2) Court jurisdiction terminates when:
(a) the proceedings are transferred to district court under 41-5-208 or an information is filed concerning the offense in district court pursuant to 41-5-206; or
(b) the youth is discharged by the department
; or (c) execution of a sentence is ordered under 41-5-1605(2)(b)(iii) and the supervisory responsibilities are transferred to the district
court under 41-5-1605. (3) The jurisdiction of the court over an extended jurisdiction juvenile, with respect to the offense for which the youth was
convicted as an extended jurisdiction juvenile, extends until the offender becomes 25 years of age unless the court terminates
jurisdiction before that date."
Section 3. Section 41-5-206, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-206. Filing in district court prior to formal proceedings in youth court. (1) The county attorney may, in the county attorney's discretion, file with the district court a motion for leave to file an information in the district court if:
(a) the youth charged was 12 years of age or older at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act would if it had been committed by an adult constitute:
(i) sexual intercourse without consent as defined in 45-5-503;
(ii) deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-102;
(iii) mitigated deliberate homicide as defined in 45-5-103; or
(iv) the attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of or accountability, as provided in 45-2-301, for either deliberate or mitigated deliberate homicide; or
(b) the youth charged was 16 years of age or older at the time of the conduct alleged to be unlawful and the unlawful act is one or more of the following:
(i) negligent homicide as defined in 45-5-104;
(ii) arson as defined in 45-6-103;
(iii) aggravated or felony assault as defined in 45-5-202;
(iv) robbery as defined in 45-5-401;
(v) burglary or aggravated burglary as defined in 45-6-204;
(vi) aggravated kidnapping as defined in 45-5-303;
(vii) possession of explosives as defined in 45-8-335;
(viii) criminal sale of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-101;
(ix) criminal production or manufacture of dangerous drugs as defined in 45-9-110;
(x) attempt, as defined in 45-4-103, of or accountability, as provided in 45-2-301, for any of the acts enumerated in subsections
(xi) use of threat to coerce criminal street gang membership or use of violence to coerce criminal street gang membership, as defined in 45-8-403.
(2) The county attorney shall file with the district court a petition for leave to file an information in district court if the youth was 17 years of age at the time the youth committed an offense listed under subsection (1).
(3) The district court shall grant leave to file the information if the court finds that there is probable cause to believe that the youth has committed the alleged offense and that, considering the seriousness of the offense and in the interests of community protection, the case should be filed in the district court.
(4) The filing of an information in district court terminates the jurisdiction of the youth court over the youth with respect to the
acts alleged in the information. A youth may not be prosecuted in the district court for a criminal offense originally subject to the
jurisdiction of the youth court unless the case has been filed in the district court as provided in this section.
A case may be transferred
to district court after prosecution as provided in 41-5-208 or 41-5-1605.
(5) An offense not enumerated in subsection (1) that arises during the commission of a crime enumerated in subsection (1) may be:
(a) tried in youth court;
(b) transferred to district court with an offense enumerated in subsection (1) upon motion of the county attorney and order of the district court judge.
(6) If a youth is found guilty in district court of any of the offenses enumerated in subsection (1) and is sentenced to the state prison, the commitment must be to the department of corrections. The department shall confine the youth in whatever institution that it considers proper, including a state youth correctional facility under the procedures of 52-5-111. However, a youth under 16 years of age may not be confined in a state prison facility. During the period of confinement, school-aged youth with disabilities must be provided an education consistent with the requirements of the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. 1400, et seq.
(7) A youth whose case is filed in the district court may not be detained or otherwise placed in a jail or other adult detention facility before final disposition of the youth's case unless:
(a) alternative facilities do not provide adequate security; and
(b) the youth is kept in an area that provides physical separation as well as sight and sound separation from adults accused or convicted of criminal offenses."
Section 4. Section 41-5-1402, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1402. Petition -- form and content.
(1) A petition initiating proceedings under this chapter must be signed by the county
attorney, must be entitled "In the Matter of...., a youth", and must set forth with specificity: (a)(1) the facts necessary to invoke the jurisdiction of the court, together with a statement alleging the youth to be a delinquent
youth or a youth in need of intervention; (b)(2) the charge of an offense, that must: (i)(a) state the name of the offense; (ii)(b) cite in customary form the statute, rule, or other provisions of law that the youth is alleged to have violated; (iii)(c) state the facts constituting the offense in ordinary and concise language and in a manner that enables a person of common
understanding to know what is intended; and (iv)(d) state the time and place of the offense as definitely as possible; (c)(3) the name, birth date, and residence address of the youth; (d)(4) the names and residence addresses of the parents, guardian, or spouse of the youth and, if the parents, guardian, or spouse
do not reside or cannot be found within the state or if there is none, the adult relative residing nearest to the court; (e)(5) whether the youth is in detention, a youth assessment center, or shelter care and, if so, the place of detention, assessment, or
shelter care and the time that the youth was detained or sheltered; (f)(6) if any of the matters required to be set forth by this section are not known, a statement of those matters and the fact that they
are not known; and (g)(7) a list of witnesses to be used in proving the commission of the offense or offenses charged in the petition, together with
their residence addresses. The names and addresses of any witnesses discovered after the filing of the petition must be furnished to
the youth upon request. (2) When a county attorney files a delinquency petition alleging that a youth committed an offense that would be a felony if
committed by an adult and that is transferable under 41-5-206 or in which a youth 12 years of age or older allegedly used a firearm,
the county attorney shall indicate in the petition whether the county attorney designates the proceeding an extended jurisdiction
juvenile prosecution. When the county attorney files a delinquency petition alleging that a youth committed any other offense that
would be a felony if committed by an adult, the county attorney may request that the court designate the proceeding an extended
jurisdiction juvenile prosecution."
Section 5. Section 41-5-1503, MCA, is amended to read:
"41-5-1503. Medical or psychological evaluation of youth. (1) The youth court may order a youth to receive a medical or psychological evaluation at any time prior to final disposition if the youth waives the youth's constitutional rights in the manner provided for in 41-5-331. The county determined by the court as the residence of the youth is responsible for the cost of the evaluation, except as provided in subsection (2). A county may contract with the department or other public or private agencies to obtain evaluation services ordered by the court.
(2) The youth court shall determine the financial ability of the youth's parents or guardians to pay the cost of an evaluation ordered by the court under subsection (1). If they are financially able, the court shall order the youth's parents or guardians to pay all or part of the cost of the evaluation.
(3) Subject to 41-5-1512(15)(a), the youth court may not order an evaluation or placement of a youth at a state youth correctional facility unless the youth is found to be a delinquent youth or is alleged to have committed an offense that is listed under 41-5-206.
(4) An evaluation of a youth may not be performed at the Montana state hospital unless
the youth is transferred to the district
court under 41-5-208 or 41-5-1605 or the jurisdiction of the youth court is terminated following the filing of an information in district
court pursuant to 41-5-206."
NEW SECTION. Section 6. Repealer. Sections 41-5-208, 41-5-1601, 41-5-1602, 41-5-1603, 41-5-1604, 41-5-1605, 41-5-1606, and 41-5-1607, MCA, are repealed.
NEW SECTION. Section 7. Coordination. If LC 513 is passed and approved, then [this act] is void.
- END -
Latest Version of SB 250 (SB0250.01)
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