Montana Code Annotated 2021



Part 13. Viatical Settlements

Terms Of Contract

33-20-1308. Terms of contract. (1) A viatical settlement contract must be in writing. A viatical settlement provider shall establish in the contract the terms under which the viatical settlement provider will pay compensation or anything of value in return for the policyholder's or certificate holder's assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of the death benefit or ownership of the insurance policy or certificate to the viatical settlement provider.

(2) A viatical settlement provider may not use a viatical settlement contract in this state unless the viatical settlement provider has filed the contract form with the commissioner and the commissioner has approved the contract form according to the provisions set forth in 33-1-501. The commissioner shall disapprove a viatical settlement contract form if, in the commissioner's judgment, the contract or any provision of the contract is unreasonable, contrary to the interests of the public, or otherwise misleading or unfair to the policyholder or certificate holder.

(3) Each viatical settlement contract entered into in this state must contain a provision enabling the policyholder or certificate holder to rescind the contract not later than the 30th day after the date on which the contract is executed by all parties or not later than the 15th day after the policyholder or certificate holder receives the viatical settlement proceeds, whichever is the longer period. In order to rescind a contract, a policyholder or certificate holder who has received the proceeds shall return them to the viatical settlement provider or financing entity.

(4) If a viatical settlement provider enters into a viatical settlement that allows the viator to retain an interest in the policy, the viatical settlement contract must contain all of the following provisions:

(a) that the viatical settlement provider shall effect the transfer of the amount of the death benefit only to the extent or portion of the amount viaticated. Benefits in excess of the amount viaticated must be paid directly to the viator's beneficiary by the insurance company.

(b) that the premiums to be paid by the viatical settlement provider and the viator will be apportioned unless the viatical settlement contract specifies that all premiums must be paid by the viatical settlement provider. The contract may also require that the viator reimburse the viatical settlement provider for the premiums attributable to the retained interest.

(c) that the viatical settlement provider shall, upon acknowledgment of the perfection of the transfer, either:

(i) advise the insured in writing that the insurance company has confirmed the viator's interest in the policy; or

(ii) provide the insured with a copy of the instrument provided by the insurance company to the viatical settlement provider that acknowledges the viator's interest in the policy.

History: En. Sec. 8, Ch. 298, L. 1997; amd. Sec. 5, Ch. 272, L. 2009.