Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 11. Affiliation and Merger -- Holding Company Systems -- Own Risk and Solvency Assessment


33-2-1101. Definitions. As used in this part, the following definitions apply unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) An "affiliate" of or person "affiliated" with a specific person is a person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by or is under common control with the person specified.

(2) "Control", including the terms "controlling", "controlled by", and "under common control with", means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person. This power may be evidenced through the ownership of voting securities, by contract other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, or otherwise, unless the power is the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. Control is presumed to exist if any person directly or indirectly owns, controls, holds with the power to vote, or holds proxies representing 10% or more of the voting securities of any other person. This presumption may be rebutted by a showing made in the manner provided by 33-2-1112 that control does not exist in fact. The commissioner may determine, after furnishing all persons in interest notice and opportunity to be heard and making specific findings of fact to support such determination, that control exists in fact, notwithstanding the absence of a presumption to that effect.

(3) "Enterprise risk" means any activity, circumstance, event, or series of events involving one or more affiliates of an insurer that, if not remedied promptly, is likely to have a material adverse effect on the financial condition or liquidity of the insurer or its insurance holding company system as a whole. The term includes but is not limited to anything that would cause the insurer's risk-based capital to fall into a company action level, as provided in 33-2-1904, or that would cause the insurer to be in hazardous financial condition as determined by the commissioner pursuant to 33-2-1321.

(4) "Groupwide supervisor" means the regulatory official authorized to engage in conducting and coordinating groupwide supervision activities who is determined or acknowledged by the commissioner under 33-2-1140 to have sufficient significant contacts with the internationally active insurance group.

(5) "Group capital calculation instructions" means the group capital calculation instructions as adopted by the NAIC and as amended by the NAIC from time to time in accordance with the procedures adopted by the NAIC.

(6) "Insurance holding company system" means two or more affiliated persons, one or more of which is an insurer.

(7) "Insurer" has the meaning provided in 33-1-201, except that the term does not include agencies, authorities, or instrumentalities of the United States, its possessions and territories, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, or a state or political subdivision of a state.

(8) "Internationally active insurance group" means an insurance holding company system that includes an insurer registered under 33-2-1111 and meets the following criteria:

(a) premiums are written in at least three countries;

(b) the percentage of gross premiums written outside the United States is at least 10% of the insurance holding company system's total gross written premiums; and

(c) based on a 3-year rolling average, the total assets of the insurance holding company system are at least $50 billion or the total gross written premiums of the insurance holding company system are at least $10 billion.

(9) "NAIC" means the national association of insurance commissioners.

(10) "NAIC liquidity stress test framework" means a separate NAIC publication that includes a history of the NAIC's development of regulatory liquidity stress testing, the scope criteria applicable for a specific data year, and the liquidity stress test instructions and reporting templates for a specific data year, the scope criteria, instructions, and reporting template as adopted by the NAIC and as amended by the NAIC from time to time in accordance with the procedures adopted by the NAIC.

(11) (a) "Person" means an individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, an unincorporated organization, any similar entity, or any combination of the foregoing acting in concert.

(b) The term does not include any securities broker performing no more than the usual and customary broker's function.

(12) The "scope criteria", as detailed in the NAIC liquidity stress test framework, are the designated exposure bases along with minimum magnitudes thereof for the specified data year, used to establish a preliminary list of insurers considered scoped into the NAIC liquidity stress test framework for that data year.

(13) A "securityholder" of a specified person is one who owns any security of that person, including common stock, preferred stock, debt obligations, and any other security convertible into or evidencing the right to acquire any of the foregoing.

(14) A "subsidiary" of a specified person is an affiliate controlled by that person directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries.

(15) "Voting security" means any security convertible into or evidencing a right to acquire a voting security.

History: En. Sec. 1, Ch. 64, L. 1971; R.C.M. 1947, 40-5509(part); amd. Sec. 23, Ch. 370, L. 2015; amd. Sec. 1, Ch. 344, L. 2021.