Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 4. Operation and Regulation

When Advertising As Bank Prohibited -- Trade Names Restricted

32-1-402. When advertising as bank prohibited -- trade names restricted. (1) Except as provided in subsection (3), a person, domestic or foreign, that is not subject to the supervision of the department and not required by the provisions of this chapter to report to it and that has not received a certificate to do a banking business from the department, may not:

(a) except for a student financial institution, as defined in 32-1-115, advertise that the person is receiving or accepting money or savings for deposit, investment, or otherwise and issuing notes or certificates of deposit; or

(b) advertise a sign at the place where the business is transacted having on it an artificial or corporate name or other words indicating that:

(i) the place or office is the place or office of a bank or trust company;

(ii) deposits are received there or payments made on checks; or

(iii) any other form of banking business is transacted there.

(2) The person, domestic or foreign, may not use any sign, logo, or marketing message, in any media, or use any written, printed, electronic, or internet-based instrument or material representation whatever directly or indirectly indicating that the business of the person is that of a bank, savings bank, or trust or investment company.

(3) (a) A Montana state-chartered bank or an out-of-state state-chartered bank that seeks to transact business under a name or title that contains the word "bank", "banker", "banking", "savings bank", "saving", "trust company", or "investment company" may do so only on the approval of the department. This section does not prohibit the use of the word "bank" in the name or title of any bank holding company registered with the board of governors of the federal reserve system pursuant to 12 U.S.C. 1844.

(b) The department may grant a waiver to allow the use of a restricted word listed in subsection (3)(a) to a nonprofit organization if:

(i) the organization is not acting as a financial institution; and

(ii) the name used is not likely to mislead a reasonable individual into thinking that the organization is acting as a financial institution.

(4) A person, domestic or foreign, violating a provision of this section shall forfeit to the state $100 a day for every day or part of a day during which the violation continues.

(5) On suit by the department, the court may issue an injunction restraining the person during pendency of the action and permanently from further using those words in violation of the provisions of this section or from further transacting business in a manner that leads the public to believe that its business is that of a bank, savings bank, or trust or investment company and may enter any other order or decree as equity and justice require.

History: Ap. p. Sec. 29, Ch. 89, L. 1927; re-en. Sec. 6014.33, R.C.M. 1935; amd. Sec. 14, Ch. 431, L. 1975; amd. Sec. 6, Ch. 71, L. 1977; Sec. 5-508, R.C.M. 1947; Ap. p. Sec. 1, Ch. 217, L. 1977; Sec. 5-508.1, R.C.M. 1947; R.C.M. 1947, 5-508, 5-508.1; amd. Sec. 24, Ch. 395, L. 1993; amd. Sec. 3, Ch. 105, L. 2003; amd. Sec. 4, Ch. 340, L. 2003; amd. Sec. 17, Ch. 123, L. 2013; amd. Sec. 20, Ch. 23, L. 2023.