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SENATE BILL NO. 252
INTRODUCED BY L. GROSFIELD
A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT REPEALING THE EXISTING AIR QUALITY PRECONSTRUCTION PERMIT APPLICATION FEE AND IMPOSING A NEW FEE; PLACING OTHER EXISTING FEES IN STATUTE; AMENDING SECTIONS 75-2-103, 75-2-211, 75-2-218, 75-2-221, AND 75-2-301, MCA; REPEALING SECTION 75-2-220, MCA; PROVIDING A CONTINGENT VOIDNESS PROVISION; AND PROVIDING EFFECTIVE DATES."
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Section 75-2-103, MCA, is amended to read:
"75-2-103. Definitions. Unless the context requires otherwise, in this chapter, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Advisory council" means the air pollution control advisory council provided for in 2-15-2106.
(2) "Air contaminant" means dust, fumes, mist, smoke, other particulate matter, vapor, gas, odorous substances, or any combination thereof.
(3) "Air pollutants" means one or more air contaminants that are present in the outdoor atmosphere, including those pollutants regulated pursuant to section 7412 and Subchapter V of the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 7401, et seq.
(4) "Air pollution" means the presence of air pollutants in a quantity and for a duration that are or tend to be injurious to human health or welfare, animal or plant life, or property or that would unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life, property, or the conduct of business.
(5) "Board" means the board of environmental review provided for in 2-15-3502.
(6) (a) "Commercial hazardous waste incinerator" means:
(i) an incinerator that burns hazardous waste; or
(ii) a boiler or industrial furnace subject to the provisions of 75-10-406.
(b) Commercial hazardous waste incinerator does not include a research and development facility that receives federal or state research funds and that burns hazardous waste primarily to test and evaluate waste treatment remediation technologies.
(7) "Department" means the department of environmental quality provided for in 2-15-3501.
(8) "Emission" means a release into the outdoor atmosphere of air contaminants.
(9) "Environmental protection law" means a law contained in or an administrative rule adopted pursuant to Title 75, chapter 2, 5, 10, or 11.
(10) "Hazardous waste" means:
(a) a substance defined as hazardous under 75-10-403 or defined as hazardous in department administrative rules adopted pursuant to Title 75, chapter 10, part 4; or
(b) a waste containing 2 parts or more per million of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB).
(11) (a) "Incinerator" means any single- or multiple-chambered combustion device that burns combustible material, alone or with a supplemental fuel or with catalytic combustion assistance, primarily for the purpose of removal, destruction, disposal, or volume reduction of any portion of the input material.
(b) Incinerator does not include:
(i) safety flares used to combust or dispose of hazardous or toxic gases at industrial facilities, such as refineries, gas sweetening plants, oil and gas wells, sulfur recovery plants, or elemental phosphorus plants;
(ii) space heaters that burn used oil;
(iii) wood-fired boilers; or
(iv) wood waste burners, such as tepee, wigwam, truncated cone, or silo burners.
(12) "Medical waste" means any waste that is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals, in medical research on humans or animals, or in the production or testing of biologicals. The term includes:
(a) cultures and stocks of infectious agents;
(b) human pathological wastes;
(c) waste human blood or products of human blood;
(e) contaminated animal carcasses, body parts, and bedding that were known to have been exposed to infectious agents during research;
(f) laboratory wastes and wastes from autopsy or surgery that were in contact with infectious agents; and
(g) biological waste and discarded material contaminated with blood, excretion, exudates, or secretions from humans or animals.
(13) "Particulate matter" means any material, except water in uncombined form, that is or has been airborne and that exists as a liquid or solid at standard conditions determined as part of a test method approved by the department.
(13)(14) "Person" means an individual, a partnership, a firm, an association, a municipality, a public or private corporation, the
state or a subdivision or agency of the state, a trust, an estate, an interstate body, the federal government or an agency of the federal
government, or any other legal entity and includes persons resident in Canada.
(15) "PM-10" means particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to a nominal 10 micrometers as measured by a reference method approved by the department.
(14)(16) "Principal" means a principal of a corporation, including but not limited to a partner, associate, officer, parent
corporation, or subsidiary corporation. (15)(17) "Small business stationary source" means a stationary source that:
(a) is owned or operated by a person who employs 100 or fewer individuals;
(b) is a small business concern as defined in the Small Business Act, 15 U.S.C. 631, et seq.;
(c) is not a major stationary source as defined in Subchapter V of the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 7661, et seq.;
(d) emits less than 50 tons
per a year of an air pollutant;
(e) emits less than a total of 75 tons
per a year of all air pollutants combined; and
(f) is not excluded from this definition under 75-2-108(3).
(16)(18) (a) "Solid waste" means all putrescible and nonputrescible solid, semisolid, liquid, or gaseous wastes, including but not
limited to garbage; rubbish; refuse; ashes; swill; food wastes; commercial or industrial wastes; medical waste; sludge from sewage
treatment plants, water supply treatment plants, or air pollution control facilities; construction, demolition, or salvage wastes; dead
animals, dead animal parts, offal, animal droppings, or litter; discarded home and industrial appliances; automobile bodies, tires,
interiors, or parts thereof; wood products or wood byproducts and inert materials; styrofoam and other plastics; rubber materials;
asphalt shingles; tarpaper; electrical equipment, transformers, or insulated wire; oil or petroleum products or oil or petroleum
products and inert materials; treated lumber and timbers; and pathogenic or infectious waste.
(b) Solid waste does not include municipal sewage, industrial wastewater effluents, mining wastes regulated under the mining and
reclamation laws administered by the department
of environmental quality, or slash and forest debris regulated under laws
administered by the department of natural resources and conservation."
NEW SECTION. Section 2. Fees. (1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3), an applicant for a permit under 75-2-211 shall submit to the department a fee of $500 to cover the reasonable costs, direct and indirect, of developing and administering the permit application requirements in 75-2-211.
(2) (a) Concurrently with the submittal of an application for a permit under 75-2-211 to conduct open burning that will emit more than 500 tons each calendar year of carbon monoxide or 50 tons each calendar year of any other air pollutant, the applicant shall submit to the department a fee determined in accordance with subsection (2)(b).
(b) If the applicant did not previously conduct open burning pursuant to an air quality open burning permit, the fee is $250. If the applicant previously conducted open burning pursuant to an air quality open burning permit, the fee must be based on the actual or estimated actual amount of air pollutants emitted from open burning by the applicant in the last calendar year during which the applicant conducted open burning pursuant to the permit. The fee is the greater of:
(i) the total of:
(A) the number of tons of total particulate matter emitted in the appropriate calendar year multiplied by $11.25; and
(B) the number of tons of oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds emitted in the appropriate calendar year multiplied by $2.81; or
(c) The department may accept payment of all or a portion of a fee due under subsection (2)(b) in in-kind contributions.
(3) (a) Except as provided in subsection (3)(b), concurrently with the submittal of an application for a permit under 75-2-211 to conduct open burning that will emit not more than 500 tons each calendar year of carbon monoxide and not more than 50 tons each calendar year of any other air pollutant, the applicant shall submit to the department a fee of $100.
(b) A fee is not required for open burning of untreated wood waste at a licensed landfill site.
(4) (a) Except as provided in subsections (4)(b) and (4)(c), as a condition to continued operation, each source of air contaminants holding a permit under this part and each source of air contaminants that will be required to obtain a permit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 7661a must pay an annual operating fee of $367.88 plus $14.15 for each ton of PM-10, sulfur dioxide, lead, oxides of nitrogen, and volatile organic compounds emitted during the previous calendar year.
(b) If the amounts of the contaminants listed in subsection (4)(a) actually emitted during the previous year are not known, the department may estimate these amounts and base the fee on the estimates.
(c) The total fee may not be more than $200,000 for each permit.
(5) The fees assessed pursuant to this section must be used to cover the reasonable costs, both direct and indirect, of the following:
(a) reviewing and acting upon the application;
(b) implementing and enforcing the terms and conditions of the permit. This amount does not include any court costs or other costs associated with an enforcement action. If the permit is not issued, the department shall return this portion of the fee to the applicant.
(c) emissions and ambient monitoring;
(d) preparing generally applicable regulations or guidance;
(e) modeling, analysis, and demonstrations;
(f) preparing inventories and tracking emissions;
(g) providing support to sources under the small business stationary source technical and environmental compliance assistance program; and
(h) all other costs required to be recovered pursuant to Subchapter V of the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 7661, et seq.
(6) (a) If the applicant or permitholder fails to pay a fee required under subsection (4) within 90 days after the due date of the fee, the department may:
(i) impose an additional fee of 15% of the fee, plus interest on the required fee computed at the rate contained in 15-31-510; or
(ii) revoke the permit consistent with those procedures established under this chapter for permit revocation.
(b) Within 1 year of revocation, the department may reissue the revoked permit after the applicant or permitholder has paid all outstanding fees, including all penalties and interest provided for under this subsection (6). In reissuing the revoked permit, the department may modify the terms and conditions of the permit as necessary to account for changes in air quality occurring since revocation.
(c) The board shall by rule provide for the implementation of this subsection (6), including criteria for imposition of the sanctions described in this subsection (6).
(7) The board may by rule allow the reduction of a fee required under subsection (4) for an operating permit or permit renewal to account for the financial resources of a category of small business stationary sources.
(8) (a) The department shall give written notice of the fee to be assessed and the basis for the department's fee assessment under this section to the owner or operator of the source of air contaminants. The owner or operator may appeal the department's fee assessment to the board within 20 days after receipt of the written notice.
(b) An appeal must be based upon the allegation that the fee assessment is erroneous or, if the assessment is of a fee under subsections (2) or (4), that the fee is excessive.
(c) If any part of the fee assessment is not appealed, it must be paid to the department upon receipt of the notice.
(d) The contested case provisions of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act, Title 2, chapter 4, part 6, apply to a hearing before the board under this subsection (8).
(9) For purposes of this section, "source of air contaminants" means all air contaminant emission points, including fugitive emissions, located on a property or on contiguous or adjacent properties that are under common control or ownership.
Section 3. Section 75-2-211, MCA, is amended to read:
"75-2-211. Permits for construction, installation, alteration, or use. (1) The board shall by rule provide for the issuance, modification, suspension, revocation, and renewal of a permit issued under this part.
(2) Not later than 180 days before construction, installation, or alteration begins or as a condition of use of any machine, equipment, device, or facility that the board finds may directly or indirectly cause or contribute to air pollution or that is intended primarily to prevent or control the emission of air pollutants, the owner or operator shall file with the department the appropriate permit application on forms available from the department.
(3) The permit program administered by the department pursuant to this section must include the following:
(a) requirements and procedures for permit applications, including standard application forms;
(b) requirements and procedures for submittal of information necessary to determine the location, quantity, and type of emissions;
(c) procedures for public notice and opportunity for comment or public hearing, as appropriate;
(d) procedures for providing notice and an opportunity for comment to contiguous states and federal agencies, as appropriate;
(e) requirements for inspection, monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting;
(f) procedures for the transfer of permits;
(g) requirements and procedures for suspension, modification, and revocation of permits by the department;
(h) requirements and procedures for appropriate emission limitations and other requirements, including enforceable measures necessary to ensure compliance with those limitations and requirements;
(i) requirements and procedures for permit modification and amendment; and
(j) requirements and procedures for issuing a single permit authorizing emissions from similar operations at multiple temporary locations, which permit may include conditions necessary to ensure compliance with the requirements of this chapter at all authorized locations and a requirement that the owner or operator notify the department in advance of each change in location.
(4) This section does not restrict the board's authority to adopt regulations providing for a single air quality permit system.
(5) The department may, for good cause shown, waive or shorten the time required for filing the appropriate applications.
(6) The department shall require that applications for permits be accompanied by any plans, specifications, and other information that it considers necessary.
(7) An application is not considered filed until the applicant has submitted all fees required under
75-2-220 [section 2] and all
information and completed application forms required pursuant to subsections (2), (3), and (6) of this section. If the department fails
to notify the applicant in writing within 30 days after the purported filing of an application that the application is incomplete and fails
to list the reasons why the application is considered incomplete, the application is considered filed as of the date of the purported
(8) (a) If an application for a permit requires the preparation of an environmental impact statement under the Montana Environmental Policy Act, Title 75, chapter 1, parts 1 through 3, the department shall notify the applicant in writing of the approval or denial of the application within:
(i) 180 days after the department's receipt of a filed application, as provided in subsection (7), if the department prepares the environmental impact statement;
(ii) 30 days after issuance of the final environmental impact statement by the lead agency if a state agency other than the department has been designated by the governor as lead agency for preparation of the environmental impact statement; or
(iii) if the application is for a machine, equipment, a device, or a facility at an operation that requires a permit under Title 82, chapter 4, part 1, 2, or 3, 30 days of issuance of the final environmental impact statement in accordance with time requirements of Title 82, chapter 4, part 1, 2, or 3.
(b) If an application does not require the preparation of an environmental impact statement, the department shall notify the applicant in writing within 60 days after its receipt of a filed application, as provided in subsection (7), of its approval or denial of the application. The time for notification may be extended for 30 days by written agreement of the department and the applicant. Additional 30-day extensions may be granted by the department on request of the applicant. Notification of approval or denial may be served personally or by certified mail on the applicant or the applicant's agent.
(c) If an application for a permit is for the construction, installation, alteration, or use of a source that is also required to obtain a license pursuant to 75-10-221 or a permit pursuant to 75-10-406, the department shall act on the permit application within the time period provided for in 75-2-215(3)(e).
by of the department to act in a timely manner does not constitute approval or denial of the application. This does not
limit or abridge the right of any person to seek available judicial remedies to require the department to act in a timely manner.
(9) When the department approves or denies the application for a permit under this section, a person who is jointly or severally adversely affected by the department's decision may request a hearing before the board. The request for hearing must be filed within 15 days after the department renders its decision and must include an affidavit setting forth the grounds for the request. The contested case provisions of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act, Title 2, chapter 4, part 6, apply to a hearing before the board under this subsection.
(10) The department's decision on the application is not final unless 15 days have elapsed from the date of the decision and there is no request for a hearing under this section. The filing of a request for a hearing postpones the effective date of the department's decision until the conclusion of the hearing and issuance of a final decision by the board."
Section 4. Section 75-2-218, MCA, is amended to read:
"75-2-218. Permits for operation -- application completeness -- action by department -- application shield -- review by
board. (1) An application for an operating permit or renewal is not considered filed until the department has determined that it is
complete. An application is complete if all fees required under
75-2-220 [section 2] and all information and completed application
forms required under 75-2-217 have been submitted. A complete application must contain all of the information required for the
department to begin processing the application. If the department fails to notify the applicant in writing within 60 days after submittal
of an application that the application is incomplete and fails to list the reasons why the application is considered incomplete, the
application is considered filed on the date of the department's receipt of the application. The department may request additional
information after a completeness determination has been made. The department shall adopt rules that contain criteria for use in
determining both when an application is complete and when additional information is required after a completeness determination
has been made.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (3), the department shall, consistent with the procedures established under 75-2-217, approve or disapprove a complete application for an operating permit or renewal and shall issue or deny the permit or renewal within 18 months after the date of filing. Failure of the department to act in a timely manner does not constitute approval or denial of the application. This does not limit or abridge the right of any person to seek available judicial remedies to require the department to act in a timely manner.
(3) The board may by rule provide for a transition schedule for both the submittal to the department of initial applications for operating permits by existing sources and action by the department on these initial permit applications. The board may require that one-third of all operating permit applications required for existing sources be submitted within the first calendar year after the adoption of rules implementing an operating permit program under 75-2-217. Any transition schedule for action by the department must ensure that all permit applications required under 75-2-217 and this subsection for existing sources will be acted upon by the department before November 15, 1997.
(4) If an applicant submits a timely and complete application for an operating permit, the applicant's failure to hold a valid operating permit is not a violation of 75-2-217. If an applicant submits a timely and complete application for an operating permit renewal, the expiration of the applicant's existing operating permit is not a violation of 75-2-217. The applicant shall continue to be subject to the terms and conditions of the expired operating permit until the operating permit is renewed and is subject to the application of 75-2-217. The applicant is not entitled to the protection of this subsection if the delay in final action by the department on the application results from the applicant's failure to submit in a timely manner information requested by the department to process the application.
(5) Except as provided in subsection (8), if the department approves or denies an application for an operating permit or the renewal, modification, or amendment of a permit under 75-2-217 and this section, any person that participated in the public comment process required under 75-2-217(7) may request a hearing before the board. The request for hearing must be filed within 30 days after the department renders its decision and must include an affidavit setting forth the grounds for the request. The contested case provisions of the Montana Administrative Procedure Act, Title 2, chapter 4, part 6, apply to a hearing before the board under this subsection.
(6) Except as provided in subsection (8), the department's decision on any application is not final until 30 days have elapsed from the date of the decision and there is no request for a hearing under this section. The filing of a request for hearing postpones the effective date of the department's decision until the conclusion of the hearing and issuance of a final decision by the board.
(7) The requirements of subsections (5) and (6) apply to any action initiated by the department to suspend, revoke, modify, or amend an operating permit issued under this section.
(8) The denial by the department of an application under 75-2-217 and this section is not subject to review by the board or judicial review if the basis for denial is the written objection of the appropriate federal agency acting pursuant to the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 7401, et seq.
(9) Compliance with an operating permit granted or renewed under 75-2-217 and this section is considered to be in compliance with the requirements of this chapter only if the permit expressly includes those requirements or an express determination that those requirements are not applicable. This subsection does not apply to general permits provided for under 75-2-217."
Section 5. Section 75-2-221, MCA, is amended to read:
"75-2-221. Deposit of air quality permitting fees. (1) All money collected by the department pursuant to
75-2-220 [section 2]
must be deposited in an account in the state special revenue fund to be appropriated by the legislature to the department for the
development and administration of the permitting requirements of this chapter.
(2) The operating permit fees and the construction permit fees must be maintained in separate accounts within the state special revenue fund.
(3) Upon request, the expenditure by the department of funds in these accounts may be audited by a qualified auditor at the end of each fiscal year. The cost of the audit must be borne by the person requesting the audit."
Section 6. Section 75-2-301, MCA, is amended to read:
"75-2-301. Local air pollution control programs. (1) After public hearing, a municipality or county may establish and administer a local air pollution control program if the program is consistent with this chapter and is approved by the board.
(2) If a local air pollution control program established by a county encompasses all or part of a municipality, the county and each municipality shall approve the program in accordance with subsection (1).
(3) (a) Except as provided in subsection (4), the board by order may approve a local air pollution control program that:
(i) provides by ordinance or local law for requirements compatible with, more stringent than, or more extensive than those imposed by 75-2-203, 75-2-204, 75-2-211, 75-2-212, 75-2-215, 75-2-217 through 75-2-219, and 75-2-402 and rules adopted under these sections;
(ii) provides for the enforcement of requirements established under subsection (3)(a)(i) by appropriate administrative and judicial processes; and
(iii) provides for administrative organization, staff, financial resources, and other resources necessary to effectively and efficiently
carry out the program. As part of meeting these requirements, a local air pollution control program may administer the permit fee
75-2-220 [section 2]. The permit fees collected by a local air pollution control program must be deposited in a county
special revenue fund to be used by the local air pollution control program for administration of permitting activities.
(b) Board approval of an ordinance or local law that is more stringent than the comparable state law is subject to the provisions of 75-2-207.
(4) Except for those emergency powers provided for in 75-2-402, the board may not delegate to a local air pollution control program the authority to control any air pollutant source that:
(a) requires the preparation of an environmental impact statement in accordance with Title 75, chapter 1, part 2;
(b) is subject to regulation under the Montana Major Facility Siting Act, as provided in Title 75, chapter 20; or
(c) has the potential to emit 250 tons a year or more of any pollutant subject to regulation under this chapter, including fugitive emissions, unless the authority to control the source was delegated to a local air pollution control program prior to January 1, 1991.
(5) If the board finds that the location, character, or extent of particular concentrations of population, air pollutant sources, or geographic, topographic, or meteorological considerations or any combination of these make impracticable the maintenance of appropriate levels of air quality without an areawide air pollution control program, the board may determine the boundaries within which the program is necessary and require it as the only acceptable alternative to direct state administration.
(6) If the board has reason to believe that any part of an air pollution control program in force under this section is either inadequate to prevent and control air pollution in the jurisdiction to which the program relates or is being administered in a manner inconsistent with this chapter, the board shall, on notice, conduct a hearing on the matter.
(7) If, after the hearing, the board determines that any part of the program is inadequate to prevent and control air pollution in the jurisdiction to which it relates or that it is not accomplishing the purposes of this chapter, it shall require that necessary corrective measures be taken within a reasonable time, not to exceed 60 days.
(8) If the jurisdiction fails to take these measures within the time required, the department shall administer within that jurisdiction all of the provisions of this chapter, including the terms contained in any applicable board order, that are necessary to correct the deficiencies found by the board. The department's control program supersedes all municipal or county air pollution laws, rules, ordinances, and requirements in the affected jurisdiction. The cost of the department's action is a charge on the jurisdiction.
(9) If the board finds that the control of a particular air pollutant source because of its complexity or magnitude is beyond the reasonable capability of the local jurisdiction or may be more efficiently and economically performed at the state level, it may direct the department to assume and retain control over that air pollutant source. A charge may not be assessed against the jurisdiction. Findings made under this subsection may be either on the basis of the nature of the sources involved or on the basis of their relationship to the size of the communities in which they are located.
(10) A jurisdiction in which the department administers all or part of its air pollution control program under subsection (8) may, with the approval of the board, establish or resume an air pollution control program that meets the requirements of subsection (3).
(11) A municipality or county may administer all or part of its air pollution control program in cooperation with one or more municipalities or counties of this state or of other states."
NEW SECTION. Section 7. Repealer. Section 75-2-220, MCA, is repealed.
NEW SECTION. Section 8. Codification instruction. (1) Sections 75-2-103, 75-2-211, 75-2-218, 75-2-221, and 75-2-301 are to be renumbered and codified as an integral part of Title 75, chapter 2, part 2, and the provisions of Title 75, chapter 2, part 2, apply to those sections.
(2) [Section 2] is intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 75, chapter 2, part 2, and the provisions of Title 75, chapter 2, part 2, apply to [section 2].
NEW SECTION. Section 9. Contingent voidness -- coordination. (1) If Constitutional Initiative No. 75, enacting Article VIII, section 17, of the Montana constitution, is declared invalid, then [this act] is void.
(2) If [LC 978] is passed and approved and if the tax increase proposed in [LC 978] is approved by the electorate, then [section 2(4)] of [this act] is void.
(3) If the new tax imposed in [LC 977] is disapproved by the electorate, then [this act] is void.
(4) If [LC 977] is approved by the electorate, then [section 1 of LC 977] is intended to be codified as an integral part of [section 2] of [this act].
NEW SECTION. Section 10. Effective dates. (1) [Sections 7 through 9 and this section] are effective on passage and approval.
(2) [Sections 1 through 6] are effective July 1, 1999.
- END -
Latest Version of SB 252 (SB0252.01)
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