Montana Code Annotated 2021



Part 3. Operations

Evidence Of Coverage -- Schedule Of Charges For Health Care Services

33-31-301. Evidence of coverage -- schedule of charges for health care services. (1) Each enrollee residing in this state is entitled to an evidence of coverage. The health maintenance organization shall issue the evidence of coverage, except that if the enrollee obtains coverage through an insurance policy issued by an insurer or a contract issued by a health service corporation, whether by option or otherwise, the insurer or the health service corporation shall issue the evidence of coverage.

(2) A health maintenance organization may not issue or deliver an enrollment form, an evidence of coverage, or an amendment to an approved enrollment form or evidence of coverage to a person in this state before a copy of the enrollment form, the evidence of coverage, or the amendment to the approved enrollment form or evidence of coverage is filed with and approved by the commissioner in accordance with 33-1-501.

(3) An evidence of coverage issued or delivered to a person resident in this state may not contain a provision or statement that is untrue, misleading, or deceptive as defined in 33-31-312(1). The evidence of coverage must contain:

(a) a clear and concise statement, if a contract, or a reasonably complete summary, if a certificate, of:

(i) the health care services and the insurance or other benefits, if any, to which the enrollee is entitled;

(ii) any limitations on the services, kinds of services, or benefits to be provided, including any deductible or copayment feature;

(iii) the location at which and the manner in which information is available as to how services may be obtained;

(iv) the total amount of payment for health care services and the indemnity or service benefits, if any, that the enrollee is obligated to pay with respect to individual contracts; and

(v) a clear and understandable description of the health maintenance organization's method for resolving enrollee complaints;

(b) definitions of geographical service area, emergency care, urgent care, out-of-area services, dependent, and primary provider if these terms or terms of similar meaning are used in the evidence of coverage and have an effect on the benefits covered by the plan. The definition of geographical service area need not be stated in the text of the evidence of coverage if the definition is adequately described in an attachment that is given to each enrollee along with the evidence of coverage.

(c) clear disclosure of each provision that limits benefits or access to service in the exclusions, limitations, and exceptions sections of the evidence of coverage. The exclusions, limitations, and exceptions that must be disclosed include but are not limited to:

(i) emergency and urgent care;

(ii) restrictions on the selection of primary or referral providers;

(iii) restrictions on changing providers during the contract period;

(iv) out-of-pocket costs, including copayments and deductibles;

(v) charges for missed appointments or other administrative sanctions;

(vi) restrictions on access to care if copayments or other charges are not paid; and

(vii) any restrictions on coverage for dependents who do not reside in the service area.

(d) clear disclosure of any benefits for home health care, skilled nursing care, kidney disease treatment, diabetes, maternity benefits for dependent children, alcoholism and other drug abuse, and nervous and mental disorders;

(e) a provision requiring immediate accident and sickness coverage, from and after the moment of birth, to each newborn infant of an enrollee or the enrollee's dependents;

(f) a provision providing coverage as required in 33-22-133;

(g) a provision requiring medical treatment and referral services to appropriate ancillary services for mental illness and for the abuse of or addiction to alcohol or drugs in accordance with the limits and coverage provided in Title 33, chapter 22, part 7; however:

(i) after the primary care physician refers an enrollee for treatment of and appropriate ancillary services for mental illness, alcoholism, or drug addiction, the health maintenance organization may not limit the enrollee to a health maintenance organization provider for the treatment of and appropriate ancillary services for mental illness, alcoholism, or drug addiction;

(ii) if an enrollee chooses a provider other than the health maintenance organization provider for treatment and referral services, the enrollee's designated provider shall limit treatment and services to the scope of the referral in order to receive payment from the health maintenance organization;

(iii) the amount paid by the health maintenance organization to the enrollee's designated provider may not exceed the amount paid by the health maintenance organization to one of its providers for equivalent treatment or services;

(iv) the provisions of this subsection (3)(g) do not apply to services for mental illness provided under the Montana medicaid program as established in Title 53, chapter 6;

(h) a provision requiring coverage for well-child care for children from the moment of birth through at least 7 years of age, including:

(i) a history, a physical examination, developmental assessment and anticipatory guidance, as those terms are defined in 33-22-303, and laboratory tests, according to the schedule of visits adopted under the early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment services program provided for in 53-6-101; and

(ii) routine immunizations according to the schedule recommended by the immunization practices advisory committee of the U.S. department of health and human services;

(i) a provision as follows:

"Conformity With State Statutes: Any provision of this evidence of coverage that on its effective date is in conflict with the statutes of the state in which the insured resides on that date is amended to conform to the minimum requirements of those statutes."

(j) a provision that the health maintenance organization shall issue, without evidence of insurability, to the enrollee, dependents, or family members continuing coverage on the enrollee, dependents, or family members:

(i) if the evidence of coverage or any portion of it on an enrollee, dependents, or family members covered under the evidence of coverage ceases because of termination of employment or termination of membership in the class or classes eligible for coverage under the policy or because the employer discontinues the business or the coverage;

(ii) if the enrollee had been enrolled in the health maintenance organization for a period of 3 months preceding the termination of group coverage; and

(iii) if the enrollee applied for continuing coverage within 31 days after the termination of group coverage. The conversion contract may not exclude, as a preexisting condition, any condition covered by the group contract from which the enrollee converts.

(k) a provision that clearly describes the amount of money an enrollee shall pay to the health maintenance organization to be covered for basic health care services.

(4) A health maintenance organization may amend an enrollment form or an evidence of coverage in a separate document if the separate document is filed with and approved by the commissioner in accordance with 33-1-501 and issued to the enrollee.

(5) (a) A health maintenance organization shall provide the same coverage for newborn infants, required by subsection (3)(e), as it provides for enrollees, except that for newborn infants, there may be no waiting or elimination periods. A health maintenance organization may not assess a deductible or reduce benefits applicable to the coverage for newborn infants unless the deductible or reduction in benefits is consistent with the deductible or reduction in benefits applicable to all covered persons.

(b) A health maintenance organization may not issue or amend an evidence of coverage in this state if it contains any disclaimer, waiver, or other limitation of coverage relative to the accident and sickness coverage or insurability of newborn infants of an enrollee or dependents from and after the moment of birth.

(c) If a health maintenance organization requires payment of a specific fee to provide coverage of a newborn infant beyond 31 days of the date of birth of the infant, the evidence of coverage may contain a provision that requires notification to the health maintenance organization, within 31 days after the date of birth, of the birth of an infant and payment of the required fee.

(6) The provisions of 33-1-501 govern the filing and approval of health maintenance organization forms.

(7) The commissioner may require a health maintenance organization to submit any relevant information considered necessary in determining whether to approve or disapprove a filing made pursuant to this section.

(8) Prior to issuance of evidence of coverage, written informational materials describing the contract's cancer screening coverages must be provided to a potential applicant. The informational materials are not subject to filing with and approval of the insurance commissioner.

History: En. Sec. 8, Ch. 457, L. 1987; amd. Sec. 3, Ch. 590, L. 1995; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 183, L. 1997; amd. Sec. 60, Ch. 472, L. 1999; amd. Sec. 9, Ch. 325, L. 2003; amd. Sec. 2, Ch. 409, L. 2005; amd. Sec. 5, Ch. 390, L. 2007; amd. Sec. 6, Ch. 463, L. 2007.