15-30-2320. Credit for alternative fuel motor vehicle conversion. (1) (a) Except as provided in subsection (1)(b), an individual, a corporation, a partnership, or a small business corporation as defined in 15-30-3301 is allowed a tax credit against taxes imposed by 15-30-2103 or 15-31-101 for equipment and labor costs incurred to convert a motor vehicle licensed in Montana to operate on alternative fuel.
(b) A seller of alternative fuel may not receive a credit for converting its own vehicles to the alternative fuel that it sells.
(2) The maximum credit a taxpayer may claim in a year under this section is an amount equal to 50% of the equipment and labor costs incurred but the credit may not exceed:
(a) $500 for conversion of a motor vehicle with a gross weight of 10,000 pounds or less; or
(b) $1,000 for conversion of a motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight over 10,000 pounds.
(3) For the purposes of this section, "alternative fuel" means:
(a) natural gas;
(b) liquefied petroleum gas;
(c) liquefied natural gas;
(e) electricity; or
(f) any other fuel if at least 85% of the fuel is methanol, ethanol or other alcohol, ether, or any combination of them.
(4) (a) The credit allowed under this section may not exceed the taxpayer's income tax liability.
(b) There is no carryback or carryforward of the credit permitted under this section, and the credit must be applied in the year the conversion is made, as determined by the taxpayer's accounting method.