Montana State Legislature

Montana Consumer Counsel

The Montana Consumer Counsel represents statewide consumer interests regarding utility and transportation issues in hearings before the Public Service Commission, as well as the state and federal courts and administrative agencies. The Montana Consumer Counsel is part of the Legislative Branch and is overseen by the Legislative Consumer Committee. The Counsel is provided for by Article XIII, Section 2 of the Montana Constitution, and is governed by Title 5, Chapter 15 and Title 69, Chapters 1 and 2, MCA.

The Consumer Counsel represents Montana consumers in:

Utility and transportation proceedings before the Public Service Commission,

Proceedings before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Federal Communications Commission, and other federal administrative agencies, and

Applicable state and federal court proceedings.

The Montana Consumer Counsel provides these services through one program and the use of outside consulting services to bring expertise for regulatory issues as they arise.

The Consumer Counsel is a single-program agency, no organization chart is provided.

This report includes a series of charts that compare expenditure growth to the growth in the economy and growth in inflation adjusted for population. Montana statute, 17-8-106, MCA, recommends using growth in personal income for comparison purposes. Personal income is a measure for growth in the economy. Comparing growth allows financial planners to consider past and future demands in services or changes in revenues.

In general, all funds growth in total expenditures for the Consumer Counsel has been lower than the rate of inflation adjusted for population. The increases and decreases of expenditures are primarily related to changes in contracted services and the use of caseload contingency funding.

The following list discusses in more detail the inflection points on the charts:

  1. The Consumer Counsel’s caseloads are determined by utility filings with the Public Service Commission and budgeted using historic averages. To provide for unanticipated increases in utility filings the legislature has provided appropriations for caseload contingencies. In FY 2004 the Consumer Counsel expended $219,000 of the caseload contingency costs associated with the North Western Energy bankruptcy, telecommunications dockets in areas such as provider designation, service funding, and access charge structure;
  2. HB 2 for the 2011 biennium included a reduction to operating expenses of $375,000 each year for contracted services.


As reflected in the chart above, the Consumer Counsel is not appropriated general fund.


The annual growth rate for state special revenue between FY 2002 and FY 2019 was 1.3%. The Montana Consumer Counsel is funded by state special revenue generated by fees imposed on all regulated entities under the jurisdiction of the Public Service Commission. The funding formula is specified in 69-1-223, MCA. Each year the Department of Revenue determines the total gross operating revenue generated by all regulated activities within the state for the previous fiscal year. The Department of Revenue then computes the percentage tax necessary to yield an amount equal to the current appropriation, with no excess funds. If collection of excess revenue occurs, the amount charged to the regulated utilities for the following year is reduced.

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Agency profile information provided by the Legislative Fiscal Division.

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