Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 3. Method of Sale of Commodities

Method Of Sale Of Commodities -- Packages -- Declarations Of Quantity And Origin -- Variations -- Exemptions

30-12-302. Method of sale of commodities -- packages -- declarations of quantity and origin -- variations -- exemptions. (1) Except as otherwise provided in parts 1 through 5, a commodity in package form introduced or delivered for introduction into or received in intrastate commerce, kept for the purpose of sale, or offered or exposed for sale in intrastate commerce shall bear on the outside of the package definite, plain, and conspicuous declarations of:

(a) the identity of the commodity in the package unless it can easily be identified through the wrapper or container;

(b) the net quantity of the contents in terms of weight, measure, or count; and

(c) in the case of any package kept, offered, or exposed for sale or sold in any place other than on the premises where packed, the name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor, as may be prescribed by rules adopted by the department.

(2) In connection with the declaration required under subsection (1)(b), neither the qualifying term "when packed" nor words of similar import nor any term qualifying a unit of weight, measure, or count (for example, "jumbo", "giant", "full", and the like) that tends to exaggerate the amount of commodity in a package may be used.

(3) Under subsection (1)(b), the department shall by rule establish:

(a) reasonable variations to be allowed, which may include variations below the declared weight or measure caused by ordinary and customary exposure, only after the commodity is introduced into intrastate commerce, to conditions that normally occur in good distribution practice and that unavoidably result in decreased weight or measure;

(b) exemptions as to small packages; and

(c) exemptions as to commodities put up in variable weights or sizes for sale intact and either customarily not sold as individual units or customarily weighed or measured at time of sale to the consumer.

(4) The marking provisions of this section do not apply to unwrapped loaves of bread or to berries and small fruits sold in conformance with part 4.

History: En. Sec. 19, Ch. 99, L. 1969; amd. Sec. 159, Ch. 431, L. 1975; R.C.M. 1947, 90-171.