33-32-309. Expedited review of grievance involving adverse determination. (1) A health insurance issuer shall establish written procedures for the expedited review of urgent care requests of grievances involving an adverse determination.
(2) A health insurance issuer shall provide an expedited review of a grievance involving an adverse determination with respect to a concurrent review of an urgent care request involving an admission, availability of care, continued stay, or health care service for a covered person who has received emergency services but has not been discharged from a facility. The procedures in subsection (1) must also specify the process for the concurrent review of urgent care requests under this subsection (2).
(3) The procedures under this section must provide that a covered person or, if applicable, the covered person's authorized representative may request an expedited review orally, in writing, or electronically.
(4) On receipt of a request for an expedited review, a health insurance issuer shall appoint one or more physicians or health care professionals of the same licensure to review the adverse determination. An appointed physician or health care professional of the same licensure may not have been involved in making the initial adverse determination.
(5) In an expedited review, all necessary information, including the health insurance issuer's decision, must be transmitted between the health insurance issuer and the covered person or, if applicable, the covered person's authorized representative in the most expeditious method available, whether by telephone, facsimile, or other method.
(6) (a) The timeframe for making a decision under an expedited review and notification, as provided in subsection (8), must be as expeditious as the covered person's medical condition requires but may take no more than 72 hours after the receipt of the request for the expedited review.
(b) If the expedited review is of a grievance involving an adverse determination with respect to a concurrent review urgent care request, the health insurance issuer shall continue the health care service or treatment without liability to the covered person until the covered person has been notified of the determination.
(7) For purposes of calculating the timeframe within which a decision is required to be made under subsection (6), the time period within which the decision must be made begins on the date the request is filed with the health insurance issuer in accordance with the health insurance issuer's procedures for filing requests established under 33-32-307 without regard to whether all of the information necessary to make the determination accompanies the filing.
(8) A notification of a decision under this section must be in a manner calculated to be understood by the covered person or, if applicable, the covered person's authorized representative and, if necessary, meet the requirements of subsection (9). The notification must include:
(a) the titles and qualifying credentials of each physician or health care professional of the same licensure participating in the expedited review process;
(b) information sufficient to identify the claim involved with respect to the grievance, including the date of service, the health care provider, and, if applicable, the claim amount;
(c) a statement describing the availability, upon request, of the diagnosis code and its corresponding meaning and the treatment code and its corresponding meaning. On receiving a request for a diagnosis or treatment code, the health insurance issuer shall provide the information as soon as practicable. A health insurance issuer may not consider a request for the diagnosis code and treatment information, in itself, to be a request to file a grievance for external review as outlined in Title 33, chapter 32, part 4.
(d) a statement from the physicians or health care professionals of the same licensure participating in the review of their understanding of the covered person's grievance;
(e) a description in clear terms of the decision of the physicians or health care professionals of the same licensure and the contract basis or medical rationale in sufficient detail for the covered person to respond further to the health insurance issuer's position;
(f) a reference to the evidence or documentation used as the basis for the decision. If the decision involves an adverse determination, the notice must provide:
(i) all specific reasons for the adverse determination, including the denial code and its corresponding meaning, as well as a description of the health insurance issuer's standard, if any, that was used in reaching the denial;
(ii) the reference to the specific plan provisions on which the determination is based;
(iii) if the adverse determination is based on incomplete documentation, a description of any additional material or information necessary for the covered person to complete the request, including an explanation of why the material or information is necessary to complete the request;
(iv) a copy of any internal rule, guideline, protocol, or other similar criteria if relied on by the health insurance issuer to make the adverse determination. Alternatively, the health insurance issuer may provide a statement that a specific rule, guideline, protocol, or other similar criteria was relied on to make the adverse determination and that a copy of the rule, guideline, protocol, or other similar criteria will be provided free of charge to the covered person on request.
(v) an explanation of the scientific or clinical judgment used for making the adverse determination if the adverse determination is based on a medical necessity or experimental or investigational treatment or similar exclusion or limit. The explanation must apply the terms of the health plan to the covered person's medical circumstances. Alternatively, the health insurance issuer may provide a statement that an explanation will be provided to the covered person free of charge on request.
(vi) instructions for requesting any of the following that are applicable:
(A) a copy of the rule, guideline, protocol, or other similar criteria relied on in making the adverse determination in accordance with subsection (8)(f)(iv); or
(B) the written statement of the scientific or clinical rationale for the adverse determination in accordance with subsection (8)(f)(v);
(vii) a statement describing the procedures for obtaining an independent external review of the adverse determination pursuant to Title 33, chapter 32, part 4;
(viii) the following statement, if applicable:
"You and your plan may have other voluntary alternative dispute resolution options, such as mediation. One way to find out what may be available is to contact your state insurance commissioner."
(ix) a statement indicating the covered person's right to bring a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction; and
(x) a notice of the covered person's right to contact the commissioner's office for assistance at any time, including the telephone number and address of the commissioner's office.
(9) The notice under subsection (8)(f) must be provided in accordance with federal regulations and as provided in 33-32-211(9).
(10) (a) A health insurance issuer may provide the notice required under this section orally, in writing, or electronically.
(b) If notice of the adverse determination is provided orally, the health insurance issuer shall provide written or electronic notice of the adverse determination within 3 days after the oral notification.