33-22-153. Coverage of routine patient costs for participants in cancer clinical trials -- definitions -- limitations. (1) A plan of group or individual health insurance coverage that is delivered, issued for delivery, renewed, extended, or modified in this state may not:
(a) deny participation by a qualified individual in an approved clinical trial;
(b) deny, limit, or impose additional conditions on the coverage of routine patient costs; or
(c) discriminate against an individual on the basis of the individual's participation in an approved clinical trial.
(2) A network plan may require a qualified individual who wishes to participate in an approved clinical trial to participate in a trial that is offered through a provider who is part of the network plan if the provider is participating in the trial and the provider accepts the individual as a participant in the trial.
(3) This section applies to a qualified individual who participates in an approved clinical trial that is conducted outside of Montana.
(4) This section does not require a health insurance issuer offering individual or group health insurance coverage to provide benefits for routine patient costs if the services are provided outside of the network plan offered by the health insurance coverage unless out-of-network benefits are otherwise provided under the coverage.
(5) As used in this section, the following definitions apply:
(a) "Approved clinical trial" means a phase I, phase II, phase III, or phase IV clinical trial that is conducted in relation to the prevention, detection, or treatment of cancer and is not designed exclusively to test toxicity or disease pathophysiology. The trial must be:
(i) conducted under an investigational new drug application reviewed by the United States food and drug administration;
(ii) exempt from obtaining an investigational new drug application; or
(iii) approved or funded by:
(A) the national institutes of health, the centers for disease control and prevention, the agency for healthcare research and quality, the centers for medicare and medicaid services, or a cooperative group or center of any of the entities described in this subsection (5)(a)(iii)(A);
(B) a cooperative group or center of the United States department of defense or the United States department of veterans affairs;
(C) a qualified nongovernmental research entity identified in the guidelines issued by the national institutes for health for center support groups; or
(D) the United States departments of veterans affairs, defense, or energy if the study or investigation has been reviewed and approved through a system of peer review determined by the United States secretary of health and human services to:
(I) be comparable to the system of peer review of studies and investigations used by the national institutes of health; and
(II) provide unbiased scientific review by individuals who have no interest in the outcome of the review.
(b) "Qualified individual" means an individual with health insurance coverage who is eligible to participate in an approved clinical trial according to the trial protocol for the treatment of cancer because:
(i) the referring health care professional is participating in the clinical trial and has concluded that the individual's participation in the trial would be appropriate; or
(ii) the individual provides medical and scientific information establishing that the individual's participation in the clinical trial is appropriate because the individual meets the conditions described in the trial protocol.
(c) (i) "Routine patient costs" include all items and services covered by a plan of individual or group health insurance coverage when the items or services are typically covered for a qualified individual who is not enrolled in an approved clinical trial.
(ii) The term does not include:
(A) an investigational item, device, or service that is part of the trial;
(B) an item or service provided solely to satisfy data collection and analysis needs for the trial if the item or service is not used in the direct clinical management of the patient;
(C) a service that is clearly inconsistent with widely accepted and established standards of care for the individual's diagnosis; or
(D) an item or service customarily provided and paid for by the sponsor of a clinical trial.