Montana State Legislature

HJ 40: Judicial Standards Commission Study and Audit Request

Study Background: The Montana Constitution provides for the removal and discipline of judges and requires that the Legislature create a Judicial Standards Commission. In the laws governing the commission, the Legislature provides authority to the Legislative Auditor "to determine whether [the commission] is efficiently and effectively processing complaints against judicial officers in the state," and gives the auditor the right to access otherwise confidential materials related to the commission. In 2021, the Legislature considered several bills related to the removal and discipline of judges and the Judicial Standards Commission.

HJ 40, sponsored by Rep. Bill Mercer, requested an interim committee study the history, structure, and methods of the Judicial Standards Commission, including methods used in other states. It also requested that the Legislative Audit Committee (LAC) prioritize a performance audit of the commission. The resolution noted that the Legislature had not yet conducted an interim study of the Judicial Standards Commission but would benefit from the suggested two-pronged review approach of an audit and study.

Documents generated by the LJIC's 2021-2022 study of the Judicial Standards Commission are available on this page. To view committee meetings in the 2021-2022 interim, click on the Meeting Minutes tab on the home page. 

HJ 40 Text

Final Study Materials

August 2022 Materials

May 2022 Materials

September 2021 Materials

Commission Reports to the Legislature Since 2000

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