50-5-233. Designation of critical access hospitals -- adoption of rules. (1) The department may designate as a critical access hospital a facility that:
(i) located more than 35 road miles or, in the case of a facility located in mountainous terrain or where only secondary roads exist, more than 15 road miles from a hospital or another critical access hospital; or
(ii) a necessary provider of health care services to residents of the area where the facility is located;
(b) provides 24-hour emergency care that is necessary for ensuring access to emergency care services in the area served by the facility;
(c) complies with the bed limitations adopted by rule, not to exceed the number specified in 42 U.S.C. 1395i-4(c)(2)(B), (c)(2)(E), and (f);
(d) provides inpatient acute care for a period not exceeding 96 hours, as determined on an average, annual basis for each patient;
(e) complies with the staffing requirements of 42 U.S.C. 1395i-4(c)(2)(B)(iv); and
(f) operates a quality assessment and performance improvement program and follows appropriate procedures for review of utilization of services as specified in 42 U.S.C. 1395x(aa)(2)(I).
(2) The department shall adopt rules to implement this section, including the following:
(a) standards for determining whether the facility qualifies as a necessary provider pursuant to subsection (1)(a)(ii);
(b) standards for determining whether the 24-hour emergency care provided is necessary to ensure that the area served by the facility has adequate access to emergency care services;
(c) procedures for applying for and receiving designation as a critical access hospital; and
(d) designation of the maximum number of beds allowed pursuant to subsection (1)(c) and consistent with federal law.