Montana Code Annotated 2019

TITLE 35. CORPORATIONS, PARTNERSHIPS, AND ASSOCIATIONS

CHAPTER 14. MONTANA BUSINESS CORPORATION ACT

Part 2. Incorporation

Articles Of Incorporation

35-14-202. Articles of incorporation. (1) The articles of incorporation must set forth:

(a) a corporate name for the corporation that satisfies the requirements of 35-14-401;

(b) the number of shares the corporation is authorized to issue;

(c) the street and mailing addresses of the corporation's initial registered office and the name of its initial registered agent at that office; and

(d) the name and address of each incorporator.

(2) The articles of incorporation may set forth:

(a) the names and addresses of the individuals who are to serve as the initial directors;

(b) provisions not inconsistent with law regarding:

(i) the purpose or purposes for which the corporation is organized;

(ii) managing the business and regulating the affairs of the corporation;

(iii) defining, limiting, and regulating the powers of the corporation, its board of directors, and its shareholders;

(iv) a par value for authorized shares or classes of shares; or

(v) the imposition of interest holder liability on shareholders;

(c) any provision that under this chapter is required or permitted to be set forth in the bylaws;

(d) a provision eliminating or limiting the liability of a director to the corporation or its shareholders for money damages for any action taken or any failure to take any action as a director, except liability for:

(i) the amount of a financial benefit received by a director to which the director is not entitled;

(ii) an intentional infliction of harm on the corporation or the shareholders;

(iii) a violation of 35-14-832; or

(iv) an intentional violation of criminal law;

(e) a provision permitting or making obligatory indemnification of a director for liability as defined in 35-14-850 to any person for any action taken or any failure to take any action as a director, except liability for:

(i) receipt of a financial benefit to which the director is not entitled;

(ii) an intentional infliction of harm on the corporation or its shareholders;

(iii) a violation of 35-14-832; or

(iv) an intentional violation of criminal law; and

(f) a provision limiting or eliminating any duty of a director or any other person to offer the corporation the right to have or participate in any or one or more classes or categories of business opportunities before the pursuit or taking of the opportunity by the director or other person, provided that any application of such a provision to an officer or a related person of that officer:

(i) also requires approval of that application by the board of directors, subsequent to the effective date of the provision, by action of qualified directors taken in compliance with the procedures set forth in 35-14-862; and

(ii) may be limited by the authorizing action of the board.

(3) The articles of incorporation need not set forth any of the corporate powers enumerated in this chapter.

(4) Provisions of the articles of incorporation may be made dependent on facts objectively ascertainable outside the articles of incorporation in accordance with 35-14-120(11).

(5) As used in this section, "related person" has the meaning specified in 35-14-860.

History: En. Sec. 28, Ch. 271, L. 2019.