Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 5. Claims and Benefits

Exemption From Execution Of Life Insurance Proceeds

33-15-511. Exemption from execution of life insurance proceeds. (1) If a policy of insurance is effected by any person on the person's own life or on another life in favor of a person other than the applicant or, except in cases of transfer with intent to defraud creditors, if a policy of life insurance is assigned or in any way made payable to any person, the lawful beneficiary or assignee of the policy, other than the insured or the person effecting the insurance or executors or administrators of the insured or the person effecting the insurance, is entitled to its proceeds and avails against the creditors and representatives of the insured and of the person effecting the policy whether or not the right to change the beneficiary is reserved or permitted and whether or not the policy is made payable to the person whose life is insured if the beneficiary or assignee predecease that person. However, subject to the statute of limitations, the amount of any premiums for the insurance paid with intent to defraud creditors with interest on the premiums accrues to the creditor's benefit from the proceeds of the policy, but the insurer issuing the policy must be discharged of all liability by payment of its proceeds in accordance with its terms unless before the payment the insurer received written notice at its home office, by or in behalf of a creditor, of a claim to recover for transfer made or premiums paid with intent to defraud creditors, with specifications of the amount claimed.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a policy must also be considered to be payable to a person other than the insured if and to the extent that a facility-of-payment clause or similar clause in the policy permits the insurer to discharge its obligation after the death of the individual insured by paying the death benefits to a person as permitted by the clause.

History: En. Sec. 291, Ch. 286, L. 1959; R.C.M. 1947, 40-3734; amd. Sec. 1190, Ch. 56, L. 2009.