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SENATE BILL NO. 501
INTRODUCED BY J. HERTEL
AN ACT CREATING A MAUSOLEUM-COLUMBARIUM ACT PROVIDING FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT AND REGULATION OF NONPROFIT MAUSOLEUM-COLUMBARIUM AUTHORITIES IN THIS STATE.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
Section 1. Short title. [Sections 1 through 27] may be cited as the "Mausoleum-Columbarium Act".
Section 2. Definitions. For the purposes of [sections 1 through 27], the following definitions apply:
(1) "Columbarium" means a structure, room, or other space in a permanent building or outdoor structure containing niches for permanent inurnment of cremated remains in a place used or intended to be used and dedicated for interment purposes.
(2) "Cremated remains" means all human remains recovered after the completion of cremation, including pulverization, that leaves only bone fragments that have been reduced to unidentifiable dimensions.
(3) "Crypt" or "vault" means a space in a mausoleum of sufficient size used or intended to be used to entomb uncremated human remains.
(4) "Directors" means the board of directors, board of trustees, or other governing body of a mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(5) "Entombment" means the placement of human remains in a crypt or vault.
(6) "Human remains" or "remains" means the body of a deceased person and includes the body in any stage of decomposition .
(7) "Interment" means the disposition of human remains by cremation and inurnment or entombment in a place used or intended to be used and dedicated for interment purposes.
(8) "Interment space" means any space in a crypt, vault, or niche of sufficient size for the entombment or inurnment of the remains of one human being.
(9) "Inurnment" means placing cremated remains in an urn or other permanent container and placing it in a niche.
(10) "Mausoleum" means a permanent building or outdoor structure suitable for the entombment of human remains in crypts or vaults in a place used or intended to be used and dedicated for interment purposes.
(11) "Mausoleum-columbarium" means a building or structure containing both a mausoleum and a columbarium.
(12) "Mausoleum-columbarium authority" means any corporation, not for profit, owning, controlling, or operating lands, buildings, or structures used or intended to be used and dedicated for interment purposes by entombment or inurnment but does not refer to any corporation, for profit or not for profit, or any association, corporation sole, or other person owning or controlling cemetery lands or property, including mausoleums or columbariums where interment is also made by ground burial.
(13) "Niche" means a space in a columbarium or urn garden used or intended to be used for inurnment of cremated human remains.
(14) "Plot" or "interment plot" means space in a mausoleum or columbarium used or intended to be used for the interment of human remains. The terms include one or more than one adjoining crypts or vaults or one or more than one adjoining niches.
(15) "Plot owner" or "owner" means a person who is on record as owner of an interment in the office of a mausoleum-columbarium authority.
Section 3. Exemptions and limitations on applicability. (1) The provisions of [sections 1 through 27] relating to private, nonprofit mausoleums and columbariums do not apply to any of the following:
(a) a religious corporation, church, religious society or denomination, or corporation sole administering temporalities of any church or religious society or denomination or any cemetery, mausoleum, or columbarium organized, controlled, and operated by a religious corporation, church, religious society or denomination, or corporation sole; or
(b) any county, town, or city cemetery, mausoleum, or columbarium.
(2) The provisions of [sections 1 through 27] do not affect the corporate existence or rights or powers of any cemetery corporation organized under the laws of this state in which a mausoleum or columbarium is situated, maintained, or operated in conjunction with a cemetery for the burial of dead human remains by ground interment. [Sections 1 through 27] apply only to mausoleums or columbariums owned, operated, or controlled by a nonprofit mausoleum-columbarium authority organized and governed as provided in [sections 1 through 27] and owning, operating, or controlling lands, buildings, and structures solely for the entombment and inurnment of human remains.
Section 4. Incorporation required to transact business. It is unlawful to engage in the business of a mausoleum-columbarium authority in this state except as an organized nonprofit corporation.
Section 5. General powers. (1) A mausoleum-columbarium authority has the same powers granted by law to nonprofit corporations in general, including the power to acquire property by purchase, donation, or devise.
(2) The powers, duties, and privileges conferred and imposed on a mausoleum-columbarium authority under the laws of this state are enlarged as each particular case may require to conform to the provisions of [sections 1 through 27].
(3) A nonprofit corporation organized under the laws of this state and authorized by its articles of incorporation to do so may as a mausoleum-columbarium authority establish, maintain, manage, operate, or improve a mausoleum or columbarium.
(4) A mausoleum-columbarium authority may:
(a) adopt, amend, add to, revise, or modify and enforce rules for the use, care, control, management, restriction, and protection of all or any part of its mausoleum or columbarium;
(b) restrict and limit the use of all property within its mausoleum or columbarium;
(c) regulate the uniformity, class, and kind of all markers, monuments, and other structures within the mausoleum-columbarium;
(d) regulate or prohibit the erection of monuments, markers, effigies, and structures within any portion of the mausoleum-columbarium grounds;
(e) regulate or prevent the introduction or care of plants or shrubs within the mausoleum-columbarium grounds;
(f) prevent interment in any part of the mausoleum or columbarium of human remains not entitled to interment and prevent the use of interment plots for purposes violative of its restrictions or rules;
(g) regulate the conduct of persons and prevent improper assemblages in the mausoleum-columbarium or on the grounds; and
(h) make and enforce rules for all other purposes considered necessary by the mausoleum-columbarium authority for the proper conduct of the business of the mausoleum or columbarium, for the transfer of any plot or the right of interment, and for the protection and safeguarding of the premises and the principles, plans, and ideals on which the mausoleum or columbarium is conducted.
(5) Rules adopted pursuant to this section must be subject to inspection in the office of the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
Section 6. Disposition of remains -- liability. (1) The right to control the disposition of the remains of a deceased person, unless other directions have been given by the decedent, vests in, and the duty of interment and the liability for the reasonable cost of interment of the remains devolves upon, the following in the order named:
(a) a spouse;
(b) a majority of adult children;
(c) a parent;
(d) a close relative of the decedent; or
(e) in the absence of a person listed in subsections (3)(a) through (3)(d), a personal representative, a public administrator, the deceased through a preneed authorization, or others as designated by the board of funeral service by rule.
(2) The liability for the reasonable cost of interment devolves jointly and severally upon all kin of the decedent listed in subsection (1) in the same degree of kindred and upon the estate of the decedent.
(3) A person signing an authorization for the interment of any remains warrants the truthfulness of any fact set forth in the authorization, the identity of the person whose remains are sought to be interred, and the person's authority to order the interment. The person signing the authorization is personally liable for all damage occasioned by or resulting from breach of the warranty.
(4) The mausoleum-columbarium authority may inter any remains upon the receipt of a written authorization of a person representing to be a person who has acquired the right to control the disposition of the remains. A mausoleum-columbarium authority is not liable for interring pursuant to the authorization unless it has actual notice that presentation is untrue.
Section 7. Limitations on actions -- exemptions from liability. An action may not lie against any mausoleum-columbarium authority relating to the remains of a person that have been left in its possession for a period of 2 years unless a written contract has been entered into with the mausoleum-columbarium authority for care of the remains or unless permanent interment has been made. This section may not be construed as an extension of the existing statute prescribing the period within which an action based upon a tort must be commenced. A licensed mortician or funeral director is not liable in damages for any cremated human remains after the remains have been deposited with a mausoleum-columbarium authority in Montana.
Section 8. Removal of remains -- when removal excepted. (1) The remains of a deceased person may be removed from a plot in a mausoleum or columbarium with the consent of the mausoleum-columbarium authority and the written consent of one of the following in the order named:
(a) a spouse;
(b) a majority of adult children;
(c) a parent;
(d) the surviving brothers or sisters of the decedent;
(e) a close relative of the decedent; or
(f) in the absence of a person listed in subsections (1)(a) through (1)(e), a personal representative, a public administrator, the decedent through a preneed authorization, or others designated by the board of funeral service by rule.
(2) If the required consent cannot be obtained, permission by the district court in the county where the mausoleum or columbarium is situated is sufficient if the permission does not violate the terms of a written contract or rules of the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(3) Notice of application to the court for the permission provided for in subsection (2) must be given at least 15 days prior to a hearing on the application to the mausoleum-columbarium authority and to persons listed in subsections (1)(a) through (1)(e) not consenting and to other persons on whom service of notice may be required by the court.
Section 9. Map or plat -- filing -- tax exemption. (1) Each mausoleum-columbarium authority, from time to time as its property may be required for interment purposes, shall prepare a map or plat that delineates the sections, halls, rooms, corridors, elevations, outdoor mausoleums, urn gardens, and other divisions with descriptive names or numbers.
(2) The mausoleum-columbarium authority shall file the map or plat in the office of the clerk and recorder of the county in which all or a portion of the property is situated. The mausoleum-columbarium authority shall also file for record in the county clerk's office a written declaration of dedication of the property delineated on the map or plat dedicating the property exclusively to interment purposes.
(3) Upon the filing of the map or plat and the filing of the declaration for record, the dedication is complete for all purposes. After filing, the property and all mausoleums and columbariums constructed on and burial plots located in the property must be held, occupied, and used exclusively for interment purposes and are exempt from all state, county, and municipal taxes to the same extent as cemetery property intended to be used for the burial of the human dead by ground interment.
(4) Any part or subdivision of the property mapped and plotted may, by order of the directors, be resurveyed and altered in shape and size and an amended map or plat filed, so long as the change does not disturb the interred remains of any deceased person.
Section 10. Effect of dedication. (1) The filed map or plat and the recorded declaration are constructive notice to all persons of the dedication of the property to interment purposes.
(2) After property is dedicated to interment purposes, neither the dedication nor the title of a plot owner may be affected by the dissolution of the mausoleum-columbarium authority, by nonuse on its part, by alienation of the property, by any encumbrances, by sale under execution, or otherwise, except as provided in [sections 1 through 27].
(3) Dedication to interment purposes pursuant to this section is not invalid as violating any laws against perpetuities or the suspension of the power of alienation of title to or use of property but is expressly permitted and must be considered to be in respect for the dead, a provision for the interment of human remains, and a duty to and for the benefit of the general public.
(4) After dedication and as long as the property remains dedicated to interment purposes, a railroad, street, road, alley, pipeline, pole line, or other public thoroughfare utility may not be laid out through, over, or across any part of the property without the consent of the mausoleum-columbarium authority owning and operating the property or of not less than two-thirds of the owners of interment plots within the property.
Section 11. Removal of dedication by court. (1) Property dedicated to interment purposes must be held and used exclusively for interment purposes, unless and until the dedication is removed from all or any part of the property by an order and decree of the district court in the county in which the property is situated in a proceeding brought by the mausoleum-columbarium authority for that purpose and upon notice of hearing and proof satisfactory to the court:
(a) that interments were not made in or that all interments have been removed from that portion of the property from which dedication is sought to be removed; and
(b) that the portion of the property from which dedication is sought to be removed is not being used for interment of human remains.
(2) The notice of hearing must be given by publication once a week for at least 3 consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the mausoleum or columbarium is located and by posting copies of the notice in three conspicuous places on that portion of the property from which the dedication is to be removed.
(3) The notice must:
(a) describe the portion of the mausoleum or columbarium property sought to be removed from dedication;
(b) state that all remains have been removed or that interments have not been made in the portion of the mausoleum or columbarium property sought to be removed from dedication; and
(c) specify the time and place of the hearing.
Section 12. Sale of interment plots. (1) After filing the map or plat and recording the declaration of dedication, a mausoleum-columbarium authority may sell and convey interment plots, subject to the rules then in effect or adopted by the mausoleum-columbarium authority and subject to other limitations, conditions, and restrictions that may be inserted in or made a part of the declaration of dedication by reference or included in the instrument of conveyance of an interment plot.
(2) All conveyances made by a mausoleum-columbarium authority must be signed by an officer or officers as are authorized by the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(3) All plots, the use of which has been conveyed by deed or certificate of ownership as a separate plot, are indivisible except with the consent of the mausoleum-columbarium authority or as provided by law.
Section 13. Resale of plots for profit -- commissions -- penalties. (1) It is unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to sell or offer to sell a mausoleum-columbarium plot upon the promise, representation, or inducement of resale at a financial profit.
(2) It is unlawful for a mausoleum-columbarium authority to pay or offer to pay to any person, firm, or corporation, directly or indirectly, a commission, bonus, rebate, or other thing of value for the sale of a plot or services. This subsection does not apply to a person regularly employed by the mausoleum-columbarium authority or to any bona fide agent of the mausoleum-columbarium authority previously appointed for that purpose.
(3) A person who violates a provision of this section or who pays or causes to be paid or offers to pay to any other person, firm, or corporation, directly or indirectly, except as provided in subsection (2), any commission, bonus, rebate, or other thing of value in consideration of recommending or causing a dead human body to be disposed of in any mausoleum or columbarium is guilty of a misdemeanor, and each violation constitutes a separate offense.
Section 14. Property interests in plot -- inheritance tax. (1) All plots conveyed to individuals are presumed to be the sole and separate property of the owner named in the instrument of conveyance.
(2) The spouse of an owner of a plot containing more than one interment space has a vested right to be interred in the plot, and a person becoming the spouse of the plot owner has a vested right to be interred in the plot if an interment space not subject to the vested right of interment for previous spouses is unoccupied at the time that the person becomes the spouse of the owner.
(3) A conveyance or other action of the owner without the written consent or joinder of the spouse of the owner may not divest the spouse of a vested right of interment, except that a final decree of dissolution of marriage between the owner and the spouse terminates the vested right of interment unless otherwise provided in the decree.
(4) If an interment is not made in a plot that has been transferred by deed or certificate of ownership to an individual owner or if all remains previously interred in the plot are lawfully removed, the plot descends upon the death of the owner to the owner's heirs-at-law, subject to the rights of interment of the decedent and the owner's surviving spouse unless the owner has disposed of the plot either in a will by a specific devise or by a written declaration filed and recorded in the office of the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(5) Mausoleum or columbarium property passing to an individual by reason of the death of the owner is exempt from all inheritance taxes.
Section 15. Family plots. (1) Whenever the remains of the record owner or of a member of the owner's family or of a relative of a member of the owner's family have been interred in a plot transferred by deed or certificate of ownership to an individual owner and the owner has died without making disposition of the plot either in a will by a specific devise or by a written declaration filed and recorded in the office of the mausoleum-columbarium authority, the plot becomes inalienable and must be held as the family plot of the owner.
(2) In a family plot, one crypt or one niche or interment space in the family plot may be used for the owner's interment and one for the owner's surviving spouse, if any, who by law has a vested right of interment in it. Of those crypts, niches, or spaces remaining, if any, the parents and children of the deceased owner in order of death may be interred without the consent of any person claiming an interest in the plot.
(3) If a parent or child is not surviving, the right of interment goes in the order of death first to the spouse of any child of the record owner and second in the order of death to the next heirs-at-law of the owner or the spouse of any heir-at-law.
(4) A surviving spouse, parent, child, or heir having a right of interment in a family plot may waive the right in favor of any other relative or spouse of a relative of the deceased owner, and upon the waiver, the remains of the person in whose favor the waiver is made may be interred in the plot.
Section 16. Termination of right of interment -- limitation on right. (1) A vested right of interment is terminated upon interment elsewhere of the person with the vested right.
(2) A vested right of interment does not give to any person the right to have the person's remains interred in any interment space in which the remains of any deceased person having a prior vested right of interment have been interred or the right to have the remains of more than one deceased person interred in a single interment space in violation of the rules of the mausoleum-columbarium authority controlling the operation of the mausoleum or columbarium in which the interment space is located.
Section 17. Conveyance to mausoleum-columbarium authority by plot owner. A mausoleum-columbarium authority may take and hold any plot conveyed or devised to it by the plot owner so that it will be inalienable, and interments must be restricted to the persons designated in the conveyance or devise.
Section 18. Joint tenants. (1) In a conveyance to two or more persons as joint tenants, each joint tenant has a vested right of interment in the plot conveyed.
(2) Upon the death of a joint tenant, the title to the plot held in joint tenancy immediately vests in the survivors, subject to the vested right of interment of the remains of the deceased joint tenant.
(3) An affidavit by any person having knowledge of the facts setting forth the fact of the death of one joint tenant and establishing the identity of the surviving joint tenants named in the deed to any plot, when filed with the mausoleum-columbarium authority operating the mausoleum-columbarium in which the plot is located, is a complete authorization to the mausoleum-columbarium authority to permit the use of the unoccupied portion of the plot in accordance with the directions of the surviving joint tenants or their successors in interest.
Section 19. Co-owners -- mausoleum-columbarium authority liability. (1) When there are several owners of a plot or of rights of interment in the plot, the owners may designate one or more persons to represent the plot and file written notice of the designation with the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(2) In the absence of a notice provided for in subsection (1) or a written objection to an interment, the mausoleum-columbarium authority is not liable to any owner for interring or permitting an interment in the plot upon the request or direction of any co-owner of the plot.
Section 20. Records. (1) A record must be kept of the ownership of all plots in the mausoleum and columbarium that have been conveyed by the mausoleum-columbarium authority and of all transfers of plots. The transfer of any plot or any right of interment is not complete or effective until recorded on the books of the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(2) The mausoleum-columbarium authority in charge of any mausoleum or columbarium in which interments are made shall keep a record of all remains, including cremated remains, interred on the premises under its charge, in each case stating the name of each deceased person, date of interment, and name and address of the funeral director.
(3) The records required under this section must be open to inspection during the customary office hours of the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
Section 21. Endowment care fund -- investment of funds -- use of income -- permissible investment securities. (1) A mausoleum-columbarium authority may place its mausoleum or columbarium under endowment care and establish, maintain, and operate an irreducible endowment care fund.
(2) Endowment care and special care funds may be commingled for investment, and the income from the funds must be divided between the endowment care and special care funds in the proportion that each fund contributed to the principal sum invested. The funds may be held in the name of the mausoleum-columbarium authority or its directors or in the name of the trustees appointed by the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(3) The principal of all funds for endowment care must forever remain irreducible and inviolable and must be maintained separate and distinct from all other funds.
(4) The principal of all funds for endowment care must be invested, from time to time reinvested, and kept invested, and the income earned must be used solely for the general care, maintenance, and embellishment of the mausoleum or columbarium, or both, and the grounds on which they are situated and must be applied in a manner that the mausoleum-columbarium authority may from time to time determine to be for the best interests of the mausoleum-columbarium.
(5) The endowment care funds must be invested, reinvested, and kept invested in securities that are legal investments for public employees' retirement funds under the laws of the state of Montana.
Section 22. Plans for general care and endowment care. (1) The mausoleum-columbarium authority may from time to time adopt plans for the general care, maintenance, and embellishment of its mausoleum-columbarium and charge and collect from all subsequent purchasers of plots reasonable sums as, in the judgment of the mausoleum-columbarium authority, will aggregate a fund, the reasonable income from which will provide reasonable care, maintenance, and embellishment.
(2) Upon payment of the purchase price and the amount fixed as a proportionate contribution for endowment care, there may be included in the deed of conveyance or in a separate instrument an agreement to care, in accordance with the plan adopted, for the mausoleum or columbarium and its appurtenances to the proportionate extent that the income received by the mausoleum-columbarium authority from the contribution will permit.
(3) Upon the application of the owner of any plot and upon the payment by the owner of the amount fixed as a reasonable and proportionate contribution for endowment care, a mausoleum-columbarium authority may enter into an agreement with the owner for the care of the owner's plot and its appurtenances.
Section 23. Fund trustees -- compensation -- annual financial report. (1) The mausoleum-columbarium authority may appoint a board of trustees, of not less than five members, for its endowment care fund. The members of the board of trustees shall hold office subject to the discretion of the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(2) The directors of a mausoleum-columbarium authority may be constituted as the trustees of its endowment care fund. When the fund is in the care of the directors as a board of trustees, the secretary of the mausoleum-columbarium authority shall act as secretary of the board of trustees and keep a true record of all of its proceedings. The investments of the endowment care fund may be held in the name of the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
(3) In lieu of the appointment of a board of trustees of its endowment care fund, a mausoleum-columbarium authority may appoint as sole trustee of its endowment care fund any bank or trust company qualified to engage in the trust business in the state of Montana, and the bank or trust company is authorized to receive and accept the fund and all accretions to the fund, including any accumulated endowment care fund in existence at the time of the bank's or trust company's appointment.
(4) A sum in excess of 5% of the income derived from the fund in any year may not be paid as compensation to the board of trustees for its services as trustee, provided that if 5% of the income divided by the number of trustees is less than $100, each trustee is entitled to receive a minimum of $100 a year for serving as a trustee.
(5) The mausoleum-columbarium authority or the persons in whose names the endowment care funds are held shall, annually and within 90 days after the end of the calendar or fiscal year of the mausoleum-columbarium authority, make and file with the district court in the county in which the mausoleum-columbarium is located a true and correct written report, verified on oath by an officer of the mausoleum-columbarium authority or by the oath of one or more of the trustees, showing the actual financial condition of the endowment care fund.
Section 24. Endowment care fund gifts and contributions. (1) (a) A mausoleum-columbarium authority that has established an endowment care fund may take, receive, and hold as a part of or incident to the fund any property, real, personal, or mixed, bequeathed, devised, granted, given, or otherwise contributed to it for its endowment care fund.
(b) A mausoleum-columbarium authority that has established endowment care may also take and hold any property bequeathed, granted, or given to it in trust to apply the principal or proceeds or income to any of the following purposes:
(i) improvement or embellishment of all or any part of the mausoleum or columbarium or any plot in it;
(ii) planting or cultivation of trees, shrubs, or plants in or around any part of the grounds on which the mausoleum-columbarium is situated;
(iii) special care or ornamenting of any part of any plot, section, corridor, or other portion of the mausoleum-columbarium;
(iv) any purpose or use not inconsistent with the purpose for which the mausoleum-columbarium was established or is maintained.
(2) The endowment care fund and all payments or contributions to it are expressly permitted as and for charitable and eleemosynary purposes. Endowment care is a provision for the discharge of a duty from the persons contributing to the persons interred and to be interred in the mausoleum-columbarium and a provision for the benefit and protection of the public by preserving and keeping mausoleum-columbariums from becoming unkept and places of reproach and desolation in the communities in which they are situated.
(3) A payment, gift, grant, bequest, or other contribution for general endowment care is not invalid by reason of any indefiniteness or uncertainty of the persons designated as beneficiaries in the instruments creating the trust, and the fund or any contribution to it is not invalid as violating any law against perpetuities or the suspension of the power of alienation of title to property.
Section 25. Signs required for nonendowment and endowment care -- penalties. (1) A nonendowment care mausoleum-columbarium is one that does not deposit in an endowment care fund.
(2) Each mausoleum-columbarium authority operating an endowment care mausoleum or columbarium shall post in a conspicuous place in its office or offices where sales are conducted and in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance of the mausoleum or columbarium or its administration building and readily accessible to the public a legible sign with the following phrase: "This is an endowment care property".
(3) Each mausoleum-columbarium authority operating a nonendowment care mausoleum or columbarium shall post in a conspicuous place in its office or offices where sales are conducted and in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance of the mausoleum or columbarium or its administration building and readily accessible to the public a legible sign with the following phrase: "This is not an endowment care property". This phrase likewise must be printed or stamped at the beginning of all contracts, certificates of ownership, or deeds.
(4) Any corporation or its agents or representatives who violate any of the provisions of this section or make any false statement appearing on a sign, contract, agreement, receipt, statement, literature, or other publication are guilty of a misdemeanor.
Section 26. Annual report of endowment care mausoleum-columbarium. (1) Each mausoleum-columbarium authority operating an endowment care mausoleum or columbarium shall file in its principal office a written report that must be available to any plot owner and that must contain, as of the close of its last fiscal year:
(a) the amount of principal of the endowment care fund; and
(b) the total amount invested in bonds, securities, or other investments authorized by law and the total amount of cash on hand not invested, which must actually show the financial condition of the trust.
(2) All of the information appearing on the report filed in the mausoleum-columbarium authority office must be revised annually and verified by the president and secretary or two officers authorized by the mausoleum-columbarium authority.
Section 27. Director, officer, or trustee loans -- penalties. (1) A director or officer of the mausoleum-columbarium authority or trustee of the endowment care or special care fund may not borrow any endowment care or special care funds of the corporation, directly or indirectly.
(2) A director, officer, or trustee authorizing or consenting to a loan and the person who receives a loan in violation of this section are severally guilty of a misdemeanor.
Section 28. Codification instruction. [Sections 1 through 27] are intended to be codified as an integral part of Title 35, and the provisions of Title 35 apply to [sections 1 through 27].
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