10-3-114. Confiscation of firearm by government prohibited -- private right of action -- costs and expenses. (1) Following a declaration of an emergency or disaster pursuant to this chapter, a peace officer or other person acting or purporting to act on behalf of the state or a political subdivision of the state may not take a confiscation action.
(2) After a violation of subsection (1) has occurred, the party injured by a confiscation action may bring an action for damages in a court having jurisdiction.
(3) A party awarded damages pursuant to this section must also be awarded the party's costs and expenses in bringing the action, including reasonable attorney fees.
(4) (a) As used in this section, "confiscation action" means the intentional deprivation by a person in Montana of a privately owned firearm.
(b) The term does not include the taking of a firearm from a person:
(i) in self-defense;
(ii) possessing a firearm while the person is committing a felony or misdemeanor; or
(iii) who may not lawfully possess the firearm because of a prior criminal conviction.