Montana Code Annotated 2019



Part 12. Limit of Risk -- Reinsurance

Limit Of Risk

33-2-1201. Limit of risk. (1) An insurer may not retain any risk on any one subject of insurance, whether located or to be performed in this state or elsewhere, in an amount exceeding 10% of its surplus to policyholders.

(2) A "subject of insurance" for the purposes of this section, as to insurance against fire and hazards other than windstorm, earthquake, or other catastrophe hazards, includes all properties insured by the same insurer which are customarily considered by underwriters to be subject to loss or damage from the same fire or the same occurrence of the other hazard insured against.

(3) Reinsurance ceded as authorized by this part must be deducted in determining risk retained. As to surety risks, deduction must also be made of the amount assumed by any established incorporated cosurety and the value of any security deposited, pledged, or held subject to the surety's consent and for the surety's protection.

(4) As to alien insurers, this section only relates to risks and surplus to policyholders of the insurer's United States branch.

(5) "Surplus to policyholders" for the purposes of this section, in addition to the insurer's capital and surplus, is considered to include any voluntary reserves which are not required pursuant to law and are determined from the last sworn statement of the insurer on file with the commissioner or by the last report of examination of the insurer, whichever is the more recent at time of assumption of risk.

(6) This section does not apply to life or disability insurance, title insurance, insurance of wet marine and transportation risks, workers' compensation insurance, employer's liability coverages, or any policy or type of coverage as to which the maximum possible loss to the insurer is not readily ascertainable on issuance of the policy.

History: En. Sec. 80, Ch. 286, L. 1959; R.C.M. 1947, 40-2909; amd. Sec. 49, Ch. 596, L. 1993; amd. Sec. 27, Ch. 379, L. 1995.