Montana Code Annotated 2023



Part 9. Restrictions on Use of Genetic Information


33-18-901. Definitions. Unless the context indicates otherwise, the following definitions apply to this part:

(1) "Genetic information" means, unless otherwise provided by Public Law 104-191, information derived from genetic testing or medical evaluation to determine the presence or absence of variations or mutations, including carrier status, in an individual's genetic material or genes that are scientifically or medically believed to cause a disease, disorder, or syndrome or are associated with a statistically increased risk of developing a disease, disorder, or syndrome that is asymptomatic at the time of testing.

(2) "Genetic testing" or "genetic test" means a test used to diagnose a presymptomatic genetic factor, including analysis of human deoxyribonucleic acid or ribonucleic acid, chromosomes, proteins, or metabolites. The term does not include a routine physical examination or a chemical, blood, or urine analysis, unless conducted or analyzed purposefully or knowingly to obtain genetic information, or a family history.

(3) "Genetic trait" means any medically or scientifically identified genetic factor, known or presumed to be present in the individual or a biological relative but not presently associated with any manifestations of the disorder in the individual, that could cause a disorder or be statistically associated with an increased risk of development of a disorder.

(4) "Group policy" includes:

(a) the group insurance program authorized by Title 2, chapter 18, part 7;

(b) the state employee group insurance program required by Title 2, chapter 18, part 8; and

(c) a self-funded multiple employer welfare arrangement that is not regulated pursuant to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. 1001, et seq.

History: En. Sec. 3, Ch. 334, L. 1999.