Montana Code Annotated 2021



Part 1. Montana Mortgage Act

Escrow Fund

32-9-145. Escrow fund. (1) An escrow fund authorized for any purpose by a mortgage loan contract is subject to applicable state and federal requirements. Money received from a borrower by a mortgage lender or mortgage servicer licensed under this part must be considered as held in trust immediately upon receipt. The mortgage lender or mortgage servicer shall place escrow funds in a depository institution prior to the end of the third business day following their receipt.

(2) An escrow fund account must be a separate account established to hold only borrowers' funds. The account must be designated and maintained for the benefit of borrowers. Escrow funds may not be commingled with any other funds.

(3) Escrow funds must be kept in the segregated account until disbursement. Money maintained in an escrow fund account is exempt from execution, attachment, or garnishment.

(4) A licensee may not encumber the corpus of an escrow fund account or commingle other operating funds with account funds.

(5) An escrow fund account may be used only for:

(a) a payment authorized by the borrower or the mortgage loan contract or required by federal or state law;

(b) a refund to the borrower;

(c) transfer to a depository institution;

(d) transfer to the appropriate mortgage lender or mortgage servicer in the case of a transfer of servicing;

(e) a purpose authorized by the mortgage loan contract; or

(f) purposes of complying with an order issued by the commissioner or a court.

(6) Accounting for escrow funds must be performed in compliance with the aggregate accounting rules established in regulation X, 24 CFR 3500, and in compliance with 71-1-115. (See part compiler's comment regarding contingent suspension.)

History: En. Sec. 23, Ch. 321, L. 2009; amd. Sec. 32, Ch. 317, L. 2011.