19-2-504. Investment of pension trust funds. (1) Except as provided in chapter 3, part 21, of this title, the pension trust funds of the retirement systems must be invested by the state board of investments as part of the unified investment program described in Title 17, chapter 6, part 2.
(2) All income earned on any assets constituting a part of the pension trust funds must be paid into the appropriate pension trust funds as received.
(3) The pension trust funds and the defined contribution retirement plan's long-term disability plan trust fund provided for in 19-3-2141 may be commingled for investment purposes, to the extent permitted by Montana law and as permitted under I.R.S. Revenue Ruling 81-100,1981-1 Cumulative Bulletin 326, I.R.S. Revenue Ruling 2004-67, 2004-2 Cumulative Bulletin 28, I.R.S. Revenue Ruling 2011-1, 2011-2 Internal Revenue Bulletin 251, and I.R.S. Revenue Ruling 2014-24, 2014-37 Internal Revenue Bulletin 529 if:
(a) the trust funds are operated or maintained exclusively for the commingling and collective investment of money; and
(b) the trust funds in the group trust consist exclusively of trust assets held under retirement systems or plans qualified under one or more of the following:
(i) section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 401(a);
(ii) individual retirement accounts that are exempt under section 408(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 408(e);
(iii) eligible governmental plans that meet the requirements of section 457(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 457(b); and
(iv) governmental plans under section 401(a)(24) of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 401(a)(24).
(4) For purposes of subsection (3), a trust includes a custodial account that is treated as a trust under section 401(f) or 457(g)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, 26 U.S.C. 401(f) or 457(g)(3).
(5) The board shall adopt any collective or common group trust to which assets of the retirement systems or plans are transferred for investment pursuant to subsection (3) as part of the respective retirement systems or plans by executing appropriate participation agreements, adoption agreements, or trust agreements with the group trust's trustee.
(6) The separate accounts maintained by the group trust for retirement systems or plans pursuant to subsection (7) may not be used for or diverted to any purpose other than for the exclusive benefit of the members and beneficiaries of those retirement systems or plans.
(7) For purposes of valuation, separate accounts must be maintained for each system or plan, and the value of the separate account maintained by the group trust for the system or plan must be the fair market value of the portion of the group trust held for the system or plan, determined in accordance with generally recognized valuation procedures.