Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 1. Montana Mortgage Act

Penalties -- Restitution

32-9-133. Penalties -- restitution. (1) If the department finds, after providing a 14-day written notice that includes a statement of alleged violations and a hearing or an opportunity for hearing, as provided in the Montana Administrative Procedure Act, that any person, licensee, service provider, or officer, agent, employee, or representative of the person or licensee, whether licensed or unlicensed, has violated any of the provisions of this part, has failed to comply with the rules, instructions, or orders promulgated by the department, has failed or refused to make required reports to the department, has furnished false information to the department, or has operated without a required license, the department may impose a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for the first violation and not to exceed $10,000 for each subsequent violation.

(2) The department may issue an order:

(a) requiring restitution;

(b) requiring reimbursement of the department's cost in bringing the administrative action; and

(c) revoking, conditioning, or suspending the right of the person or licensee, directly or through a service provider, officer, agent, employee, or representative, to do business in this state as a licensee or to engage in the mortgage broker, mortgage lender, mortgage servicer, or mortgage loan origination business.

(3) Any person who directly or indirectly controls an entity liable under subsection (1), any partner, officer, director, or person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions of the entity, and any person who participates or materially aids in the violation is liable jointly and severally with and to the same extent as the person committing the violation. In addition, each person committing the violation or aiding in the violation is jointly and severally liable if the person committing the violation or aiding in the violation knew or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known of the existence of the facts by reason of which the liability is alleged to exist. There must be contribution between or among the severally liable persons.

(4) The fines must be deposited in the department's account in the state special revenue fund and used to administer the provisions of this part. (See part compiler's comment regarding contingent suspension.)

History: En. Sec. 22, Ch. 516, L. 2003; amd. Sec. 17, Ch. 498, L. 2007; amd. Sec. 32, Ch. 321, L. 2009; amd. Sec. 31, Ch. 317, L. 2011; amd. Sec. 24, Ch. 125, L. 2013; amd. Sec. 9, Ch. 65, L. 2019.